Valentine Mk XI

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Valentine Mk XI in the garage.

The Valentine Mk XI is a Rank II British medium tank with a battle rating of 3.0. It was released along with the initial British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour".

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Rank 1 guns will have difficulty penetrating this tank. However, a larger caliber gun will make short work of this tank by simply shooting the driver's hatch. If in possession of a gun unable to penetrate from the front, flanking around to the sides or rear could also work. Once towards the Valentine's rear, repeat this process by running circles around this vehicle and setting it on fire again until it burns down. It's a dirty tactic, but it works.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good gun with a fast reload.
  • Good Hull and Turret armour.
  • Almost impenetrable when angled.
  • Rear mounted transmission.
  • Strong in low tear games.

Cons:

  • Small three man crew.
  • Quite slow.
  • Frontal driver viewport is quite weak.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 75 mm QF Mk.V cannon (45 Rounds)
1 x 7.92 mm BESA machine gun (1,574 Rounds)

Main armament

1 x 75 mm QF Mk.V cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 45 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.5°/s (Stock), 13.2°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 75 mm QF Mk.V cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 45 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.5°/s (Stock), 11.2°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 75 mm QF Mk.V cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 45 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.5°/s (Stock), 11.2°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 0° Angle of Attack Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M72 shot 110 109 92 76 62 51 AP 619 6.3 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M48 shell 10 10 10 10 10 10 HE 463 6.3 0.4 0.5 666 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M61 shot 93 91 84 75 67 61 APCBC 618 6.8 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Valenting Mk XI.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
45 37 (+8) 28 (+17) 19 (+26) 10 (+35) (+44) Keep full Yes

Secondary armament

  • 1 x 7.92 mm BESA machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander/Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 3 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 60 mm Front plate
30 mm (66-68°) Front glacis
20 mm (72°), 60 mm (22°) Lower glacis
50 mm (57-58°) Top
20 mm (65°), 60 mm Bottom
17 mm 20 mm
Turret 65 mm (0-66°) Turret front
65 mm (0-62°) Gun mantlet
60 mm 65 mm (1-57°) 20 mm

Note:

  • Suspension wheels and bogies are 15 mm thick, while tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 20 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 18.0 ton

Max Speed: 26.7 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 256 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.22 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 315 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 17.50 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 18.0 ton

Max Speed: 24 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 146 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 8.11 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 165 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 9.17 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 18.0 ton

Max Speed: 24 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 146 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 8.11 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 165 hp @ 1850 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 9.17 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal drive
II Suspension, Brake system FPE Adjustment of fire, M61 shot
III Filters Crew replenishment Elevation mechanism, Smoke grenade
IV Transmission, Engine Artillery support

Recommendation:
As per usual,"Parts" and "FPE" should be the focus first for modifications to increase combat survivability. Everything else is fair game after you get those two.

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The experiences taken from the development of the A9, A10 cruiser tanks and the A11 infantry tank prompted Vickers-Armstrongs to begin development of a new tank. As a private venture, the design did not receive any designations from the British General Staff during its creation. The designing of the tank focused on the tank having the weight of a cruiser, but with the armour comparable to the infantry tanks. The basis was to have the vehicle with 60 mm of frontal armour and a 2-pounder gun in a two-man turret. To make it as light as possible, it was small and featured a cramped interior. The design used features taken from the A9 and A10 tanks so the design was easier to produce and cheaper to make. Vickers unveiled the design to War Office at February 10, 1938. While they initially viewed it unfavorably for its tiny two-man turret, they took it in April 1939 due to the growing tense situation in Europe with Nazi Germany, with the first order coming in May 1940 after the losses suffered by the British Expeditionary Forces in the Battle of France. The name Valentine was given to the tank sometime between its introduction to War Office and its adoption. The origin of the name is disputed, some say it was due to its introduction on February 14 in 1938 or 1940, other say it was the middle name of Sir John V. Carden, who helped design the Valentine's predecessors. Other sources say it is a name from the Vickers' company full name (Vickers-Armstrong Ltd Elswick & [Newcastle-upon] Tyne), and David Fletcher from Bovington Tank Museum say that "Valentine" was a code name used by the company for its development.

The Valentine was put into service as quickly as possible under the designation Tank, Infantry, Mk.III. Vickers, Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage & Wagon, and Birmingham Railway Carriage & Wagon Company were all involved in the construction of this vehicle. During World War II, Canada was also contracted to build the Valentine to build up their own tank forces. The United Kingdom produced a total of 6,855 Valentines during the war between the three company while Canada built 1,420 Valentine tanks in their factories, for a total of 8,275 tanks produced, making the Valentine the most produced British tank in the entire war.

Variants

The Valentine is one of the most modified British tank in World War II, up to eleven variants were made during its entire production life.

  1. Mark I: The first one, it was built with a rivet construction, a 135 hp petrol engine, and a 2-pounder, but was not sent to combat due to mechanical problems.
  2. Mark II: Uses a 131 hp diesel engine and has an auxiliary fuel tank added to the left hull.
  3. Mark III: Has a slightly thinner side armour (60 mm to 50 mm) and a modified turret design, giving room for a loader in the tank, freeing the commander to do his job.
  4. Mark IV A modified Mk.II using an American 138 hp GMC diesel engine and an American-produced transmission, making the tank more reliable.
  5. Mark V: The same as Mk.IV, except using the Mk.III as the basis.
  6. Mark VI: A Canadian built Valentine, using Canadian and American parts and a GMC diesel engine, plus later switching the BESA machine gun into a Browning machine gun.
  7. Mark VII: A Canadian Mk.VI with a new radio set and a modified interior. Another Mk.VII named the Mark VIIA has jettisonable fuel tanks and new tracks, oil cooler, and headlights.
  8. Mark VIII: Uses a British AEC diesel engine and a modified turret to use the 6-pounder. The modification eliminated the coaxial machine gun from the design.
  9. Mark IX: A Mk.V modified to take the 6-pounder as well, but with an armour reduction. Later version also had a stronger 165 hp GMC diesel engine installed.
  10. Mark X: Features another modified turret design using the 6-pounder, but made it able to use a coaxial machine gun again and still uses the 165 hp diesel engine. Uses a welded construction
  11. Mark XI: The Mk.X using the QF 75 mm gun instead of a 6-pounder, with the 210 hp diesel engine. However, these tanks only served as a command tank in the battlefield. Uses a welded construction

Combat Usage

The Valentine mostly saw service in the North African Campaign, where the crew reported on it very favorable as a reliable and well-protected tank. The first unit who saw action with the Valentine was the 8th Royal Tank Regiment in Operation Crusader, where it was in the process of replacing the Matilda II. The reliability is expressed when some Valentine were reported to have traveled a distance of 4,800 kilometers by the time the British reached Tunisia. The Valentine tanks soon saw wide-spread use by mid-1941 when they were issued out widely to armoured regiments due to the lack of cruiser tanks available to fill in the ranks.

However, the biggest weakness of the Valentine tank is the lack of high-explosive rounds for the 2-pounder, a weakness suffered by every other tank using the 2-pounder. This and the 2-pounder's growing deficiency against tank armour was remedied by the usage of the 6-pounder on the Valentine after the Mark VIII version, and then the QF 75 mm gun. However, these larger guns were harder to mount on the small Valentine turret and made for a cramped interior, even removing the established loader's position made in an enlarge turret for the 2-pounder. By the time these larger guns were introduced for the tank, better tanks were being introduced, such as the Churchill heavy tanks from Britain and the M4 Shermans from the Americans. Despite the better tanks, the Valentine's low height is able to exploit small cover on the battlefield and take up a good hull-down position behind hills.

Some Valentines were sent to the Soviet Union as part of the Lend-Lease program, most of the Valentines came from Canada's production lines. The Valentines saw use from the time of Battle of Moscow in 1941 all the way until the end of the war, though the Valentines saw use more as a second-line tank due to its relative weakness. It was criticized for its slow speed and weak gun, but was liked for its small size, reliability, and armour protection and thus the Soviet Supreme Command continue asking for it and its production to continue until the end of the war.

By 1944, the Valentine is mostly taken out from the front-line services and replaced by the newer tanks. A few were retained for special purposes and command vehicles for Archer units, which is a tank destroyer based off the Valentine chassis. The tank continue to see use in the Pacific in limited numbers until May 1945 in the 3rd New Zealand Division, some had their armaments changed to the larger 3-inch howitzer to use it stronger high-explosive ammunition against the Japanese. New Zealand kept the normal and modified Valentines all the way until 1955. The last known combat usage of the Valentine was on Cyprus in early 1960s when a turret-less Valentine was used by the Greek militia, added with a make-shift armour and a machine gunner position with a Bren gun.

Survivors

About forty Valentines and vehicles based off the Valentine chassis exist in various conditions in the world. Valentines in running condition exist in the Bovington Tank Museum and in private hands in New Zealand and United Kingdom. The Valentines survivors can be seen in UK, Canada, Belgium, France, Russia, Australia, and New Zealand.

Screenshots and fan art

Videos

Bovington Tank Museum Tank Chats: Valentine





Additional information (links)

References


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uk_valentine_mk_11.png

Icon-country-gbr.png Valentine Mk XI
Nation Britain
Type Medium tank
Rank 2
Battle Rating
3.0
3.0
3.0

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
18,000 kg
39,683 lb
Number of Crew 3
Hull armour thickness
60/50/17/20 mm
2.36/1.97/0.67/0.79 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
256 hp
146 hp
146 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
315 hp
165 hp
165 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
14.22
14.45
8.11
8.24
8.11
8.24
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
17.50
17.78
9.17
9.31
9.17
9.31
Max speed
26.7 km/h
16.6 mph
24.0 km/h
14.9 mph
24.0 km/h
14.9 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 75 mm OQF Mk.V Cannon
Ammo stowage 45 rounds
Vertical guidance -12°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.92 mm BESA Machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,574 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 9,200 RP
Vehicle cost 22,000 SL
Crew training cost 6,300 SL
Max repair cost*
740 SL
690 SL
600 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
1h 57m
2h 53m
2h 14m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
39m
57m
44m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.77.2.149.