Type-62

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Type-62 in the garage.

The Type-62 is a gift Soviet Rank IV light tank with a battle rating of 6.7. It was introduced during the 2016 "War Thunder Chronicle" that took place between 23 December 2016 to 16 January 2017. It was obtained via completing 10 tasks as part of the event and is no longer obtainable.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

While playing the Type-62, it is important to stay hidden from your enemy at all times and avoid going head-to-head with enemies that have noticed your presence and are focusing on eliminating you. The paper-thin armour on the Type-62 cannot effectively stop any shell, and, unless you're facing the British, a hit will likely result in the HE filler of the shell knocking out most of your crew / detonating your ammo racks. So it is recommended to use flanking tactics on larger maps, while staying hidden behind terrain features such as hills, trees, even in ditches, while on smaller city maps it's recommended to stay behind piles of rubble, houses, even your teammates to avoid the enemy seeing you before you are able to disable their gun or kill them.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

With it's excellent mobility, the Type-62 is great for getting from point to point and setting up ambushes. However it is important to note that the reload rate is around the same or even slower than most enemy tanks, so making your first shot count is always going to determine whether you survive the engagement or not. Aiming for the turret or ammo racks of the enemy are great options, as they usually ensure ammo rack detonations or that the enemy won't be able to fire back at you if not.

Also note that going on rough terrain and over piles of rubble is not recommended while at risk to be shot at by the enemy, as the gun takes a very long time to adjust in the vertical. With the the HEAT-FS shell, staying at range is also possible, as it is much easier for you to hide your tank from the enemy while not losing accuracy and penetration of the HEAT-FS shell.

Specific enemies worth noting

When facing heavy and medium tanks of the enemy, try to knock out their gun to allow you to get a clear shot of their side, as the stock shells for the 85mm gun on the Type-62 can't reliably penetrate tanks such as the T29 and Tiger II (H) up front. However, with the HEAT-FS and APCR shells unlocked you'll be able to deal with heavily armoured tanks easier, so getting those early on is a must.

The hardest tanks to destroy in the Type-62 will be the T29 and Tiger II (H), as APHEBC and APCBC shells cannot penetrate these tanks from the front. When facing against these tanks, your best option is to get their ammo racks or turret crew from the side while they're busy dealing with your teammates, or, if they see you, relocating without them seeing you and getting them unawares. With the HEAT-FS shell it is possible to even penetrate the King Tiger's upper front plate if they underestimate you and don't angle their hull.

Counter-tactics

When you're the one facing the Type-62, never underestimate it. With it's HEAT-FS shell capable of penetrating 300mm of flat armour, even the most well-armoured tanks at the BR have to be careful not to end up in the Type-62s gun sight. However, if you've got a shell with any amount of HE filler loaded, try hitting the Type-62s turret, which will most likely kill the whole turret crew, resulting in a kill, or the left side of the hull, as there is always ammo stored there. If the Type-62 doesn't angle, hitting the right side of the hull is also a very good idea as there are 3 crew members positioned in a line there.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Good acceleration, can reach fast travel speed quickly
  • Small profile, smaller than the T-44
  • 85 mm is similar to the one on T-44, with access to superior shells
  • Access to 3BK2 HEATFS round, capable of penetrating 300 mm of armour
  • Pintle-mounted 12.7 mm MG can provide AA defenses
  • Decent ammo reserve for its size, 47 shells
  • Looks like a T-54, can maybe cause opponents in RB and SB to take a pause to figure out what you really are

Cons:

  • Very thin armour - 35mm hull in front, 50mm turret front armour
  • Slow turret traverse
  • Rather long reload
  • Cramped crew and scattered ammo all over ensures easy one-hit kills if penetrated
  • Gun depression is -4°
  • Gun is difficult to use in uneven terrain, as it takes a long time to depress / elevate the gun

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 85 mm Type-62-85-TC cannon (47 Rounds)
1 x 12.7 mm DShK machine gun (300 Rounds)
1 x 7.62 mm SGMT machine gun (3,200 Rounds)

Main armament

1 x 85 mm Type-62-85-TC cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 47 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 22°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.9°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 9.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 85 mm Type-62-85-TC cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 47 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 22°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.9°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 9.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 85 mm Type-62-85-TC cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 47 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 22°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.9°/s (Stock), _._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 9.6s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-365A 142 139 123 105 91 81 APHEBC 800 9.2 1.2 15 164 +4° 42° 27° 19°
BR-367 159 155 143 131 122 110 APCBC 792 9.2 1.2 15 74.8 +4° 42° 27° 19°
O-365K 10 10 10 10 10 10 HE 793 9.5 0.1 0.3 660 +0° 11° 10°
BR-367P 230 229 202 173 147 125 APCR 1020 5.4 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 24° 20° 18°
Type 1956 HEAT-FS 300 300 300 300 300 300 HEATFS 845 7 0.1 0.1 822.8 +0° 25° 18° 15°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Type-62.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
47 45 (+2) 37 (+10) 31 (+16) 23 (+24) 21 (+26) (+46) Turret empty: 37 (+10) no

Secondary armaments

1 x 12.7 mm DShK machine gun (pintle-mount)
1 x 7.62 mm SGMT machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 35 mm (57°) Front glacis
25 mm (50°) Lower glacis
25 mm 15 mm (7-52°) 20 mm Front
15 mm Engine deck
5 mm Engine grille
Turret 50 mm (9-59°) Turret front
50 mm (2-66°) Gun mantlet
35 mm (11-44°) 32 mm (11-46°) 20 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 30 mm 20 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 20 mm thick while tracks are 15 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 20.2 ton

Max Speed: 78 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 775 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 38.37 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 31°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 954 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 47.23 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°
Weight: 20.2 ton

Max Speed: 70 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 21.88 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 24.75 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°
Weight: 20.2 ton

Max Speed: 70 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 21.88 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 34°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 2000 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 24.75 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

After World War II, China stayed in a state of conflict as part of the Chinese Civil War, pitting the Chinese Nationalists against the Communists. The Communist Party were victorious and they established the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 01 October 1949. In 14 February 1950, the Chinese signed an alliance treaty with the Soviet Union, which allowed the Soviet Union to support China economically and militarily, leading to many money loans and arms trade. One of the weapons given in arms trade was the Soviet's new main battle tank, the T-54. The tank became the basis of the Soviet's aid in building up China's tank manufacturing facility in 1956, starting with Soviet-made parts before transitioning to Chinese parts. The T-54 tank design was then accepted into the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1959 as the Type 59.

While accepted as the main tank of the PLA, the Type 59 was deemed too heavy for some of the terrain and infrastructure on China. A light tank design was requested in the late 1950s, leading to the formal development process in 1958. The first prototype was produced in 1960 as the Type 59-16, which was essentially a down-scaled Type 59 with an 85 mm armament, thinner armour, and smaller profile. Trials commenced until December 1962, when it was accepted as the Type 62, production name WZ 131. It was then put into production in 1963 with roughly 1,393 tank units produced until 1989.

Combat usage

The Type 62 light tank was primarily stationed with military units in Southern China where the infrastructure is not as sophisticated. However, the Type 62 would not see its first usage in Chinese hands. A number of them was supplied to the North Vietnamese Army during the Vietnam War, which they used against America and South Vietnam until the end of the war in 1975. The Type 62 then saw use again in 1979 in Vietnam, but mostly in Chinese hands in the Sino-Vietnamese War. However, the Type 62 suffered due to anti-tank weapons such as the ubiquitous rocket launchers penetrating right through the thin armour. The overall consensus of their experiences in Vietnam was that the Type 62 not suitable to act around as a normal tank due to its light armour and armament, and was relegated to recon and fire support.

An upgrade program commenced on the Type 62 led to the Type 62-I variant. The program was based on the experiences in Vietnam, leading to many upgrades such as a laser range finder, a shield for the exterior-mounted 12.7 mm machine gun, and protection against HEAT rounds. The second modernization program began in 2000 to upgrade the Type 62-I into Type 62G which improved the armour layout and turret design of the tank, as well as adding smoke dischargers and a new 105 mm main armament with a modern stabilizer and fire-control system. The Type 62 stayed in the Chinese service up until early 2013.

The Type 62 also saw exportation to many countries, ranging from Albania, Banglades, Cambodia, Congo, Mali, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, North Korea, and Zaire. In some cases, such as in North Korea, this led to confusions between the Soviet's T-62 main battle tank due to the labeling of the Type 62 as simply "T-62". Information of the Type 62 in these countries are rather limited or unknown, though most of them seem to still have them in reserves today.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the SM.79 series from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References


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ussr_type_62.png

Icon-country-sov.png Type 62
Nation USSR
Type Light tank
Rank 4
Battle Rating 6.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
20,200 kg
44,533 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
25/25/16/16 mm
1.00/1.00/0.63/0.63 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
775 hp
442 hp
442 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
954 hp
500 hp
500 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
38.37
38.98
21.88
22.23
21.88
22.23
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
47.23
47.99
24.75
25.15
24.75
25.15
Max speed
78 km/h
48 mph
70 km/h
43 mph
70 km/h
43 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 85 mm
Type-62-85-TC
Cannon
Ammo stowage 47 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/22°
Secondary Weapon
1 x DShK Heavy machine gun
Ammo stowage 350 rounds
Mount Pintle mount
Vertical guidance -2°/25°
1 x SGMT Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,200 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost N/A
Crew training cost 75,000 SL
Max repair cost*
2,400 SL
4,130 SL
3,090 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
4d 03h
9d
7d
Free repair time (Upgraded)
1d 09h
3d
2d 13h
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