ZSU-57-2

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The ZSU-57-2 in the Garage.

The ZSU-57-2 is a Rank V Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft vehicle with a battle rating of 7.7. It was introduced in Update 1.43. Two 57 mm cannon placed in an anti-aircraft format on a T-54 chassis, the ZSU-57-2 has proven to be more of a menace to ground vehicles than aircraft with its high-velocity cannons, but low sustained rate of fire.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Versatile in the anti-aircraft and anti-tank role this heavily modified T-54 chassis delivers two heavy 57mm punches. You can use it for two roles.

AAA
As an SPAA this should be your first course of action. Find a safe location from enemy ground vehicles, lay in wait and open fire on any enemies when they are in range. The powerful 57 mm cannons will tear apart any aircraft from the sky in 1-5 direct hits. Big downside is that your gunner crew are exposed to strafing aircraft and can easily be taken out by aircraft machine gun/cannon fire, so it is important to first prioritize aircraft which appear to be targeting you.

Tank Destroyer
Using your 57 mm cannons on a ground attack role is possible and have been exploited by many players. Using BR-281U ammo you can effectively pierce the side and rear of any tank (excluding the Maus). Remember the ZSU-57-2's armour does not compare to other tanks armor so one shot could be end of your SPAA. Play cat-and-mouse and wait for the enemy to go into an engagement with another target and then jump out into the open and fire upon them while they are distracted. You should first aim for their rear to disable their engine and cause a fire, they will have to stop what they are doing and put it out. During this time they won't be able to move or fire upon you allowing you to finish off the crewmen inside by unloading your cannons into the side of the enemy tank.

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Effective Multi-role Weaponry (able to fight tanks)
  • Excellent turret rotation speed
  • 57 mm guns will destroy or cripple aircraft with one hit, and can heavily damage tanks if rounds penetrate
  • Very High Penetration for SPAA (approximately 122mm using default ammunition)
  • Leopard's worst nightmare

Cons:

  • Large vehicle size
  • Very vulnerable turret (ammo on all sides of turret+very thin armour)
  • Crew is very crowded in turret (1 shot has the potential to knock out 5 crew members with ease)
  • Reverse is only decent
  • Shells have bad accuracy in consecutive shots when "Adjustment of fire" modification is not researched

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

2 x 57 mm S-68 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 248 Shells (4 rounds magazine each gun)
  • Fire Rate: 120 Shots per minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 35.7°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 2.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
2 x 57 mm S-68 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 248 Shells (4 rounds magazine each gun)
  • Fire Rate: 120 Shots per minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 35.7°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 2.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
2 x 57 mm S-68 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 248 Shells (4 rounds magazine each gun)
  • Fire Rate: 120 Shots per minute
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 85°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 35.7°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 2.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-281 121 119 106 91 78 68 APHE 1000 2.8 1.2 15 22.1 -1° 43° 30° 25°
BR-281U 142 140 116 91 72 56 AP-T 1000 2.8 N/A N/A N/A -1° 43° 30° 25°
OR-281U 4 4 4 4 4 4 HEFI-T 1000 2.8 0.4 0.1 153 +0° 11° 10°
Belt types
Belts Shell composition Tips and usage
Default APHE – HEFI-T 50% of this belt are useless against tanks or planes. However against other SPAA this belt can reliably take out crew, armament, ammo and engine. Having one belt in reserve does not hurt.
BR-281 APHE Intermidiate usage until the better BR-281U rounds can be used. Decent enough versus light to medium tanks from the sides and rear.
BR-281U AP-T – HEFI-T Best penetrating rounds for the vehicle. At this Rank, the round is useful against moderately armoured tanks even from the front.
OR-281U HEFI-T Versus planes. One or two hits usually gets the job done. Heavy armoured attackers and bombers may require more though.

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the ZSU-57-2.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
62 56 (+6) 50 (+12) 42 (+20) 36 (+26) 28 (+34) 22 (+40) 14 (+48) (+54) (+61) Turret empty:  () yes

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner x2
  • Loader x2
  • Driver

Total: 6 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 13.5 mm (61°) Front glacis
15 mm (53°) Lower glacis
15 mm 10 mm (17-49°) Top
6 mm (73°) Bottom
15 mm
Turret 15 mm (14-57°) Turret front
15 mm (25-64°) Gun mantlet
13.5 mm (9-61°) 13.5 mm (4-59°) N/A

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 13.5 mm thick.
  • A 6 mm RHA plate separates the engine compartment from the crew.
  • Hatches and air intake are 6 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 28.0 ton

Max Speed: 54 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 739 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 26.39 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 28.0 ton

Max Speed: 50 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 460 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.43 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 36°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 28.0 ton

Max Speed: 50 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 460 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.43 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 36°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The course of World War II revealed to the Soviets how dangerous the air power has become to their ground forces. It was determined that the best method of fighting these aircraft was to have ready vehicles in the front-lines with dedicated anti-aircraft roles to take out these assault aircraft. Experiences from other countries, such as the United States with their M3 half-tracks equipped with anti-aircraft armament and Germany with their Wirbelwind and Ostwind anti-aircraft vehicles showed that the role of the self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) makes a positive effect on the battlefield for the protection of the ground forces. The Soviet development of SPAAGs came as simple, truck-mounted weapons and armoured variants of SPAAG were scarce to begin. The first put into production was the ZSU-37, which did not see the majority of World War II as it was put into production on February 1945 and production lasted only until 1948 and retired not long after that. The single 37 mm gun on the ZSU-37 was also reported on no longer being efficient against aircraft, so a major development project was initiated for a new SPAAG in Soviet service.

Few projects were started on the SPAAG concept following right after World War II. One was just a BTR-152 armoured personnel carrier armed with two or four 14.5 mm KPV heavy machine guns. About two different vehicle development was made for the SPAAG role, designated the ZTPU-2 and ZTPU-4. Development, while slow at first, took up a large focus after the realization that the Soviet Union's enemy, the United States, posses a large air force power that could take the air supremacy of the battlefield anywhere. This causes the Soviets to begin investing in a SPAAG in order to fight against this. The first of such was in February 1946 where the design bureau at Works No. 174 at Omsk along with Research Institute No. 58 at Kaliningrad submitted their joint design of a SPAAG based off the T-34 chassis. The design had four 37 mm AA guns attached, but the design did not proceed as new tank production at the time had the High Command prioritize on the new tank chassis that was going to be produced.

Research Institute No. 58 during this time developed a twin 57 mm anti-aircraft gun under the guidance of Vasiliy G. Grabin. The 57 mm gun was based off the previous 57 mm S-60 gun from 1947 and the new one was called the S-68, which was ready by 1948. This armament is then chosen to be mounted onto the new SPAAG project currently known as Object 500, but the designation for such vehicle would be called ZSU-57-2 ("57" for the armament caliber and "2" for the twin armament). The project design finished in 1948 with the S-68 gun mounted onto the new T-54 tank chassis. The first prototype was completed in June 1950 and testings for the vehicle lasted from 27 January 1951 to 15 March 1951, which had the vehicle drive 1,500 km and fire 2,000 rounds. More prototypes were built for testings and had improvements built into their design such as more ammunition storage. Service update tests started in 1954 after much delays in deliveries of the S-68 guns and parts for it, but the ZSU-57-2 was finally put into service in 14 February 1955. First vehicles were completed by 1957 and a total of 2,023 ZSU-57-2s were completed by the time production ended in the end of the 1950s.

Design

The ZSU-57-2 used a modified T-54 chassis for its basis, the T-54 chassis uses four road wheels per side rather than five and uses thinner armour. However, the interior is nearly the same as the T-54, with more space due to the thinned armour. There are three crew compartments in the tank, the driver in the front, the fighting in the middle, and the engine in the back. The driver's position has been moved slightly forward and to the left and has accommodations for an infrared vision device. The vehicle has a maximum road speed of 50 km/h and is considerably much faster than the T-54 due to the lighter weight while still powered by the same V-54 4-stroke diesel V12 engine.

The fighting compartment use an open-topped turret that mounted the dual 57 mm S-68 gun. The gun is aimed via a sighting system that is adjusted based on the target's speed, direction, and range by the sight adjuster crew member. While the speed and direction must be estimated, the range can be found via a rangefinder or estimated. Two loaders are needed to load the two gun and a gunner fires using a trigger that fires both barrels or one of two foot pedals that fire either barrel independently. The gun is able to reach a firing rate of 240 rounds per minute with, but the practical rate of fire is about 140 rpm to maximize the barrel cooling rate and firing sustainability. Shells available for the gun are fragmentation and armour-piercing tracer, the fragmentation comes with a safety-destructor that causes the shell to explode after a certain amount of time so the rounds does not come back to the surface and do harm. The 57 mm shells were considered to be the most powerful anti-aircraft armament at the time and can very quickly destroy an aircraft if a shell connects.

A huge disadvantage of the ZSU-57-2 was the lack of fire-control radar, so it must rely on optical vision in order to find and eliminate targets. A ZSU-57-2 battery of four vehicles was less effective than a battery of six towed 57 mm S-60 anti-aircraft guns due to the latter having a fire control radar. The reliance on radar has been due to the increased proficiency of jets, which makes estimation of distance and speed a very difficult process. Other disadvantages were its low firing rate due to the manual loading by loaders per gun, the air-cooled barrels heated up too quickly, and the turret traverse could not keep up with the newer and faster jet airplanes as well.

Combat usage

Entering service in 1955, the ZSU-57-2 replaced the older BTR-40As and BTR-152As in 1957 and was revealed to the public in November 1958 during a military parade. The ZSU-57-2 were issued out to tank regiments in one battery, which contained four ZSU-57-2s. This was later changed to two batteries per regiment, increasing the number of SPAAGs available. Some ZSU-57-2s saw service in motor rifle regiments as well as one battery. Despite its superior armament, the ZSU-57-2's performance among the newer aircraft technology along with jets causes the ZSU-57-2 to be considered unsatisfactory and obsolete by early 1960s, but stayed until early 1970s as it was replaced by the ZSU-23-4 Shikas, which has radar-guided abilities. The remaining ZSU-57-2s were put into reserves, storage, repurposed into other roles, or scrapped.

Like many Soviet hardware, the ZSU-57-2 was also given out to the Soviet allies in the Warsaw Pact. Countries that bought the ZSU-57-2 range from Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Cuba, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Syria, North Korea, and North Vietnam. These countries used the ZSU-57-2 to a greater extent than the Soviets did. East Germany was the first foreign operator to own the ZSU-57-2, whom received 129 vehicles. Poland also received 129 units as well. Yugoslavia ordered 100 units, Slovenia owned a few for the 44th Armoured-mechanized battalion, Finland imported 12 unit, and Cuba received 25 units during the missile crisis in 1962. Iraq, Iran, and Egypt ordered a 100 units for deliveries, their use in conflicts would also end with the Israelis owning a few as well. North Korea developed their own units by using the Chinese Type 59 (copy of the Soviet T-54) tank chassis and bought the turrets to mount on them, about 250 were made like this. China attempted to make a copy of the ZSU-57-2 for Iraq by their request, which became the Type 80 SPAAG, though China is more well known for modernizing the S-68 ammunition.

The ZSU-57-2 saw use in many Cold-War conflict in the hands of foreign operators. It saw action in the Vietnam War by the North Vietnamese and was used as air-defense for tank regiments and against ground targets. The ZSU-57-2 also saw conflicts in the Middle East such as in the Six Day War and Yom Kippur War against Israel by Syria and Egypt. These were used to defend the El-Arish airstrip, but they were not very successful and many were captured by the Israelis. Syria also used the vehicle again in the Lebanon War of 1982 against Israel, where they failed against the Israeli air force, but fair much better against ground targets. Iraq and Iran used the ZSU-57-2 against each other in the Iran-Iraq War, though Iraqi forces had access to Chinese copies and the benefit of radio information for their vehicles. Iraqi ZSU-57-2s also saw use in the Gulf War against the United States coalition where it manages to successfully shoot down a Tornado GR1 aircraft by the British, three more were reported to be heavily damaged as well. The Iraqi still used them up until the Second Gulf War. The ZSU-57-2s were used by many factions in the Yugoslav Wars and had air defense roles against the NATO air raids. The most recent usage of the ZSU-57-2 is in the Syrian Civil War, where 10 are still active in the Syrian Army, these are probably used exclusively against ground targets today.

Ingame description

@var:description

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the ZSU-57-2: Search-terms "ZSU572", "ZSU57" and "ZSU_57_2" all from live.warthunder.com.

Videos

Soviet documentary on the 57 mm anti-aircraft weaponry at hand, even the ZSU-57-2.





Additional information (links)

References


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ussr_zsu_57_2.png

Icon-country-sov.png ZSU-57-2
Nation USSR
Type SPAA
Rank 5
Battle Rating
7.7
7.7
7.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
28,000 kg
61,729 lb
Number of Crew 6
Hull armour thickness
13.5/15/10/15 mm
0.53/0.59/0.39/0.59 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
739 hp
460 hp
460 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
___ hp
520 hp
520 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
26.39
26.82
16.43
16.69
16.43
16.69
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
__.__
__.__
18.57
18.87
18.57
18.87
Max speed
54 km/h
34 mph
50 km/h
31 mph
50 km/h
31 mph
Main Weapon
2 x 57 mm S-68 Autocannon
Ammo stowage 296 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/85°
Economy
Required RP 160,000 RP
Vehicle cost 390,000 SL
Crew training cost 110,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,600 SL
1,500 SL
1,800 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
3d 19h
7d
7d
Free repair time (Upgraded)
_d __h
_d __h
_d __h
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.75.0.221.