105 mm Gun Tank M60A1 (AOS)

From WarThunder-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

M60A1 Patton (AOS) in the garage.

The M60A1 is a Rank VI American medium tank with a battle rating of 8.3. It was introduced in Update 1.61 "Road to Glory".

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

The vehicle is very similar to its predecessor the M60, it has a new turret configuration to maximise slope effect.

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Powerful gun.
    • Very accurate gun at long ranges when upgraded.
    • Good stock shell (APDS).
    • HEAT-FS and HESH shells available.
  • Decent turning capability.
  • Very good stock turret transverse speed.
  • Great off road speed (but not as great compared to Leopards and T-10Ms).
  • Sloped armour can be quite bouncy at range.
  • Once fully upgraded it offers very sharp handling and maneuverabilty.
  • Excellent acceleration when fully upgraded.
  • Gun comes with AOS (Add-On-Stabilizer).

Cons:

  • Very high profile, made worse by cupola.
    • Commander cupola armour is very large and very thin, can be penetrated easily by APCBC and HEAT rounds.
    • Enemy shells can bounce off the turret roof (due to the angle) and could enter the cupola.
    • Commander's .50cal HMG is slower in maneuverability and not as effective compared to earlier vehicles due to the cupola.
    • .50 cal coverage is limited due to commander's cupola.
  • Sides are only 41 mm thick, they can be penetrated easily.
  • Turret ring can be penetrated by enemy rounds.
  • Front is vulnerable to HEAT and the more powerful APHE (T-10M, Maus) at close range.
  • No shells with HE core.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 × 105 mm Gun M68 (63 rounds)
1 × 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (900 rounds)
1 × 7.62 mm M73 machine gun (5,950 rounds)

Main armament

1 × 105 mm Gun M68
  • Ammunition Capacity: 63 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 13.39°/s (Stock), 18.6°/s (Upgraded), 22.6°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 24.9°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 26.6°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 10.79s (Stock), 9.55s (Full Crew), 8.8s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.3s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 × 105 mm Gun M68
  • Ammunition Capacity: 63 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 13.39°/s (Stock), 15.8°/s (Upgraded), 19.2°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 21.2°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 22.6°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 10.79s (Stock), 9.55s (Full Crew), 8.8s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.3s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 × 105 mm Gun M68
  • Ammunition Capacity: 63 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 13.39°/s (Stock), 15.8°/s (Upgraded), 19.2°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 21.2°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 22.6°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 10.79s (Stock), 9.55s (Full Crew), 8.8s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.3s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M728 321 320 300 280 263 258 APDS 1426 6.5 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 75° 78° 80°
M393 127 127 127 127 127 127 HESH 730 15 0.4 0.1 4,310 +0° 73° 77° 80°
M456 400 400 400 400 400 400 HEATFS 1173 11 0.0 0.1 1,270 +0° 65° 72° 75°
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
M416 Smoke 730 11 20 5 25 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M60A1.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
63 50 (+13) 48 (+15) 27 (+36) 13 (+50) (+62) Turret empty: 27 (+36) no

Secondary armaments

1 × 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (Pintle-mounted)
1 × 7.62 mm M73 machine gun (Coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Rear roof, Engine grille)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 108 mm (66°) Front Glacis
137 mm (54°) Lower Glacis
36 - 70 mm 25 mm (1°) Engine Grille
40 mm (31°) Top
28 mm (61°) Bottom
36 mm Front
20 mm Engine deck
Turret 215 + 50.8 mm (1-43°) Turret front left
230 + 50.8 mm (4-50°) Turret front right
127 mm (8-57°) Gun Mantlet
215 - 49 mm 57 mm 48 mm Front
25.4 mm Center
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Cupola 127 mm 70 mm 50 mm 101.6 mm

Notes:

  • Tracks are 30 mm thick while suspension wheels are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 19 mm in the front, 13 mm in the rear.
  • 15 mm RHA plate between the engine and crew compartment.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 47.6 ton

Max Speed: 53 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 1162 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 24.41 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 37°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 47.6 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 663 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 13.93 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 47.6 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 663 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 13.93 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The M60 was the American response to the Soviet T-54A main battle tank after one was captured by Hungarians during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. The American main tank at the time, the M47 and M48 Pattons and with their 90 mm cannon, was found to be incapable of defeating the T-54 armour from the front. Plus, with rumor that a new Soviet tank better than the T-54 was in development with a 115 mm cannon (which would be the T-62), the Americans saw a need to upgrade or replace their M48 Pattons. These upgrades are focused on improving the armour, a bigger gun, better rangefinders, and even an auto loader system.

At the time, a program designated the T95 launched in June 1954 was meant to replace the M48 Patton with a better gun and mobility. This new tank development was approved in August 1957 and was intended to be a radical change in the American tank doctrine, changing from the World War II era weight classes of light, medium, and heavy tanks and instead classifying as an all-purpose "main battle tanks" or an "airborne reconnaissance/assault vehicles". However, as the development came to a slow speed, it was determined that the T95 series was only marginally better than their improved M48A2 Patton, so it was proposed that the M48 design be upgraded with the new improvements made by the T95 program, focusing on better firepower and fuel efficiency. This development would be designated the XM60.

The main gun on the new design was to be the new 105 mm M68 cannon, which was similar to the British 105 mm L7 Royal Ordnance gun made in response to the Soviet T-54 tank, even firing the same ammunition. The decision was made among six different tank guns for accuracy, damage on target, rate of fire, and penetration. The cannon parts were initially imported from Britain until American licensed version could be produced at the same quality. Armour was initially going to be composite armour made out of silica glass in response to better anti-tank weapons being produced. However, during production, the composite armour was changed back to conventional steel due to manufacturing constraints and cost. The XM60 design was accepted in 1959 and standardized as the 105 mm Gun Full Tracked Combat Tank M60 in March 1959, entering service in 1960. During its production life from 1959 to 1987, over 15,000 units were produced. Despite its common naming as the M60 Patton, it is never officially classified as a series of the Patton tanks and only as a "product descendant".

The M60 was meant to only be an interim design in the "main battle tank" designation, but it featured many innovative upgrades. The 105 mm gun with a bore evacuator, a straight sloping front armour rather than the rounded one on the M48, three rollers on the suspension and road wheels made out of aluminum. The design also used an improved engine, transmission, and driving unit. M60 design could be cast or welded together, and the turret was largely similar except the different mantlet to accept the new 105 mm gun. The tank had a crew of four, the commander, gunner, loader, and driver. The M60 was the last American tank to feature conventional steel armour in its design.

Variants

The M60 started with its base variant, which was very similar to the M48 Patton, the differences between the two being a wedged-shaped hull, three return rollers, and aluminum road wheels. The next one is the M60A1 variant, which began production in October 1962 with a better "needle-nose" turret, improved armour protection, and suspension. This was meant to be the main variant, but the development of a "main battle tank" was slower so the M60A1 served much longer than its intended period, from 1960 to the 1980s. Another variant to be made was the M60A2, which had a changed turret design and had the 152 mm gun found on the M551 Sheridan that could fire standard HEAT shells or an anti-tank missiles, but this variant was found to be unreliable and was phased out quickly. The last major variant was the M60A3, which featured many technological enhancements with a new rangefinder, ballistic computer, and a turret stabilization. This tank is the most modern of the three variants and is still being used by certain countries with even some advantages over the American main battle tank M1 Abrams during its introduction with better thermal sights, diesel engine, escape hatches, variety in ammunition, and ability to act as an artillery.

Combat usage

The M60 in American service were first deployed in Vietnam, but only as engineer vehicles or bridge layers. The M60s continued to serve in American service all the way to the Gulf War in Operation Desert Storm in the Marine Corps and Air Force, however at the time the newer M1 Abrams in service were already replacing the M60 tanks. Despite that, they did well in combat, where M60A1s in Marine service fought an Iraqi force composed of Soviet T-54s and T-72s and destroyed 100 tanks with the loss of only one M60 tank. The M60s were all retired after 2005 in US service.

Israel was another large user of the M60 tanks, seeing service in the Yom Kippur War with the quantity of 150, but many were destroyed by the new anti-tank missiles supplied by the Soviets to Egypt. It was widely praised for its firepower and maneuverability however, and many were upgraded with better tracks and armour in the form of explosive reactive armour to combat anti-tank missiles. They saw service again in the 1982 Lebanon War against T-54s and T-72s and even World War II era T-34s. The M60 in Israeli service were retired by 2014. Today, the M60 tanks are still used in many different countries, such as Egypt, Brazil, Greece, Iran, Turkey, Yemen, China, and more. Despite its age, attempts at upgrading its armour and armament had been made American defense contractor Raytheon, able to keep the M60A3 up to date with the newer M1A1 Abrams with the 120 mm Rheinmetall gun and reactive armour.

Legacy

The M60 tank is the biggest step forward in American tank development as it was the first American tank design made in response to another post-World War II tank design and was the first tank to become part of the new American classification system of tanks between "main battle tanks" and "airborne vehicles". Of all the American tank designs in the Cold War era, the M60 was the most produced of them all, and was given out in large numbers to American allies or willing buyers. The M60 is still serving today in many conflicts and even in the reserves when retired from the front lines. Even then, the tank has been through many modifications and upgrades to extend their service life and serve even among modern countries with access to better equipment like Israel. The M60 is expected to still see action for many years to come in smaller countries.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the M60A1 from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

[Devblog] M60A1: Facing the Enemy

References


Sidebar

[expand] [collapse] American Tanks [collapse] [expand]

Light Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Medium Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 6   
  • M60A1
Heavy Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Tank Destroyers
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
SPAAs
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Premium & Gift Vehicles
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   


Arcade ☑ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☑
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☑

us_m60a1.png

Icon-country-usa.png M60A1 (AOS)
Nation USA
Type Medium tank
Rank 6
Battle Rating
8.3
8.3
8.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
47,600 kg
104,940 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
108/76/41/20 mm
4.25/3.0/1.61/0.79 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
1,162 hp
663 hp
663 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
___ hp
750 hp
750 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
24.41
24.80
13.93
14.15
13.93
14.15
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
__.__
__.__
15.76
16.01
15.76
16.01
Max speed
53 km/h
33.0 mph
48 km/h
29.6 mph
48 km/h
29.6 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 105 mm M68 Cannon
Ammo stowage 63 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 12.7 mm M85 Heavy machine gun
Ammo stowage 900 rounds
Mount Cupola
Vertical guidance -9°/60°
1 x 7.62 mm M73 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 5,950 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 380,000 RP
Vehicle cost 990,000 SL
Crew training cost 280,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,700 SL
2,900 SL
5,600 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
4d 13h
9d
11d
Free repair time (Upgraded)
_d __h
_d __h
_d __h
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP, and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.77.2.187.