120 mm/45 3rd Year Type (120 mm)
Write an introduction to the article in 2-3 small paragraphs. Briefly tell us about the history of the development and combat using the weaponry and also about its features. Compile a list of air, ground, or naval vehicles that feature this weapon system in the game.
Vehicles equipped with this weapon
Tell us about the tactical and technical characteristics of the cannon or machine gun.
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|1,000 m||2,500 m||5,000 m||7,500 m||10,000 m||15,000 m|
|120 mm Type 1 HE||HE||24||24||24||24||24||24|
|120 mm Type 1 SAP||SAP||114||89||59||40||30||26|
|120 mm Type 0 HE||HE-TF||24||24||24||24||24||24|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
|120 mm Type 1 HE||HE||850||20.33||0||0.1||1.95||79°||80°||81°|
|120 mm Type 1 SAP||SAP||850||20.4||0.015||5||1.87||47°||60°||65°|
|120 mm Type 0 HE||HE-TF||850||20.33||0||0.1||1.95||79°||80°||81°|
Comparison with analogues
- 120 mm/45 10th year type (120 mm) - Japanese cannon with same shell characteristics. Typically found on cruisers as secondary armament.
- L45 (120 mm) - German cannon which is found on K-2 ships causing this ship to be one of most feared in its battle rating. It has a slower velocity of 808 m/s but makes up with a bigger explosive mass of 2.7 kg of TNT per shell.
- 4.7 inch/45 Mk.XII (120 mm) - British cannon typically found on destroyers. Comparable velocity to the L45, however, it packs a bigger explosive mass of 3 kg of TNT per shell.
Usage in battles
Describe the cannon/machine gun in the game - its distinctive features, tactics of usage against notable opponents. Please don't write a "guide" - do not impose a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought.
Pros and cons
Summarise and briefly evaluate the weaponry in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark pros and cons as a list.
The Imperial Japanese Navy was always looking for better weapons during the late 19th and early 20th centuries and frequently looked to western sources to copy and improve upon. One of these weapons is the 120 mm/45-calibre 3rd Year Type cannon. Designated for their Welin breech blocks and with built-up guns later replaced by monobloc barrels, the 3rd Year Type came from a design in 1897 but only began seeing production and service on ships after World War I due to the frequent changes of the Fleet Plans of the Imperial Japanese Navy due to political interference from the Japanese Diet (Parliament). The 3rd Year Type 120 mm gun was mounted on a number of interwar destroyers and gunboats, notably the Chidori-class gunboats, along with Etorofu and Shimushu-class escort ships, the Hashidate-class gunboats, the military survey ships of the Tsukushi class and the destroyers of the Kamikaze, Kawakaze, Minekaze, Momi, and Mutsuki classes. It was also used in significant numbers as a coastal defense weapon during World War II. The gun was also the basis for two variants, the 120 mm/45 10th year type which is an anti-aircraft variant, and the 12cm 11th year type naval cannon used on submarines and torpedo boats.
Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.
- 120 mm/45 10th year type - Later derivative
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- topic on the official game forum;
- other literature.
|Japan naval cannons|
|20 mm||JM61 · Type 98|
|25 mm||25 mm/60 Type 96|
|37 mm||Type 4 · Type 11 pattern 1922|
|40 mm||40 mm/62 Vickers|
|57 mm||Type 97|
|75 mm||Type 88 AA|
|76 mm||3-inch/40 Type 41 · 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type · 8 cm/60 Type 98|
|100 mm||100/65 mm Type 98 mod A|
|120 mm||120 mm/45 3rd Year Type · 120 mm/45 10th year type|
|127 mm||5 inch/40 Type 89 · 127 mm/50 3rd Year Type|
|140 mm||140 mm/50 3rd Year Type|
|152 mm||6-inch/45 Type 41 · 15 cm/50 Type 41|
|155 mm||155 mm/60 3rd Year Type|
|200 mm||20 cm 3rd year type No.1|
|203 mm||20 cm/50 3rd year type No.2|
|356 mm||36 cm/45 Type 41|
|40 mm||Bofors L/60 Mark 1 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 2 (USA) · Bofors L/60 Mark 3 (USA)|
|76 mm||3 inch Mk.33 (USA) · 3-inch Mk.34 (USA)|
|120 mm||4,7-inch/40 Armstrong (Britain)|
|127 mm||5 inch/38 Mk.12 (USA)|
|305 mm||12-inch/45 Vickers (Britain) · 12-inch/50 Vickers (Britain)|