152 mm Gun Tank M60A2

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The M60A2 in the garage.

The 152 mm Gun Tank M60A2 (also known as "Starship") is a Rank VI American medium tank with a battle rating of 8.3. It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica".

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

The M60A2 Starship is the perfect combination between armour, firepower, and speed. Based on the chassis of the M60, it has great mobility and armour. While the addition of the 152mm gun/launcher allows the player to reliably pierce enemy tanks armour at it's tier. The Shillelagh missile unlocks the possibility on long-range sniping, along with the powerful HEAT shell. Or if you are a more aggressive player, flank the enemy and hide your position using your smoke grenade launchers. Your low-profile commander's cupola will be a great help in close quarter combat. However reload time is not that great so immediately go back to cover after you take a shot. Suggested roles are support, sniper, and flanker.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Very fast turret rotation.
  • Turret front is hard to predictably penetrate due to its odd design.
  • Has smoke launchers.
  • Same ammunition as the M551 Sheridan.
  • Stabilizer allows for accurate firing on the move and fast reaction time, especially for a vehicle with the ability to launch ATGMs.

Cons:

  • Slow - off road the Starship struggles to reach 30 kmph on a slight downhill.
  • Cannot fire from cover like the IT-1 or Raketenjagdpanzers.
  • Cupola is one huge weak point sticking out up top.
  • ATGM has a reload several seconds longer than normal ammunition.
  • Can only hold 7 ATGM ammunition total.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 152 mm Gun/Launcher M162 (46 rounds)
1 x 12.7 mm M85 machine gun (1,080 rounds)
1 x 7.62 mm M73 machine gun (5,500 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 152 mm Gun/Launcher M162
  • Ammunition Capacity: 46 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 23.8/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 15.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 152 mm Gun/Launcher M162
  • Ammunition Capacity: 46 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 23.8/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 15.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 152 mm Gun/Launcher M162
  • Ammunition Capacity: 46 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 23.8/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 15.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M409A1 354 354 354 354 354 354 HEAT 682 19 0.0 0.1 3,730 +0° 62° 69° 73°
M657A2 38 38 38 38 38 38 HE 682 22 0.1 0.1 4,300 +0° 79° 80° 81°
MGM-51B Shillelagh 431 431 431 431 431 431 ATGM 323 28 0.0 0.01 3,600 +0° 80° 82° 90°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M60A2.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Recommendations Comments Visual
discrepancy
46 46 (+0) 39 (+7) 33 (+13) 25 (+21) 12 (+32) (+45) Vertical rounds: 33 (+13)
Empty turret: 25 (+21)
1st ammo rack is emptied from the start no

Secondary armament

1 x 12.7 mm M85 machine gun (Cupola-mounted)
1 x 7.62 mm M73 machine gun (Coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Engine deck, Engine grille)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 108 mm (66°) Front glacis
117-137 mm (53°) Lower glacis
36-70 mm (0-33°) 15 mm (3°) Top
18 mm (23-66°) Bottom
36 mm Front
10 mm Rear
Turret 220 mm (1-70°) 124 mm Top
58.6-155.4 mm (25-76°) Bottom
50.8 mm (1°) 31.7-58.6 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 89.4 mm 89.4 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 10 mm thick while tracks are 30 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 51.9 ton

Max Speed: 53 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 1162 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 22.39 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 33°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 51.9 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 663 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.77 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 36°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 51.9 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 663 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.77 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 36°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The M60 was the American response to the Soviet T-54A main battle tank after one was captured by Hungarians during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. The American main tank at the time, the M47 and M48 Pattons and with their 90 mm cannon, was found to be incapable of defeating the T-54 armour from the front. Plus, with rumor that a new Soviet tank better than the T-54 was in development with a 115 mm cannon (which would be the T-62), the Americans saw a need to upgrade or replace their M48 Pattons. These upgrades are focused on improving the armour, a bigger gun, better rangefinders, and even an auto loader system.

At the time, a program designated the T95 launched in June 1954 was meant to replace the M48 Patton with a better gun and mobility. This new tank development was approved in August 1957 and was intended to be a radical change in the American tank doctrine, changing from the World War II era weight classes of light, medium, and heavy tanks and instead classifying as an all-purpose "main battle tanks" or an "airborne reconnaissance/assault vehicles". However, as the development came to a slow speed, it was determined that the T95 series was only marginally better than their improved M48A2 Patton, so it was proposed that the M48 design be upgraded with the new improvements made by the T95 program, focusing on better firepower and fuel efficiency. This development would be designated the XM60.

The main gun on the new design was to be the new 105 mm M68 cannon, which was similar to the British 105 mm L7 Royal Ordnance gun made in response to the Soviet T-54 tank, even firing the same ammunition. The decision was made among six different tank guns for accuracy, damage on target, rate of fire, and penetration. The cannon parts were initially imported from Britain until American licensed version could be produced at the same quality. Armour was initially going to be composite armour made out of silica glass in response to better anti-tank weapons being produced. However, during production, the composite armour was changed back to conventional steel due to manufacturing constraints and cost. The XM60 design was accepted in 1959 and standardized as the 105 mm Gun Full Tracked Combat Tank M60 in March 1959, entering service in 1960. During its production life from 1959 to 1987, over 15,000 units were produced. Despite its common naming as the M60 Patton, it is never officially classified as a series of the Patton tanks and only as a "product descendant".

The M60 was meant to only be an interim design in the "main battle tank" designation, but it featured many innovative upgrades. The 105 mm gun with a bore evacuator, a straight sloping front armour rather than the rounded one on the M48, three rollers on the suspension and road wheels made out of aluminum. The design also used an improved engine, transmission, and driving unit. M60 design could be cast or welded together, and the turret was largely similar except the different mantlet to accept the new 105 mm gun. The tank had a crew of four, the commander, gunner, loader, and driver. The M60 was the last American tank to feature conventional steel armour in its design.

Variants

The M60 started with its base variant, which was very similar to the M48 Patton, the differences between the two being a wedged-shaped hull, three return rollers, and aluminum road wheels. The next one is the M60A1 variant, which began production in October 1962 with a better "needle-nose" turret, improved armour protection, and suspension. This was meant to be the main variant, but the development of a "main battle tank" was slower so the M60A1 served much longer than its intended period, from 1960 to the 1980s. Another variant to be made was the M60A2, which had a changed turret design and had the 152 mm gun found on the M551 Sheridan that could fire standard HEAT shells or an anti-tank missiles, but this variant was found to be unreliable and was phased out quickly. The last major variant was the M60A3, which featured many technological enhancements with a new rangefinder, ballistic computer, and a turret stabilization. This tank is the most modern of the three variants and is still being used by certain countries with even some advantages over the American main battle tank M1 Abrams during its introduction with better thermal sights, diesel engine, escape hatches, variety in ammunition, and ability to act as an artillery.

Combat usage

The M60 in American service were first deployed in Vietnam, but only as engineer vehicles or bridge layers. The M60s continued to serve in American service all the way to the Gulf War in Operation Desert Storm in the Marine Corps and Air Force, however at the time the newer M1 Abrams in service were already replacing the M60 tanks. Despite that, they did well in combat, where M60A1s in Marine service fought an Iraqi force composed of Soviet T-54s and T-72s and destroyed 100 tanks with the loss of only one M60 tank. The M60s were all retired after 2005 in US service.

Israel was another large user of the M60 tanks, seeing service in the Yom Kippur War with the quantity of 150, but many were destroyed by the new anti-tank missiles supplied by the Soviets to Egypt. It was widely praised for its firepower and maneuverability however, and many were upgraded with better tracks and armour in the form of explosive reactive armour to combat anti-tank missiles. They saw service again in the 1982 Lebanon War against T-54s and T-72s and even World War II era T-34s. The M60 in Israeli service were retired by 2014. Today, the M60 tanks are still used in many different countries, such as Egypt, Brazil, Greece, Iran, Turkey, Yemen, China, and more. Despite its age, attempts at upgrading its armour and armament had been made American defense contractor Raytheon, able to keep the M60A3 up to date with the newer M1A1 Abrams with the 120 mm Rheinmetall gun and reactive armour.

Legacy

The M60 tank is the biggest step forward in American tank development as it was the first American tank design made in response to another post-World War II tank design and was the first tank to become part of the new American classification system of tanks between "main battle tanks" and "airborne vehicles". Of all the American tank designs in the Cold War era, the M60 was the most produced of them all, and was given out in large numbers to American allies or willing buyers. The M60 is still serving today in many conflicts and even in the reserves when retired from the front lines. Even then, the tank has been through many modifications and upgrades to extend their service life and serve even among modern countries with access to better equipment like Israel. The M60 is expected to still see action for many years to come in smaller countries.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the M60A2 from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References


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us_m60a2.png

Icon-country-usa.png M60A2
Nation USA
Type Medium tank
Rank 6
Battle Rating
8.3
8.3
8.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
51,900 kg
114,419 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
108/76/41/10 mm
4.25/3.0/1.61/0.4 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
1,162 hp
663 hp
663 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
___ hp
750 hp
750 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
22.39
22.75
12.77
12.98
12.77
12.98
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
__.__
__.__
14.45
14.68
14.45
14.68
Max speed
53 km/h
33.0 mph
48 km/h
29.6 mph
48 km/h
29.6 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 152 mm M162 Gun/Launcher
Ammo stowage 46 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 12.7 mm M85 Heavy machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,080 rounds
Mount Cupola
Vertical guidance -15°/60°
1 x 7.62 mm M73 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 5,500 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 380,000 RP
Vehicle cost 990,000 SL
Crew training cost 280,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,900 SL
2,800 SL
5,230 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
4d 14h
9d
11d
Free repair time (Upgraded)
_d __h
_d __h
_d __h
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