Type 2 Ka-Mi

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Ka-Mi in the garage.

The Type 2 Ka-Mi is a Rank I Japanese light tank with a battle rating of 1.3. It was introduced along with the entire initial Japanese Ground Forces tree in Update 1.65 "Way of the Samurai". It should be noted that the Type 2 Ka-Mi is not amphibious on its own, and requires external modifications in forms of pontoons to make it truly amphibious.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

With its average armour, firepower and mobility, the Ka-Mi should be played wisely, with a bit of finesse: you will not survive frontal engagement, neither can you flank nor snipe...so what's left ? Support. Always play as a team when driving the Ka-Mi, bringing an additionnal potent close range gun to the fight, threatening your foes while more potent allies reload.

Vehicle characteristics

Survivability:

The Ka-Mi is features a very unusual layout. Being originally purposed as an amphibious tank, it lacks its buoys to float in game, hence we have the light armour pattern of an amphibious vehicle without its amphibious capacity (worst case scenario). (Yes, these pincer-like fixtures you see on the hull are the buoys' attachement points, they are useless ). With an armour ranging around 8 to 12 mm on larger portions of the hull, this tank is very fragile to anything bigger than MG fire. To increase survivability, one can enter a fight rearwards in order to absorb shots with the engine deck. (Yes, these are propellers you see below the engine deck, they are useless.)

This armour pattern really shines at distances (500+ m), where a little angling can mostly defeat HMG fire. Since most guns at this BR are quite inaccurate, exposing only your small turret should not be a problem since it is hard to hit. If caught in an open field ( still at distances), try facing directly your foe since angling is useless with such little armour values, that way, some shells can just fly by your crew in the inhabited portions of the tank (ammo racks located there are pretty small, they are often missed in these cases).

Firepower:

A decent gun with a good reload time and good ammo count: don't bother wasting a shot, fire on the move. This tank has a "lock", which is a primitive form of gun stabiliser, decreasing vertical movement from the main armament. Note that turret rotation speed is somewhat slow: pre-aim your gun in the general direction of the enemy in close-quarter engagements.

One thing that saves the Ka-Mi's reputation is its MG count: there is 3 of them. One is coaxial, fired by gunner, another is pintle-mounted, fired by gunner and the last one is hull-mounted, fired by the machine-gunner. These weapons have a good burst capacity to take out light targets (soviet SPAA trucks, open-topped SPGs, etc.). One downside of the Type 97 machine gun is it's low ammo count, which limits bursts to a couple of seconds before having to reload.

Mobility:

A decent top speed on road but lacks power when going off-road. Narrow tracks makes mobility in snow/desert maps really painful. Good thing to mention: this tank has a respectable reverse speed of -11 km/h with two reverse gear, which is a rare feature at this BR. It can sometimes get you out of bad situations.

Tactics

Use hills to your advantage, fall back when outnumbered and beware difficult terrain since it can slow down your manoeuvres. Never rely on your armour.

Specific enemies worth noting

Since your weak armour and large size are your main concerns you should be carefull when facing tanks equipped with HMGs and autocannons. There is also some foes even your best shot can't damage at close ranges.

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USA
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Germany
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USSR
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Britain
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Japan
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Italy
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France
All American low tier tanks are equipped
with pintle-mounted HMGs, which are very deadly at close ranges.

Hard to kill:
M3 Lee
German autocannons:
Pz.II C
Pz.II F
Pz.II (DAK)
Sd.Kfz. 140/1
Flakpanzer I
Flakpanzer 38(t) Gepard
Sd.Kfz. 6/2
Strong armour :
T-50, T-126

Very spacious, takes many shots to kill :
T-35 ,T-28,E
Strong armour from all sides. You cannot get through their armour:
Matilda II, 3 inch Gun Carrier
Valentine Mk I,Mk XI,Mk IX

British autocannons:
Armored Car Mk II AA
T17E2
Japanese autocannons:
Type 94
Ta-Se
A rare sight but a though target:
P40 "Leoncello"
Most early french tanks have thick armour, even
from the sides, try to shoot the hull and avoid these at all cost:
B1 bis,ter

French autocanon:
P4T AA

Counter-tactics

Any HMG/autocanon should shred this tank in the blink of an eye. Otherwise, shoot in the center of mass' general direction to score critical hits. If playing an open-topped vehicle, try to stay away or to have opportunity shots on this tank.

Pros and cons

Pros

  • 37 mm gun have decent post-penetration damage.
  • Has an anti-aircraft MG.
  • Tiny turret. Hard to target it at range.
  • High ammo count (both cannon and MG).
  • 10° gun depression.
  • Decent reverse speed (-11 km/h).
  • Has a coaxial machine gun, unlike most low tier Japanese tanks.
  • Has optics both sides of the gun mantlet that gives it two cute eyes.

Cons

  • 37 mm penetration value starting to feel lacking.
  • Hull size is wider than other Japanese light tanks.
  • Hull front plate is thin and relatively unsloped.
  • Not amphibious, despite propellers in back.
  • Big target.
  • Only two ammo choice, both APHE, one is clearly superior over the other.
  • Narrow tracks means poor off-road mobility.
  • Low engine HP makes hill-climbing difficult.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 37 mm Type 1 cannon (132 rounds)
3 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (8,000 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 37 mm Type 1 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 132 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 24°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 7.2°/s (Stock), 10.0°/s (Upgraded), 12.1°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 21.4°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 5.2s (Stock), 4.6s (Full Crew), 4.2s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Type 1 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 132 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 24°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 7.2°/s (Stock), 8.5°/s (Upgraded), 10.3°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 11.4°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 5.2s (Stock), 4.6s (Full Crew), 4.2s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Type 1 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 132 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 24°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 7.2°/s (Stock), 8.5°/s (Upgraded), 10.3°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 11.4°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 5.2s (Stock), 4.6s (Full Crew), 4.2s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
Type 94 APHE 55 50 34 25 2 2 APHE 700 0.67 1.3 15 47° 60° 65°
Type 1 APHE 60 58 46 34 26 20 APHE 800 0.62 1.3 15 47° 60° 65°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Ka-Mi.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
132 73 (+59) 25 (+107) (+131) 73 (+59) No

Secondary armaments

1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (coaxial)
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (hull-mounted)
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun (pintle-mounted)

Crew

  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver
  • Machine gunner

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 12 mm (30°) Front plate
6 mm (83°) Front glacis
12 mm (4-39°) Lower glacis
10 mm 10 mm (12°) Middle
12 mm (59°) Side
6 mm
Turret 12 mm (0-8°) Turret front
30 mm Gun mantlet
12 mm (10-12°) 12 mm (12-13°) 6 mm

Notes

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are both 15 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 6 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 10.9 ton

Max Speed: 44 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 125 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 11.47 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 153 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.04 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 10.9 ton

Max Speed: 40 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 102 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 9.36 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 115 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 10.55 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 10.9 ton

Max Speed: 40 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 102 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 9.36 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 115 hp @ 1800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 10.55 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

While the tanks were mainly in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) also owned their own land forces known as the Special Naval Landings Forces (SNLF). Their standard tanks was the Type 95 Ha-Go, but the SNLF wanted a more capable tank for the role, namely one fitted for amphibious landings. The Japanese have touched upon the amphibious tank concept since the 1930s, but one for the rough seas needed more durability than one for rivers. The IJN approached Mitsubishi in 1941 to develop the new amphibious tank, named Ka-Mi "Special Craft". The tank was to go along with the IJA's Type 2 Ke-To light tank, using a similar turret design. The suspension of the vehicle was one derived from the Ha-Go. The amphibious capability was given to the tank via two removable pontoons on the front and back of the tank. A trunk and tower was fitted over the engine and turret respectively to prevent water from flowing into the engine and crew compartment. The vehicle, accepted as the Type 2 Ka-Mi, began production in 1943. Up to 182 tanks were produced from then until the end of the war.[1]

Combat Usage

The Type 2 Ka-Mi saw use in the combat in 1944 in Saipan and Leyte.[1] They assisted the stationed SNLF units on these islands in attacking the American beachheads via amphibious assaults. The Ka-Mi were also stationed in Luzon as a handful were captured by Allied forces in 1945. Their limited numbers and usage meant they fought with relative obscurity to the IJA's Type 97 Chi-Ha tanks. However, the Type 2 Ka-Mi was deemed rather successful by the IJN, some have dubbed it the "best designed amphibious tank of the war" after World War II. This led to the successors like the Type 3 Ka-Chi, a parallel to the Type 1 Chi-He, and the Type 5 To-Ku, based off the Type 5 Chi-Ri.

Ingame description

@var:description

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the _____ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

[Devblog] Type 2 Ka-Mi: Beach Patrol

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zaloga Steven. Japanese Tanks 1939-1945 Great Britain: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2007
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jp_type_2_ka_mi.png

Icon-country-jap.png Type 2 Ka-Mi
Nation Japan
Type Light tank
Rank 1
Battle Rating
1.3
1.3
1.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
10,900 kg
24,030 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
12/10/10/6 mm
0.47/0.39/0.39/0.24 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
125 hp
102 hp
102 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
153 hp
115 hp
115 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
20.14
20.47
16.43
16.69
16.43
16.69
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
24.71
25.11
18.57
18.87
18.57
18.87
Max speed
44 km/h
27.6 mph
40 km/h
24.9 mph
40 km/h
24.9 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm Type 1 Cannon
Ammo stowage 132 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/24°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 4,000 rounds
Mount Coaxial
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Hull mount
Vertical guidance -11°/35°
Horizontal guidance -20°/20°
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,000 rounds
Mount Pintle mount
Vertical guidance -10°/70°
Horizontal guidance -60°/60°
Economy
Required RP 4,000 RP
Vehicle cost 2,100 SL
Crew training cost 600 SL
Max repair cost*
250 SL
320 SL
270 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
16m
32m
31m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
5m
10m
10m
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