T-28

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This page is about the Soviet Rank II medium tank T-28, if you are looking for the American premium tank destroyer, see Super Heavy Tank T28


Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The T-28 in the garage.

The T-28 is a Rank II Soviet medium tank with a battle rating of 2.3. It was introduced in during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41. An unorthodox medium tank with three turrets, it is quite mobile and armed with a 76 mm gun to defend itself against its contemporaries.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

It may look big, but the T-28 is surprisingly agile and the roomy inside will turn many small calibre APHE shells into hot-air.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

The powerful, yet accurate gun, paired with thin armour and a large profile makes the T-28 look ideal for long range encounters, yet its low penetration, slow shell velocity and no real gun depression to exploit terrain discourages this kind of gameplay. However, due to the crew/equipment spacing that helps soak damage and keep it fighting, its highly versatile and powerful main gun make this tank quite capable in close range encounters. Hit & run tactics work pretty well (if the "run" aspect of it is ever needed).

If you find yourself against a larger or more powerful tank than you, you will often be forced to stay and fight, as the large profile of the tank makes you easy to hit while retreating. Use the gun's accuracy to your advantage. Aim for weak points like the driver's hatch or gunner's port. If you find yourself unable to shoot against such a small target, attempt to cripple the tank's offensive armament to take some pressure off.

Specific enemies worth noting

Avoid T-34s, especially the later modifications. The APHE ammo is deadly, especially against such a large easy-to-hit tank with no real armor like yours. One shot almost anywhere into your tank and you are dead. At the same time, their own armour is basically invulnerable to your own ammo, except when you get to their sides, where you can penetrate the turret, and possibly the side hull armour (Only with AP ammo). Keep in mind that T-34s can turn both their hull and turret very fast, so if you miss the first shot, you may not get another.

Light tanks that can flank around the side or back of your tank can prove deadly as well.

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Fast and versatile for such a big medium tank
  • The cannon is accurate and is able to do large amounts of damage on penetration
  • Crew of 6
  • Machine gun turrets and complicated multi-layer side armor often absorb projectiles
  • It has Shrapnel as standard ammunition, which is effective against light tanks and AA vehicles
  • Total of 3 machine guns can make short work of any unarmoured AA vehicles.

Cons:

  • Large silhouette
  • Generally thin armor
  • Slow reload time
  • Poor gun depression
  • Bad penetration with all types of ammo

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 76 mm L-10 cannon (69 Rounds)
3 x 7.62 mm DT machine gun (7,938 Rounds)

Main armament

1 x 76 mm L-10 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 69 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.9°/s (Stock), 12.4°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 76 mm L-10 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 69 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.9°/s (Stock), 10.5°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 76 mm L-10 cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 69 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.9°/s (Stock), 10.5°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 6.5s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-350A 68 63 58 51 45 40 APHEBC 555 6.3 0.15 10 150 +4° 42° 27° 19°
OF-350M 9 9 9 9 9 9 HE 560 6.2 0.05 0.1 621 +0° 11° 10°
SH-354T 34 33 30 24 20 10 Shrapnel 560 6.2 0.5 8.0 85 +0° 28° 21° 17°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the T-28.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
10th
rack empty
11th
rack empty
12th
rack empty
13th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
69 64 (+5) 58 (+11) 52 (+17) 46 (+23) 41 (+28) 35 (+34) 31 (+38) 26 (+43) 21 (+48) 16 (+53) 13 (+56) (+63) (+68) Turret empty: 46 (+23) no

Secondary armaments

  • 1 x 7.62 mm DT machine gun (coaxial)
  • 1 x 7.62 mm DT machine gun (machine gun turrets x 2)

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Case homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 30 mm (22°) Driver's port
15 mm (65°) Front glacis
30 mm (23-25°) Lower glacis
20 mm Top
20 + 10 mm Bottom
15 mm (68°) Top
20 mm (6-37°) Bottom
15 mm
Main Turret 20 mm Turret front
20 mm (0-49°) Gun mantlet
20 mm (0-23°) 30 mm 15 mm
Secondary Turrets 22 mm 20 mm 20 mm 10 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 10 mm thick while tracks are 20 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 25.4 ton

Max Speed: 44 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 775 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 30.51 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 954 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 37.56 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 25.4 ton

Max Speed: 40 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 17.40 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 19.68 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 25.4 ton

Max Speed: 40 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 442 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 17.40 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 500 hp @ 1599 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 19.68 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

  1. Parts - Mandatory first upgrade, then whatever you choose
  2. BR-350A Ammo! - Without it, you won't be able to defeat the armour of half the tanks you'll meet
  3. Adjustment of Fire AND Fire Extinquisher - to improve accuracy, or have the ability to put out fires
  4. Anything you like, but upgrades that improve mobility are advised

History of creation and combat usage

Development

Prerequisites set up in 1929 called for an infantry support and breakthrough tank that are able to exploit breakthroughs and handle infantry fortifications. The development of this tank under Chief engineer S.Ginsburg may have been inspired by the British Vickers A1E1 Independent tank as the final design took some elements of it. The end result was a multi-turreted medium tank with a 76.2 mm L-10 main gun and two 7.62 mm machine gun turrets in front. The design was satisfactory that Stalin himself ordered a heavier variant of the tank that can suit the breakthrough role, which would be the T-35. The first multi-turreted was designated the T-28 and was considered revolutionary for the time as it was the first medium tank of its kind and would establish the concept of such tanks. The first prototype of the T-28 was created sometime in 1931, its design was considered revolutionary for the time as it was one of first medium tanks in the world. Production of this tank began in the Kirov Factory in Leningrad sometime in 1932, and it was accepted into service in August 11, 1933. Though in service for eight years from 1933 to 1941, only 503 units were produced.

Design

The T-28 was relatively slow for its weight at 28 tons, but as an infantry tank, this disadvantage was mitigated by its role and its heavier armor. The front two turrets with machine guns are installed in front of the main turret, which was considerably higher. The main turret was a shared feature from the T-35 in order to standardize parts in production. The tank was initially to be armed with a 45 mm gun like the BT and T-26 light tanks, but the larger 76.2 mm howitzer was chosen instead for added explosive power. The turret had a turret basket and a rear-facing machine gun. A later upgrade had a commander's cupola added onto the turret plus the capability to mount another machine gun on top for anti-aircraft purposes. The tank had a crew of six (driver, two machine gunners, loader, gunner, commander) and ran on a V12 M17 air-cooled engine that can deliver 500 horsepower. Though providing enough power to propel the T-28 at a speed of about 37 km/h (22 mph), the gasoline fuel it used was flammable and rare in Soviet usage. The armor on the tank was 30 mm maximum on the front and side glacis, which was sufficient enough to stop most anti-tank armament at the time. The suspension on the tank was a bogie system with plunger springs and usually has a 20 mm thick side skirt protecting the sides. Transmission and engine compartment is at the very rear under a canopy for easy access. At its introduction in 1933, the T-28 was one of the most effective tanks in the world, and had a few innovations. Other countries only had WWI-era Renaults and the Germans had no tanks of their own at its development. The T-28 was also the first to have radios and anti-aircraft gun mounts.

Combat usage

The standard organization of the T-28 tanks in 1939 was 136 T-28s and 47 BT-7 in one heavy armored brigade. The T-28s were first deployed on the eastern borders during the border clashes with Japan in 1939. The first large scale action was in September 1939 when the Soviet Union invades Poland with its front line fleet of T-28s. Though the Polish tanks and anti-tank guns were able to take out a few T-28s, it is not known how many were lost. The next conflict the T-28 served in was the Winter War against Finland. These tanks were used against Finnish fortifications, but the conflict also showed the inadequate armor on the T-28, where Finnish anti-tank guns were able to reliably penetrate the tanks. Though over 200 T-28s were knocked out in the conflict, only 20 were totally lost due to system of armor recovery and repairs the Soviet had and the conflict's close proximity to the Kirov Factory, some tanks were repaired more than five times and sent back to the front. The Finnish were able to capture seven of these (2 in Winter War, 5 in Continuation War)and used them against their users. The Finnish came about to nicknaming them Postivaunu ("mail coach") after an incident where a T-28 commander was captured carrying the salary and mail for the 91st Tank Battalion, and Kivitalo ("stone building") for its large size. The heavy weight of the tank caused the Finnish to be unable to tow some of the knocked out T-28s for capture, so those unable to be recovered were stripped of their equipments.

After Finland, the T-28's inadequate armor was showcased to the Soviets and an attempt at uparmoring the design was made in 1940 with the welding of additional armor plating to increase the 30 mm armor to 80 mm of armor in thickness. This increase in armor made the tank now weigh 32 tons. This up armoring of the tank was designated the T-28E.

During the German invasion in Operation Barbarossa in mid-1941, the Soviets had about 411 T-28s in their inventory. Many were lost not due to battle, but actually from mechanical breakdowns due to lack of spare parts and low maintenance, causing them to be abandoned by the crew. The Germans were able to capture at least two of these tanks and may have used these against the Soviets as the T-28 746(r). The T-28s that were not lost during the first few months of Operation Barbarossa took part in winter defense of Leningrad and Moscow. Though still in inventory, by 1942 they were rare in Soviet service and declared obsolete as better tanks like the T-34 was taking over its role and is more heavily gunned, more armored, and faster. The tanks still in one piece were dismantled for spare parts or sent to training facilities.

Ingame description

@var:description

Screenshots and fan art

Additional information (links)

References


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ussr_t_28.png

Icon-country-sov.png T-28
Nation USSR
Type Medium tank
Rank 2
Battle Rating
2.3
2.3
2.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
25,400 kg
55,997 lb
Number of Crew 6
Hull armour thickness
30/20/20/15 mm
1.18/0.79/0.79/0.59 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
775 hp
442 hp
442 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
954 hp
500 hp
500 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
30.51
31.00
17.40
17.68
17.40
17.68
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
37.56
38.16
19.68
20.00
19.68
20.00
Max speed
44 km/h
27.6 mph
40 km/h
24.9 mph
40 km/h
24.9 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 76 mm L-10 Cannon
Ammo stowage 69 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/25°
Secondary Weapon
1 x DT Machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,890 rounds
Mount Coaxial
1 x DT Machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,890 rounds
Mount Left turret
Vertical guidance -5°/28°
Horizontal guidance -155°/5°
1 x DT Machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,890 rounds
Mount Right turret
Vertical guidance -5°/28°
Horizontal guidance -33°/145°
Economy
Required RP 7,900 RP
Vehicle cost 10,000 SL
Crew training cost 3,000 SL
Max repair cost*
420 SL
570 SL
660 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
40m
1h 20m
1h 20m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
13m
26m
26m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.75.0.216.