Bretagne

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Rank IV USSR | Premium | Golden Eagles
Tu-1 Pack
Bretagne
fr_battleship_bretagne_class_bretagne.png
GarageImage Bretagne.jpg
Bretagne
AB RB SB
6.7 6.7 6.7
Class:
Research:380 000 Specs-Card-Exp.png
Purchase:990 000 Specs-Card-Lion.png
Show in game

Description

The Bretagne-class, Bretagne, 1925 is a rank VI French battleship with a battle rating of 6.7 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced in Update "Alpha Strike".

The Bretagne (Brittany) class battleships are France's first and only class of super-dreadnoughts, and the only completed French battleships to mount 34 cm guns, roughly equivalent to the 343 & 356 mm guns of contemporary super-dreadnoughts.

General info

Survivability and armour

Armourfront / side / back
Citadel40 / 250 / 40 mm
Main fire tower300 / 210 / 360 mm
Hull25 mm (steel)
Superstructure16 mm (steel)
Number of section9
Displacement25 000 t
Crew1 250 people

Talk about the vehicle's armour. Note the most well-defended and most vulnerable zones, e.g. the ammo magazine. Evaluate the composition of components and assemblies responsible for movement and manoeuvrability. Evaluate the survivability of the primary and secondary armaments separately. Don't forget to mention the size of the crew, which plays an important role in fleet mechanics. Save tips on preserving survivability for the "Usage in battles" section. If necessary, use a graphical template to show the most well-protected or most vulnerable points in the armour.

Mobility

Speedforward / back
AB46 / 29 km/h
RB40 / 25 km/h

Write about the ship's mobility. Evaluate its power and manoeuvrability, rudder rerouting speed, stopping speed at full tilt, with its maximum forward and reverse speed.

Mobility Characteristics
Game Mode Upgrade Status Maximum Speed (km/h) Turn Time (s) Turn Radius (m)
Forward Reverse
AB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 46 29
RB/SB Stock ___ ___
Upgraded 40 25

Modifications and economy

Repair costBasic → Reference
AB26 310 → 33 045 Sl icon.png
RB32 365 → 40 650 Sl icon.png
Total cost of modifications292 000 Rp icon.png
445 000 Sl icon.png
Talisman cost2 300 Ge icon.png
Crew training280 000 Sl icon.png
Experts990 000 Sl icon.png
Aces2 000 Ge icon.png
Research Aces830 000 Rp icon.png
Reward for battleAB / RB / SB
450 / 600 / 100 % Sl icon.png
208 / 208 / 208 % Rp icon.png
Modifications
Seakeeping Unsinkability Firepower
Mods new ship hull.png
Dry-Docking
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship rudder.png
Rudder Replacement
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship screw.png
Propeller Replacement
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship engine.png
Engine Maintenance
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
720 Ge icon.png
Mods ship damage control crew.png
Damage Control Division
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods ship fire control crew.png
Fire Division
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png
Mods ship anti fragmentation protection.png
Shrapnel Protection
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods ship venting.png
Ventilation
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new ship pumps.png
New Pumps
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
720 Ge icon.png
Mods ship ammo wetting.png
Ammo Wetting
Research:
32 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
49 000 Sl icon.png
720 Ge icon.png
Mods new aa caliber turrets.png
Anti-Air Armament Targeting
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
340 mm 1912 APC
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
138.6 mm 1910 SAP
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods new aux caliber turrets.png
Auxiliary Armament Targeting
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
138.6 mm 1921 common SAP
Research:
16 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
25 000 Sl icon.png
360 Ge icon.png
Mods new main caliber turrets.png
Primary Armament Targeting
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods tank ammo.png
340 mm 1921 APCBC
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png
Mods ship rangefinder.png
Improved Rangefinder
Research:
12 000 Rp icon.png
Cost:
18 000 Sl icon.png
270 Ge icon.png

Armament

Primary armament

5 х Turret2 x 340 mm/45 model 1912 gun
Ammunition200 rounds
Vertical guidance-5° / 23°

Provide information about the characteristics of the primary armament. Evaluate their efficacy in battle based on their reload speed, ballistics and the capacity of their shells. Add a link to the main article about the weapon: {{main|Weapon name (calibre)}}. Broadly describe the ammunition available for the primary armament, and provide recommendations on how to use it and which ammunition to choose.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
1,000 m 2,500 m 5,000 m 7,500 m 10,000 m 15,000 m
OEA Mle 1926 HE HE 68 68 68 68 68 68
OPF Mle 1912 APC APC 472 424 355 301 258 203
OPF Mle 1921 APCBC APCBC 493 457 403 359 321 267
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(s)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
OEA Mle 1926 HE HE 855 382 0 0.1 34.4 79° 80° 81°
OPF Mle 1912 APC APC 795 540 0.025 20 24.18 48° 63° 71°
OPF Mle 1921 APCBC APCBC 794 555 0.025 20 24.18 48° 63° 71°

Secondary armament

18 х Turret138.6 mm/55 model 1910 gun
Ammunition275 rounds

Some ships are fitted with weapons of various calibres. Secondary armaments are defined as weapons chosen with the control Select secondary weapon. Evaluate the secondary armaments and give advice on how to use them. Describe the ammunition available for the secondary armament. Provide recommendations on how to use them and which ammunition to choose. Remember that any anti-air armament, even heavy calibre weapons, belong in the next section. If there is no secondary armament, remove this section.

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
1,000 m 2,500 m 5,000 m 7,500 m 10,000 m 15,000 m
OEA Mle 1919 HE HE 36 36 36 36 36 36
OPF Mle 1910 SAP Common 67 49 34 34 34 34
OPF Mle 1921 SAPBC SAPBC 73 62 47 35 34 34
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(s)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive mass
(TNT equivalent) (kg)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
OEA Mle 1919 HE HE 840 31.5 0 0.1 3.41 79° 80° 81°
OPF Mle 1910 SAP Common 830 36.5 0.05 6 2.93 47° 60° 65°
OPF Mle 1921 SAPBC SAPBC 790 39.5 0.05 6 2.93 48° 63° 71°

Anti-aircraft armament

4 х Turret75 mm/50 Canet model 1891 cannon
Ammunition250 rounds

An important part of the ship's armament responsible for air defence. Anti-aircraft armament is defined by the weapon chosen with the control Select anti-aircraft weapons. Talk about the ship's anti-air cannons and machine guns, the number of guns and their positions, their effective range, and about their overall effectiveness – including against surface targets. If there are no anti-aircraft armaments, remove this section.

Additional armament

Setup 124 x 45 cm 1909R torpedo
Main article: 1909R (450 mm)

Describe the available additional armaments of the ship: depth charges, mines, torpedoes. Talk about their positions, available ammunition and launch features such as dead zones of torpedoes. If there is no additional armament, remove this section.

Usage in battles

Describe the technique of using this ship, the characteristics of her use in a team and tips on strategy. Abstain from writing an entire guide – don't try to provide a single point of view, but give the reader food for thought. Talk about the most dangerous opponents for this vehicle and provide recommendations on fighting them. If necessary, note the specifics of playing with this vehicle in various modes (AB, RB, SB).

Pros and cons

Summarise and briefly evaluate the vehicle in terms of its characteristics and combat effectiveness. Mark its pros and cons in the bulleted list. Try not to use more than 6 points for each of the characteristics. Avoid using categorical definitions such as "bad", "good" and the like - use substitutions with softer forms such as "inadequate" and "effective".

Pros:

Cons:

History

By 1910, the previously competitive French Navy was considerably behind major naval powers such as Britain, Germany & the USA in terms of capital ships, having not yet laid down a single dreadnought type warship whilst the Kaiserliche Marine had built 8 dreadnoughts and a battlecruiser, the United States Navy had built 6 dreadnoughts and the Royal Navy had built 10 dreadnoughts and 5 battlecruisers, and that's ignoring the additional capital ships the nations also had under construction at the time. Even the Imperial Russian Navy had four of its first dreadnought class under construction at the time and Brazil owned two dreadnoughts which Britain had finished construction of that same year. It was only in late 1910 that the first of the 4 French Courbet class dreadnoughts had been laid down, meanwhile other major powers were continually producing and planning yet more capital ships.

In an attempt to reverse France's current naval inferiority, the government authorised an ambitious naval program in March 1912, calling for a force of 28 modern battleships to be completed within the next 8 years, starting with the new Bretagne class of 3 super-dreadnoughts, all laid down that same year.

Provence, of the Bretagne class, sailing during the First World War

To compete with the designs of contemporary battleships, the Bretagne class required 340 mm guns over the prior 305 mm of the Courbet class, but within a hull based on that of the Courbet so that it would still fit France's limited dockyards, necessitating 5 turrets rather than the 6 of the Courbet. However, the Bretagne placed all of its main turrets on the centreline, retaining the 10 gun broadside of the Courbet, which used two wing-turrets.

The three ships of the class were completed just prior to the outbreak of the First World War, though a fourth ship ordered by Greece was never completed. The ships spent the majority of the war in port while guarding the Adriatic from potential Austro-Hungarian incursions, as well as being used to intimidate Greece, which was leaning toward supporting Germany. Through the interwar years, the three ships received sporadic refits and conducted training cruises. During the Spanish Civil War, Bretagne & Provence joined non-intervention patrols off the Spanish coast.

Following the start of the Second World War, the ships initially didn't see any action outside of escorting several convoys. However, after the Fall of France, Force H of the Royal Navy accosted the majority of the French Navy in the harbour of Mers-el-Kébir in July 1940, delivering an ultimatum which suggested various ways for the French fleet to be interned by or integrated with the Royal Navy to prevent the Axis from having any chance of seizing the ships and overwhelming the British Mediterranean Fleet. Failure to comply with the ultimatum would result in Force H attempting to destroy the French Fleet in the port, which included Bretagne and Provence.

After several hours of negotiations, no agreement was reached and the warships of Force H initiated hostilities upon the French fleet. Within minutes, Bretagne was struck by two 381 mm shells from the third salvo of HMS Hood, HMS Resolution & HMS Valiant, one blasting a hole in the hull with a fiery explosion, causing flooding, and the other destroying the centre engine room. 7 minutes later, another two 381 mm shells hit, which was shortly followed by a catastrophic ammunition detonation that rocked the ship, causing it to roll over and sink. Meanwhile, Provence had begun returning fire on Force H about 90 seconds after the British opened fire, but scored no hits and was then subsequently hit by several 381 mm shells, igniting blazing fires onboard and tearing open the hull, allowing vast quantities of water to flood in, eventually sinking the ship to the bottom of the harbour.

Bretagne on fire and flooding after being struck by two 381mm shells, shortly prior to detonation

Following the attack, though Bretagne was a lost cause, Provence was raised from the seabed. The ship was somewhat repaired and transferred to Toulon, where it stayed until being scuttled in 1942 to keep the Germans from using it.

Meanwhile, whilst all that had been going on, Lorraine had been interned in Alexandria since the Fall of France. In 1942, the crew of the ship decided to join the navy of Free France and the ship served as a training vessel though 1943. The ship then received a major refit before participating in Operation Dragoon of 1944 as an artillery support ship during the landings. The last action of the ship during war was the bombardment of German forts in northern France in March 1945.

Following the war, the Lorraine became a gunnery training ship and then a barracks ship before being decommissioned in 1953 and sold to scrappers. What was left of Bretagne was raised and scrapped in 1952, while the hulk of Provence was raised and scrapped in 1949.

Media

Excellent additions to the article would be video guides, screenshots from the game, and photos.

See also

Links to articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the ship;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


Arsenal de Brest
Light Cruisers 
Duguay-Trouin-class  Duguay-Trouin · Primauguet
Heavy Cruisers 
Suffren-class  Colbert · Dupleix
Battleships 
Bretagne-class  Bretagne

France battleships
Courbet-class  Courbet · Paris
Bretagne-class  Bretagne · Lorraine