Type 95 Ha-Go

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Ha-Go' in the garage.

The Type 95 Ha-Go is a reserve Rank I Japanese light tank with a battle rating of 1.0. It was introduced in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai" along with the initial set of the Japanese Ground Forces Tree.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

The Type 95 Ha-Go is a smallish, but nimble tank for beginners to the Japanese tech tree. The Ha-Go is equipped with an alright 37 mm cannon for it's Battle rating (Br), The tank is primarily a support tank, helping the larger tanks push forward. The armour is almost non existent on the tank, and all cannons and auto cannons can easily get through it. Always try to make use of the Ha-Go's gun depression, hiding your hull behind terrain and obstacles, while exposing only your turret to the enemy.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

As a light tank in a Rank I battle, the best overall tactic is to get the first jump on an enemy since the Ha-Go's gun is able to penetrate most tank's armour, yet everyone else's can also penetrate the Ha-Go. In an offensive, try to attack the enemy from a direction not covered to catch them by surprise, then exploit it by using the Ha-Go's mobility to keep moving around the enemy once it gets close so the enemy could not get an accurate bead on it. In a defensive, hold back and try to cover a single area of contact so the Ha-Go could dispel its fire on any enemy approaching.

Specific enemies worth noting

Literally anything can destroy the Type 95 Ha-Go, except maybe planes armed with 7.7mm guns. Be careful where you tread, check every corner and street. Your cannon has decent damage, but rather lacklustre muzzle velocity and penetration, so you'll need to get in close to deal with more armoured vehicles like the French reserve tanks. Beware tanks like the FCM 36, Char B1, Somua S35, M2 Medium, A15 Crusader mk. II, Pz.Kpfw. II ausf. C, Pz.Kpfw. II ausf. F and some cannon-armed SPAAs.

Counter-tactics

Like most tanks of its rank, armour is negligible and any cannon is deadly. The same is true for the Ha-Go; one or two good center-of-mass hits will kill it. Due to the arrangement of its crew, there will be rare instances when a bad shot cannot kill the crew. For a light tank of its tier, its speed is mediocre, slow compared to the Soviet BT-5 and BT-7, or the American M2A4 and M3 Stuart. As a result, it is not an ideal flanker and is not so commonly used in that role, so your flanks should be clear. If for some reason, you face the Ha-Go in an M2A2, most of the armour can be penetrated with a .50 cal. If you want to be precise, shoot the hull under where the turret is, as there will be a crew member there.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • 37 mm cannon equipped with APHE (Armour-Piercing High-Explosive) is enough to knock everything out of action
  • Excellent gun depression and elevation (-15˚ to 20˚)
  • BT-5 like speed (53 km/h on flat surface)
  • Decent horizontal turn rate (Average 11.2˚/s)
  • Tank is smaller than even the Panzer II, easy to hide behind cover.

Cons:

  • Weak armour (12.7mm machine guns are able to knock you out with ease)
  • Reverse speed is 5 km/h on any slope ground.
  • Three man crew which means that you can be killed by a single shot, maybe two if you're lucky
  • Turns are sluggish at any speed
  • 37mm gun quickly becomes outdated and ineffective after BR 1.3

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 37 mm Type 94 cannon (119 rounds)
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (3,000 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 37 mm Type 94 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 119 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -15°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.3°/s (Stock), 12.9°/s (Upgraded), 15.7°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 27.8°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), 3.8s (Full Crew), 3.5s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Type 94 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 119 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -15°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.3°/s (Stock), 11.0°/s (Upgraded), 13.3°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 14.8°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), 3.8s (Full Crew), 3.5s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Type 94 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 119 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -15°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 9.3°/s (Stock), 11.0°/s (Upgraded), 13.3°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 14.8°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), 3.8s (Full Crew), 3.5s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
Type 94 APHE 44 39 29 17 9 7 APHE 575 0.67 1.3 15 13 43° 30° 25°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Ha-Go
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
119 116 (+3) 107 (+12) 94 (+25) 89 (+30) 81 (+38) 49 (+70) (+129) Turret & Left empty: 89 (+30) No

Secondary armament

1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (Bow machine gun)

Crew

  • Commander/Gunner/Loader
  • Driver
  • Machine Gunner

Total: 3 Crew members

Armour

Armour Type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 12 mm Front plate
9 mm (73°) Front glacis
12 mm (17°) Joint plate
9 mm (69°) Lower glacis
12 mm 10 mm 9 mm Front
6 mm Rear
Turret 12 mm Turret front
30 mm Gun mantlet
12 mm 12 mm 12 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 12 mm 6 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are both 15 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 7.7 ton

Max Speed: 54 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 130 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.88 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 160 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.78 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 7.7 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 106 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 13.77 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 120 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 15.58 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 7.7 ton

Max Speed: 48 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 106 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 13.77 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 120 hp @ 1400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 15.58 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The deployment of the first Japanese domestic tank design, the Type 89 I-Go, gave the Japanese good insight on the improvement of their armoured force. One of the pressing issues of the Type 89 was that the tank was too slow to keep up with motorized infantry, restricting the operational range or advance of a combined-arm unit to only 40 kilometers. Another tank design being fielded by the Type 89, the Type 92 cavalry tank, had the speed that fixes this problem, but its armour was too thin and only had a heavy machine gun armament. Thus, development started in July 1933 on a tank able to fix these problem, with the specifications that the tank should weigh only 7.7 tons and armed with a 37 mm gun. With the same engine as the Type 89, but half of its weight, the new tank would have a faster road speed.[1]

The production of the designs was given to Mitsubishi, with a prototype produced and ready for trials in June 1934. The design was sent to Manchuria and performed cold weather trials in the Independent Mixed Brigade. These trials were positive and the second prototype design was built in June 1935 with improvements based on the trials. With a well-received performance of the design, it was accepted for service in the Imperial Japanese Army as the Type 95 Ha-Go light tank (Accepted in 1935, Imperial year 2595. 'Ha-Go' name given by Mitsubishi).[1] Production lasted from 1936 to 1943, with up to 2,300 tanks produced in the time period, making it the most produced Japanese tank design in World War II.

Design

The Type 95 Ha-Go was a light tank weighing roughly 7.7 tons. It had a three-man crew with a turret that only held one person inside. The turret was armed with a 37 mm gun, as well as a machine gun mount on the rear of the turret just like the Type 89. The machine gun armament on the back allowed the commander to simply traverse the turret to use a certain armament for the situation desired. Despite that, the one-man turret meant the commander was overworked.

The tank used the same engine on the Type 89B, the 120 hp Mitsubishi diesel engine. The suspension on the tank was quite simple, two bogies with wheels suspended on a bell crank with a front sprocket and two return rollers on each side. The two bogies were attached to a brace, connecting the two to fix problems with the pitching that inhibited the tank's driving ability, but the suspension still gave the crew a rough ride when driving on uneven ground. A unique feature on the Type 95 design was that there was an asbestos padding area separating the interior area from the hull armour to protect the crew from burning on hot metal armour and from injury on hitting the hull from the tank's rough driving experience.

Combat usage

The Type 95's was first deployed in the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Type 95s in the theater were generally well-received due to the inferiority of China's anti-tank defenses and their tank forces usually consist of machine gun-armed tanks like the Panzer I and CV33. The Type 95 Ha-Go's first major combat was during the border conflicts between Japan and the Soviet Union during the battles at Khalkhin Gol. The Type 95 made up a good portion of the 4th Tank Regiment in the 1st Tank Corps, alongside Type 89s and Type 94 tankettes. These tanks generally fought against the Soviet's BT-5 and BT-7 tanks, which were in the same class as the Ha-Gos, though the Japanese took special note on the 45 mm cannon on the Soviet tanks, which they deemed superior to the Ha-Go 37 mm cannon. The two side exchanged multiple battles and territories, eventually resulting in a ceasefire between the two nations in August 1939.

The next major usage of the Type 95 Ha-Go would be in opening stages of World War II when Japan invades the Allied territory after their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Their first usage was in the Malaya campaign, then Singapore, then the Burma campaign. Despite the British technological superiority over the Japanese with their tank designs in Europe, their self-created concept that tanks were next-to-useless in the Pacific jungles caused them to have a severe shortage of armour in the Pacific in the early stages of the war. The Japanese however, with no experience in jungle warfare, managed to invade with Type 95 alongside Type 97 mediums as their spearhead. The Type 95 would also be involved with America's first tank-to-tank battle during the Battle of the Philippines. Type 95s from the 4th Tank Regiment came across U.S. M3 Stuarts from the 192nd Tank Battalion. Despite the Stuarts being five years newer than the Type 95, the two tanks were deemed very similar performance-wise. In this engagement, the Type 95 managed to spot the U.S. tanks first and open fired, destroying one of the Stuarts in the platoon and the west withdrew under fire.

The Japanese continued using their Ha-Go in the Pacific Theater all the way until the end of the war. Even when outmatched by the newer American tanks like the M4 Shermans, the lack of any better equipment forced the Japanese Army to play with what they've got left. This led to costly defeats in the Japanese tank units on Tarawa, Saipan, Guam, Peleliu, and Okinawa as the tank units were used in reckless charges or static pillboxes as they were destroyed via tank, cannon, or bazooka fire.

After the war, the remnants of the Japanese Army left behind a huge number of Type 95 Ha-Go in their depot at the occupied territory. This led to a massive amount of tanks being captured and used by the opposing sides of the Chinese Civil War. Another curious user of the captured Japanese tanks were the French, which captured them from Japanese-occupied area in French Indochina. The French used the Japanese tanks alongside French tanks to hastily make units called 'Commando Blindé du Cambodge' to fight in the First Indochina War.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the Ha Go from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

[News] Newsflash from IgroMir 2016! New ships and first look at Japanese Ground Forces! (Type 95 & Type 97 Chi-Ha Kai)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zaloga Steven. Japanese Tanks 1939-1945 Great Britain: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2007
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jp_type_95_ha_go.png

Icon-country-jap.png Type 95 Ha-Go
Nation Japan
Type Light tank
Rank Reserve
Battle Rating
1.0
1.0
1.0

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
7,700 kg
16,976 lb
Number of Crew 3
Hull armour thickness
12/12/10/6 mm
0.47/0.47/0.39/0.24 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
130 hp
106 hp
106 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
160 hp
120 hp
120 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
16.88
17.15
13.77
13.99
12.63
12.83
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
20.78
21.11
15.58
15.83
15.58
15.83
Max speed
54 km/h
33 mph
48 km/h
30 mph
48 km/h
30 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm Type 94 Cannon
Ammo stowage 119 rounds
Vertical guidance -15°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Hull mount
Vertical guidance -22°/22°
Horizontal guidance -22°/22°
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost N/A
Crew training cost 0 SL
Max repair cost*
0 SL
0 SL
0 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
0m
0m
0m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
0m
0m
0m
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