Type 74 (E)
|This page is about the Japanese medium tank Type 74 (E). For other versions, see Type 74 (Family).|
- 1 Description
- 2 General info
- 3 Armaments
- 4 Usage in battles
- 5 History
- 6 Media
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
The Type 74 (E) is a variant on the Type 74 MBT series featuring an enhanced fire control system that allows it to fire Type 91 HEAT-MP rounds instead of Type 75 HESH rounds. It also has a thermal sleeve for the L7A3 (105 mm) rifled gun, which was added in the Type 74 (D) upgrade. Moreover, it can mount a dozer blade to create a hull-down position.
It was introduced along with the initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai" as the Type 74, and updated to the Type 74 (E) in Update "Direct Hit". It's the first of the Japanese MBTs to be able to equip APFSDS ammunition, which on top of its LWS/LR and hydropneumatic suspension system that allows it to adjust its hull height and angle, provides a decent sniping vehicle.
Survivability and armour
- Rolled homogeneous armour
- Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
|Armour||Front (Slope angle)||Sides||Rear||Roof|
|Hull|| 40 mm (74°), 80 mm (65°) Front glacis
80 mm (57°) Lower glacis
| 35 mm (44°) Top
30 mm, 10 mm (55-56°) Bottom
| 20 mm Top
25 mm (47-48°) Bottom
|Turret|| 132 mm (27-53°) Turret front
200 mm (34-73°) , 150 + 170 mm (0-44°) Gun mantlet
| 132 mm (5-57°) Front
67 mm (37-47°) Rear
|37 mm (17-39°)|| 67 mm Front |
37 mm Rear
|Cupola||80 mm||80 mm|
- Suspension wheels and tracks are both 20 mm thick.
- The Type 74's hydropneumatic suspension means it could vary the sloped angle of its armour towards the enemy.
- Hull roof is rated to be 25 mm effective against HE.
As with most medium tanks of the rank, the hull of the Type 74 (E) is only capable of stopping some autocannon fire and has very vulnerable sides, however, the turret armour of the Type 74 (E) is closer to US and British turret armour level. While it's unlikely to stop most APFSDS, it is very likely to deflect stray APDS and APHE. Light tanks will likely have to get close and personal to penetrate it, as penetrating cupola even with APDS belt is a challenge due to its size.
The advantage can be kept even when creeping onto the enemy high ground by using hydropneumatic suspension before driving uphill to not allow the enemy to fire at the roof. In rare cases, the tank can "duck" behind cover to hide at least a portion of the turret from enemy fire.
|Game Mode||Max Speed (km/h)||Weight (tons)||Engine power (horsepower)||Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)|
Modifications and economy
|105 mm L7A3||Turret rotation speed (°/s)||Reloading rate (seconds)|
While the 105 mm gun is relatively equal to one of other nations, the ammunition and optics of the Type 74 (E) are exceptional. It has all the same shell types of NATO tanks. The Type 74 (E) also has a laser rangefinder, which makes it really easy to check aim in RB, compared to tanks it fights in down-tiers and sometimes even in up-tier.
The gun depression is somewhat limited, but the vehicle's hydropneumatic suspension can be used to compensate for this.
|Ammunition|| Type of
|Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)|
|10 m||100 m||500 m||1,000 m||1,500 m||2,000 m|
|Ammunition|| Type of
| Fuse delay
| Fuse sensitivity
| Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
|50||17 (+33)||10 (+40)||1 (+49)||Yes|
- Shells are modeled individually and disappear after having been shot or loaded.
- Racks 2 and 3 are first stage ammo racks. They total 16 shells and get filled first when loading up the tank.
- These racks are also emptied early: the depletion order at full capacity is: 2 - 3 - 1.
- Simply not firing when the gun is loaded will move ammo from racks 1-8 into rack 9. Firing will interrupt the restocking of the ready rack.
- The visual discrepancy concerns racks 1 and 3.
- Rack 1 has 3 shells which, while modelled in the rack, are never present (crossed out shells).
- Rack 1 is modelled as 30 shells but contains 34 shells.
- Rack 3 has a shell which remains in the rack even after having been shot.
Optics and night vision
|Type 74 (E) Optics|
|Type of optic||Magnification||Night Vision Devices|
|Image Intensifier||Thermal Imager
|Resolution||Light Mult||Noise Level|
|Gunner's Sight||X8 - X16||800X600||8.0||High||Not Fitted||Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)|
|Commander's View||X6||800X600||8.0||High||Not Fitted||Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)|
|Driver's View||X1 / 3PV||800X600||5.0||High||Not Fitted||Image intensifier unlocked by "NVD" modification (tier 4)|
|12.7 mm M2HB|
|Mount||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal|
|7.62 mm Type 74|
|Mount||Capacity (Belt)||Fire rate||Vertical||Horizontal|
While it's not recommended, it's still possible to use 12.7 mm to fight light tanks like AUBL/74 HVG or Rooikat Mk.1D and most SPAA tanks at <100 m range.
Do not charge them with just the MG, especially at long range, as even poorly armoured rank V light tanks can survive frontal MG fire long enough to disarm and explode Type 74 - let them come to you, hit them with the main gun and ensure they never move again by firing at their sides or flat parts, while hiding yours.
Any melee oriented light tanks like BMP-2 or Warrior with add-on armour will have enough armour to absorb the MG fire and will greet Type 74 back with point blank ATGM attack, which machine guns will be unable to stop at such range.
Usage in battles
As the Type 74 (E) is very comparable to the Leopard 1 Series, especially the Leopard A1A1, it is recommended to play them in the same fashion as such. In a Hit & Run tactic.
The additional benefits of the Type 74 (E) over the Leopard A1A1 are:
- A top mounted .50 which can be used to deal with soft targets swiftly or damage gun barrels or track opponent tanks.
- Hydropneumatic suspension to:
- Increase gun depression or elevation.
- Improve traverse rate off- and on road.
- Could vary the sloped angle of its armour towards the enemy.
- Stronger turret armour
- Night vision spotlight
- Better ammunition available:
- Stock HEAT shell for the 74F while the Leopard starts with an APDS shell.
- APFSDS shell researchable at tier I while it is a tier IV modification for the A1A1.
With all the additional benefits out of the way, it shouldn't be negated it's still a gen 2 MBT with barely any armour to rely upon other than the strong turret which still will be defeated by most rounds that the Type 74 (E) will face. It is advised to make use of the terrain to your advantage in combination with the hydropneumatic suspension. The stabilizer also allows for the Type 74 (E) to shoot on the move and due lower top speed compared to the Leopard, should be even easier to shoot on the move.
But even though armour isn't the strong suit of the Type 74 (E), it gets an amazing choice of rounds to make use of. Even the strongest tanks shouldn't disregard a stock Type 74 (E) as it gets HEATFS as stock shell and has access to the M735 APFSDS shell as soon as tier I (with a second more potent Type 93 APFSDS shell as tier IV modification), while such a shell usually is a tier IV modification for most 105 mm L7A3 carrying tanks, this improves the Type 74 (E)'s combat performance by a lot.
In a nutshell: Use the mobility with the cannon's perfection to flank and spank enemies (But if you have to resolve to a frontal attack, the APFSDS still allows for such a playstyle). Wait and hunt for the perfect positions and kill the enemy tanks one by one, while always maintaining a good situational awareness. Patience is the key to success.
Pros and cons
- Same gun and general ammo choices as the NATO tanks
- Gets improved Type 93 APFSDS, which can deal frontally with anything the tank will see from any range
- A little bit more agile than the Leopard A1A1
- .50 cal machine gun proves useful against SPAAGs, as well as strafing aircraft
- Better frontal armour overall than the Leopards, ZSU-57-2 will have a much harder time defeating it from the front, can also bounce some medium tank APDS
- Hydropneumatic suspension system can give up to -12° of gun depression as well as more compatibility for terrain
- Hydropneumatic suspension system takes time to deploy and undeploy
- Only -6° of gun depression without deploying the suspension
- 53 km/h top speed compared to Leopard A1A1's 65 km/h (however, both tanks rarely reach this speed)
A year after the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) issued out their first post-war main battle tank, the Type 61, development started on its successor, recognizing that the Type 61 was already becoming obsolete in terms of the new Soviet tanks being produced such as the T-62. Working alongside Mitsubishi once more, they looked for a new tank design incorporating many new features introduced in tank technology. This resulted in the tank having the hydropneumatic suspension system from the U.S.-German project MBT-70, a hull shape similar to Germany's Leopard I, and the powerful 105 mm L7 gun for its main armament. Other planned features for the tank was a rotatable commander's cupola and an autoloader system for the main gun.
The first prototype arrived for testing in 1968 as the STB-1. Modifications to the design started in 1969, which saw the autoloader removed for being too complex and expensive, as well as the removal of a proposed remote-controlled anti-aircraft machine gun for the same reason. The turret design was also elongated for various design purposes. The modified prototype was labelled STB-3 and was delivered in 1971. The final prototype, STB-6, was then delivered in 1973. The tank was then accepted for service in 1974 as the Type 74 tank. Production would start in September 1975 all the way to 1989, producing 893 tanks.
Due to the defensive nature of the JSDF and the absence of any hostility rising out of the Cold War, the Type 74 spent its service life in the JGSDF with no battle service. During its service life however, it was upgraded with new hardware such as infra-red imagers for night fighting and a laser rangefinder for the commander. Despite all that, the Type 74 was generally outdated in terms of specifications even before entering service, as second-generation main battle tanks like the Chieftain and T-72 outclass it and development for third-generation main battle tanks like the Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams were already underway.
The tank was to be replaced by the newer Type 90 main battle tank, but the collapse of the Soviet Union and the official end of the Cold War caused the replacement program to be halted. Today, the Type 74 still sees limited service in Japan and it was reported that 700 units were still in use in 2006.
- Related Development
- STB-1 - (Prototype Stage)
- Type 74 (Family)
- Type 87 - (SPAAG built on a modified Type 74 Hull)
- Other vehicles of similar configuration and role
|Japan medium tanks|
|Type 97||Chi-Ha · Chi-Ha Kai · Chi-Ha Kai TD · Chi-Ha Short Gun|
|Type 1||Chi-He · Chi-He (5th Regiment) · Ho-I|
|Type 3||Chi-Nu · Chi-Nu II|
|Type 4||Chi-To · Chi-To Late|
|Type 5||Chi-Ri II|
|Type 61 MBT||ST-A1* · ST-A2* · ST-A3* · Type 61|
|Type 74 MBT||ST-B1* · Type 74 (C) · Type 74 (E) · Type 74 (F) · Type 74 (G)|
|Type 90 MBT||Type 90 · Type 90 (B)|
|Type 10 MBT||TKX* · Type 10|
|USA||▅M4A3 (76) W · ▅M47|
|*ST-X is prototype stage for said MBT|