M46 “Tiger”

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Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion)
us_m46_patton_73_armor_bat.png
AB
RB
SB
General characteristics
Brief
Detailed
6.7/7.0/7.0BR
5 peopleCrew
Mobility
43.9 tWeight
4 forward
2 back
Gear box
Armament
90 mm M3A1 cannonWeapon 1
70 roundsAmmunition
-10° / 20°Vertical guidance
12.7 mm M2HB machine gunWeapon 2
1 000 roundsAmmunition
200 roundsBelt capacity
577 shots/minFire rate
-10° / 50°Vertical guidance
-120° / 120°Horizontal guidance
4 900 roundsAmmunition
250 roundsBelt capacity
500 shots/minFire rate
Economy
6 090 Ge icon.pngPurchase
Sl icon.png3 340/2 880/1 820Repair
10 000 Sl icon.pngCrew training
420 000 Sl icon.pngExperts
1 100 Ge icon.pngAces
x 2.90 Rp icon.pngReward for battle
This page is about the premium tank M46 “Tiger”. For the regular version, see M46.

Description

GarageImage M46Tiger.jpg


The M46 “Tiger” (Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion)) is a premium Rank IV American medium tank with a battle rating of 7.0 (AB/RB) and 6.7 (SB). It is one of the first American tanks to be released with the American ground tree in Update 1.45 "Steel Generals". It is a premium variant of the M46 Patton, the differences being the paint job of a tiger cat on the front, drawn up by its crew during the Korean War, the lack of a HEAT-Cage around the turret and it being Rank IV instead of Rank V. It costs 6,090 Golden Eagles.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Front)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Side, Rear, Roof)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 101.6 mm (42-46°) Front Glacis
162.5 mm (25-60°) Upper front glacis
76.2 mm (26-53°) Lower Glacis
76.2 mm Front
50.8 mm (0-9°) Rear
50.8 mm Top
22.2 mm (65°) Bottom
22.2 mm
Turret 101.6 mm (1-55°) Turret front
114.3 mm (1-84°) Gun mantlet
76.2 mm (3-54°) 76.2 mm (0-79°) 25.4 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 76.2 mm 25.4 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 25.4 mm thick.

Mobility

Mobility characteristic
Weight (tons) Add-on Armor
weight (tons)
Max speed (km/h)
43.8 N/A 53 (AB)
47 (RB/SB)
Engine power (horsepower)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 1,255 1,545
Realistic/Simulator 716 810
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Mode Stock Upgraded
Arcade 28.65 35.27
Realistic/Simulator 16.35 18.49

Armaments

Main armament

Main article: M3A1 (90 mm)
90 mm M3A1
Capacity Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
Stabilizer
70 -10°/+20° ±180° N/A
Turret rotation speed (°/s)
Mode Stock Upgraded Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
Arcade 15.17 20.9 25.4 28.1 29.9
Realistic 15.17 17.8 21.6 23.9 25.4
Reloading rate (seconds)
Stock Prior + Full crew Prior + Expert qualif. Prior + Ace qualif.
11.05 9.78 9.00 8.50
Ammunition
Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration in mm @ 90°
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m
M318 shot AP 192 191 179 165 152 139
M71 shell HE 13 13 13 13 13 13
M82 shot APCBC 170 169 164 151 138 127
M304 shot APCR 264 260 245 226 210 191
M332 shot APCR 271 270 245 217 192 170
M348 shell HEATFS 305 305 305 305 305 305
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay

in m:

Fuse sensitivity

in mm:

Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
0% 50% 100%
M318 shot AP 853 11 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M71 shell HE 823 11 0.1 0.5 925 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M82 shot APCBC 853 11 1.2 20 137.2 +4° 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot APCR 1021 7.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M332 shot APCR 1178 5.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M348 shell HEATFS 853 6.5 0.0 0.1 926.17 +0° 65° 72° 75°
Smoke characteristic
Ammunition Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in g
(TNT equivalent):
M313 821 11 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M46 Patton.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
70 61 (+9) (+69) no

Turret empty: 61 (+9)

Machine guns

12.7 mm M2HB
Pintle mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
1,000 (200) 577 -10°/+50° ±120°
7.62 mm M1919A4
Coaxial mount
Capacity (Belt capacity) Fire rate
(shots/minute)
Vertical
guidance
Horizontal
guidance
4,900 (250) 500 N/A N/A

Usage in the battles

The tank plays almost like the M26 Pershing, it's relatively fast for its size yet has a very powerful gun. In comparison, the M46 Patton features improved maneuverability with increased acceleration, it also has a better gun to combat the foes it will face at its rank. Due to this, the M46 Patton can fit into multiple roles like the Pershing as an offensive or supporting unit. Attack and flank enemy units with cooperation of allied units to get their more vulnerable sides.

The M46 "Tiger" Patton is very fast and maneuverable, allowing it to get to flank spots and wait for the enemy to expose their side armour, therefore allowing an effective killing blow. Alternatively it can be played as a support tank to support heavies in their attack towards the objective.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Has exceptional speed/agility.
  • Rear-mounted transmission.
  • Neutral steering.
  • Low profile.
  • Excellent Gun Depression of -10°.
  • Powerful machine guns (12.7 Browning/.50BMG and 7.62 Browning/.30-06), which can penetrate certain weakly armoured vehicles without the usage of the main gun.
  • Earns more RP/Lions than its non-premium counterpart.
  • If using HEATFS, its 90mm cannon can penetrate nearly anything.

Cons

  • Turret ring is prone to breaking.
  • Armour can easily be pierced by other tanks at its rank.
  • Elevation gear is slow.
  • Struggles to penetrate many opponents from the front without HEATFS.
  • Agility and lack of a stabilizer make shooting on the move difficult.

History

Development

The M46 Patton came about around the time of the Korean War. Before that, the US Army armoured units consisted of two tanks, the venerable M4 Shermans and the newer M26 Pershings. Of the two, the Pershing was originally classified as a heavy tank as it weighed 41.7 tons compared to the Sherman's 30 ton weight, but a reorganization had the M26 Pershing classified a medium tank after World War II. It proved unsuitable for the role as its mobility was unsatisfactory for that role, using the same Sherman engine, plus an unreliable transmission, to propel a vehicle ten tons heavier.

Work began in January 1948 to upgrade the Pershing's mobility with a new engine and transmission. The project was initially designated the M26E2, but as newer upgrades and more modifications are installed onto the tank, it began to feel more like a completely new design rather than a Pershing upgrade, so it was decided to give the model a completely new designation. The end result was the Pershing tank mounting the mentioned upgrades, plus a new power plant and gun with a bore evacuator to expunge propellant fumes. This model was designated the M46 Patton, named after General George S. Patton, the commander of the US Third Army and played a role in the establishment of American tank forces. The rebuilding of the tanks began in November 1949 and had 1,160 Pershings rebuilt into M46s, 800 to the standard variant and 360 to the M46A1, which had better brakes, a cooling and fire protection system, a new engine and transmission, and better electrical equipments.

Combat usage

The M46 saw combat only during the Korean War. The first batch arrived on August 8, 1950 to the 6th Tank Battalion and proved superior to the North Korean and Chinese T-34-85s. About 200 M46 Pattons arrive to Korea by the end of 1950, making up 15% of the American armoured strength, though the majority was still the M4 Shermans. By 1951, all M26 Pershings in Korea were withdrawn and replaced by the M46 Pattons, and eventually the Shermans were also reequipped with the newer tanks as well. The 73rd Tank Battalion, formed in 1949 as a heavy tank battallion, was equipped with the M46 Pattons and deployed in Korea during the conflict. They painted their tanks with a colorful picture of a tiger cat around February or March of 1951 in an act of psychological warfare. This was due to the superstitious the North Koreans and the Chinese have on the cats, as the tigers were regarded as the king of mountains and forests, and it was believed that the image may scare off some of their highly superstitious soldiers. When the armistice was finally made, ending the conflict in the Korean Peninsula, the M46 Pattons were withdrawn back to the state.

By the later parts of the 1950s, the M46 Pattons in American service still were being replaced by the newer M47 Pattons and those still in the inventory were leased for no cost to Belgium, France, and Italy for training purposes, sending American instructors to train the European crews and maintenance personnel.

Legacy

The M46 Patton was the solution to the evident problem with the M26 Pershing that kept it out of most of World War II with its low mobility compared to the lighter M4 Shermans. A total redesign had to be made to the tank in order to finally be useful in the battlefield, even in the rough terrain of Korea. The design would continue to stay in service for a few more year as the M47 Patton, which gave the M46 Patton hull a new turret and featured newer tank technology for the evolving battlefield. The M47 Patton would see service with many other countries in and out of NATO in different conflicts around the world.

Media

An excellent addition to the article will be video guides, as well as screenshots from the game and photos.

Read also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example,

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

ETC.

Sources

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


USA medium tanks
Early projects  Medium Tank M2
M3  Medium Tank M3 Lee · Cruiser Tank Grant I · M4A5 Ram II
M4  Medium Tank M4 Sherman · Rocket Launcher T34 Calliope · Medium Tank M4A1 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A1 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 Sherman · Medium Tank M4A2 (76) W Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (105) HVSS Sherman · Medium Tank M4A3 (76) W HVSS Sherman
M26  T20 · Medium Tank T25 · Medium Tank M26 Pershing · Medium Tank M26 T99 · Medium Tank M26E1
Post-war  Medium Tank M46 Patton · Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion) · 90 mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II · Medium Tank T95E1
MBT  90 mm Gun Tank M48A1 Patton III · 105 mm Gun Tank M60 · 105 mm Gun Tank M60A1 (AOS) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked 105-mm Gun M60A1 RISE (Passive) · 152 mm Gun Tank M60A2 · 152-mm Gun-Launcher Main Battle Tank 70 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 152-mm Gun/Launcher XM-803 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (GM) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (Chrysler) · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun M1 · Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 105-mm Gun IPM1
Israeli  Magach 3

USA premium ground vehicles
Light tanks  Light Tank M2A4 (1st Arm.Div.) · Light Tank M3A1 Stuart (USMC) · Light Armored Car M8 · M5A1 Stuart (5th Canadian Armored Division) · T18E2 "Boarhound"
Medium tanks  Cruiser Tank Grant I · M4A5 Ram II · Rocket Launcher T34 Calliope · T20 · Medium Tank M26 T99 · Medium Tank M26E1 · Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion) · Magach 3 · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (GM) · Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105-mm Gun XM-1 (Chrysler) · T54E1
Heavy tanks  Assault Tank T14 · Assault Tank M4A3E2 Jumbo “Cobra King” · Heavy Tank T29 · Heavy Tank T30
Tank destroyers  75 mm Gun Motor Carriage M8 · M18 Gun Motor Carriage “Black Cat” · M18 90-mm Gun Motor Carriage · Super Heavy Tank T28 · T114