ZIS-12 (94-KM)

From WarThunder-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The 94-KM ZIS-12 in the Garage.

The ZIS-12 (94-KM) (94-KM gun mount on a ZIS-12 truck), or as the 94-KM ZIS-12, is a Rank II Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft vehicle with a battle rating of 3.7 (AB) and 3.3 (RB/SB). It was introduced in Update 1.57 "Battle March".

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

This anti-aircraft gun is used in a similar way as the 72-K GAZ MM and is armed with not one, but two 25mm cannons that dish out twice the damage. You should get to a good vantage point using your speed, and then use your cannons to shoot down aircraft that threaten your team. You should beware of any tanks or aircraft, as even machine guns can destroy the vehicle. If faced with light tanks, you can try to run away with the high speed of the vehicle, or try to kill it using your cannons. Your 25s will offer enough penetration to go through most of a light tank's armour. For medium tanks, shoot into the rear or sides of the vehicle rather than chancing the weak spots in the frontal armour. Heavy tanks should be avoided, unless you are serving as a distraction for your team.

Vehicle characteristics

The 94-KM is an improvement over the 72-K GAZ MM with its dual-mounted 25 mm cannons, increasing its rate of fire and area of saturation for anti-aircraft duties.

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Similar play style to its predecessor 72-K GAZ MM.
  • 25 mm Armour Piercing offers decent penetration.
  • Dual mounted cannons offers twice the rate of fire compared to the 72-K GAZ MM.
  • Extremely low reload time allows you to fire nearly continuously.
  • Good engine and transmission allows it accelerate and drive at high speeds, and stop in a reasonable distance.
  • Light armored enemies are easy to kill with AP rounds.
  • Air targets belt offers almost a one/two shot instant kill on a direct hit.

Cons:

  • Highly vulnerable to artillery.
  • Vulnerable to flipping at high speeds.
  • High Explosive rounds can easily destroy the vehicle .
  • Cannot shoot straight ahead due to driving compartment.
  • No armour or protection whatsoever.
  • Only a marginal ammo count increase from the 72-K GAZ MM, meaning that ammo runs out quite fast if used recklessly.
  • Any aircraft can easily kill it with machine guns and/or cannons rounds.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

2 x 25 mm 72-K auto-cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 530 Shells (7 round magazine each)
  • Fire Rate: 240 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 20.8°/s (Stock), 28.8°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 0.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
2 x 25 mm 72-K auto-cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 530 Shells (7 round magazine each)
  • Rate of Fire: 240.0 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 20.8°/s (Stock), 24.5°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 0.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
2 x 25 mm 72-K auto-cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 530 Shells (7 round magazine each)
  • Rate of Fire: 240.0 Shots per Minute
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 20.8°/s (Stock), 24.5°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 0.3s (Stock), _._s (Full Crew), _._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)

Ammunition

Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
OZR-132 3 3 2 2 2 2 FI-T* 910 0.29 0.2 0.1 13 +0° 28° 21° 17°
BR-132 46 43 33 27 23 15 AP-T 900 0.28 N/A N/A N/A -1° 43° 30° 25°

Belts type

Belts Shell composition Combat usage
Default AP-T, FI-T*
(Armour Piercing tracer – Fragmentation Incendiary tracer) shell
50% of this belt are useless against tanks or planes. However against other SPAA this belt can reliably take out crew, armament, ammo and engine. Having one belt in reserve does not hurt.
OZR-132 FI-T*
(Fragmentation Incendiary tracer) shell
The "explosive" rounds for the gun. This is the best ammo to use against aircraft, but useless against most ground vehicles.
BR-132 AP-T
(Armour Piercing tracer) shell
As an armour-piercing round, it is too small to be a significant threat against ground targets but the lightest armoured ones, and has little effect on planes unless you get a good shot on a critical area. Not really a recommended belt to use, but in an emergency it may save your life.

Ammo racks

Ammo racks
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
72 (+72) Keep full Yes

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Structural steel
  • Wood (Truck bed)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Gun mount)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Driver's cabin 1 mm 1 mm 1 mm 1 mm
Cargo bed 15 mm 15 mm 15 mm 15 mm

Notes:

  • The wheels are 2 mm thick.
  • The truck bed is 15 mm of wood, which will probably not offer as much protection as the truck cab.
  • The radiator housing is unarmoured.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 3.0 ton

Max Speed: 55 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 99 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 33.00 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 3.0 ton

Max Speed: 51 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 62 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.67 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 3.0 ton

Max Speed: 51 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 62 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.67 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

"FPE", "Vertical Turret Drive", and "Crew Replenishment" should be prioritized, with the ammo belts being researched last.

History of creation and combat usage

Soviet mobile anti-aircraft defenses in World War II was quite lacking in comparison to other nation's. Their self-propelled anti-aircraft guns are mainly improvised truck beds mounting a light anti-aircraft gun, such as Maxim machine guns on the 4M GAZ-AAA and a single 25 mm auto cannon in the 72-K GAZ MM. By the end of 1943, the design bureau at Plant no.88 wanted to mount two 25 mm 72-K guns onto a truck bed. The guidance system on the new design was derived from the 37 mm 61-K gun. The gun system was mounted onto the back of a ZIS-12 truck bed, which was derived from the ZIS-5 truck. In 1944, the weapon system was accepted for testing and later approved as the 94-KM ZIS-12. Plant no.88 produced the 94-KM in 1944 to 1945 before stopping at either production number 225 or 237, possible due to the introduction of the better ZSU-37 anti-aircraft system.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the SM.79 series from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

[Devblog] 94-KM SPAAG

References


Sidebar

[expand] [collapse] Soviet Tanks [collapse] [expand]

Light Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Medium Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 6   
Heavy Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Tank Destroyers
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
SPAAs
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
  • ZIS-12 (94-KM)
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Premium & Gift Vehicles
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   


Arcade ☑ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☑
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☑

ussr_zis_12_94km_1945.png

Icon-country-sov.png ZIS-12 (94-KM)
Nation USSR
Type SPAA
Rank 2
Battle Rating
3.7
3.3
3.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
3,000 kg
6,614 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
1/1/1/1 mm
0.04/0.04/0.04/0.04 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
99 hp
62 hp
62 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
___ hp
70 hp
70 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
33.00
33.53
20.67
21.00
20.67
21.00
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
__.__
__.__
23.33
23.71
23.33
23.71
Max speed
55 km/h
34 mph
51 km/h
32 mph
51 km/h
32 mph
Main Weapon
2 x 25 mm 72-K Autocannon
Ammo stowage 530 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/85°
Economy
Required RP 18,000 RP
Vehicle cost 77,000 SL
Crew training cost 22,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,210 SL
680 SL
1,070 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
6h 58m
9h 27m
9h 55m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
2h 19m
3h 09m
3h 35m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.79.1.192.