Super Heavy Tank T28

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This page is about the American premium Rank IV tank destroyer T28, if you are looking for the Soviet medium tank, see T-28


Arcade Realistic Simulator

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General info

T28 Super Heavy Tank in the garage.

The Super Heavy Tank T28 is a premium Rank IV American tank destroyer with a battle rating of 6.3. It was introduced in Update 1.49 "Weapons of Victory". A premium version of the T95, its difference is the removal of the outer tracks for train transport, but it can still fight at the expense of increased ground pressure and poorer turning ability. The T28 retains the same front armour and 105 mm T5 gun from the T95. The vehicle costs 7,480 GE.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

When playing the Super Heavy T28, you will immediately notice the slow speed, as well as its odd looking appearance. The front is very heavily armoured, with negligible armour around the sides, the rear and roof, which makes it an easy kill for an artillery strike. There are two ways to play this tank: defensively or offensively, as each play style will have some positives and negatives. Due to the BR being 6.3, you shouldn't face any HEAT-FS shots, making it very hard to kill if used right.

Offensive: When playing in this style, you need to use the terrain for cover and objects for additional protection. The T5E1 cannon is very accurate at long ranges. However, fighting in urban zones such as streets is not recommended unless you can be sure that there are no enemy units waiting to prey on your weak sides and rear armour in the adjacent streets. If they realise that you are a T28, they might try to de-track you. If you have a moderately trained crew, you will have no issues repairing the track in a short amount of time. To get the best out of this tank, you need to capitalise on the map and the thick front armour. Do not expose your rear or sides! Failing to do so will lead to an early end of your match. The most obvious weakness is that the T28 has no turret, meaning in Close Quarter combat any mobile tank like the Panther Ausf. A might flank you. One way you could get around this is to have teammates stick with you, or for you to follow your teammates. However, the speed of this tank negates the benefits of having turreted allies with you.

Defensive: To be filled

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Don't try to engage the T28 from the front as it is virtually impossible to kill it from the front. Try to knock out its tracks and flank it since its side and rear armour is next to nothing compared to its frontal armour. This tank is also extremely weak to aircraft due to weak armour on top, so another idea may to scout out this tank in a light tank or TD, then an aircraft can destroy it from above.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • One of the thickest frontal armour (305 mm cast).
  • Powerful main gun.
  • BR makes sure almost nothing can penetrate your frontal armour.

Cons:

  • Very hard to turn without moving forwards.
  • As the names implies: Super heavy and slow.
  • Can be easily destroyed if shot from the side .
  • Can be de-tracked with ease, which will allow the enemy to flank and destroy you.
  • Lower glacis is vulnerable to HE fire.
  • Flat surface on top of the whole tank, vulnerable to enemies above you and artillery strikes.
  • Commander and Driver cupolas are only 76mm thick - at this BR that is thin, and APHE penetrating them can cause crew casualties.
  • Weaker side armor than the T95 in the tech tree - 50.8 mm vs. roughly 152.4 mm (101.6 mm outer plate covering the transport tracks + the inner 50.8 mm plate).

Specifications

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Armaments

1 x 105 mm Gun T5E1 (62 rounds)
1 x 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (1,000 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 105 mm Gun T5E1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 62 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 19°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.95°/s (Stock), 8.2°/s (Upgraded), 10°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 11.1°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 11.8°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 20.02s (Stock), 17.71s (Full Crew), 16.32s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 15.4s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 105 mm Gun T5E1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 62 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 19°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.95°/s (Stock), 7°/s (Upgraded), 8.5°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 9.4°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 10°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 20.02s (Stock), 17.71s (Full Crew), 16.32s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 15.4s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 105 mm Gun T5E1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 62 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -5°
  • Gun Elevation: 19°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 5.95°/s (Stock), 7°/s (Upgraded), 8.5°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 9.4°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 10°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 20.02s (Stock), 17.71s (Full Crew), 16.32s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 15.4s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
T32 258 248 218 190 178 155 APCBC 975 18 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
T13 219 217 207 193 181 171 APCBC 899 19 1.2 20 177.38 +4° 48° 63° 71°
T29E3 315 310 285 251 223 196 APCR 1128 11 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
T30E1 20 20 20 20 20 20 HE 945 15 0.1 0.5 1,550 +0° 79° 80° 81°
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the T28.
Full
ammo
Ammo
Part
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
9th
rack empty
10th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
62 Projectiles
Propellants
57 (+5)
52 (+10)
47 (+15)
41 (+21)
42 (+20)
36 (+26)
37 (+25)
31 (+31)
31 (+31)
25 (+37)
25 (+37)
19 (+43)
19 (+43)
13 (+49)
13 (+49)
(+55)
(+55)
(+61)
(+61)
 
20 rounds are
enough for AB
30 rounds are
enough for RB/SB
Yes: Rack 2 holds 10 instead of 11 shells
Right upper rear rack (x) currently never depletes

Secondary armament

1 x 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (pintle-mounted)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull basic 305 mm (0-31°) Front
133.35 mm (58°) Lower Glacis
63.5 mm (10-58°) Top
50.8 mm Bottom
50.8 mm (5-62°) 38.1 mm
Additional armour 292.1 + 305 mm (2-81°) Mantlet
76.2 mm Cupolas
76.2 mm track guard
N/A N/A 38.1 mm Radiator cover
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 76.2 mm 76.2 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and bogies are 20 mm thick and tracks are 30 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 59.4 ton

Max Speed: 13.9 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 547 hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 9.21 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 28°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ____ hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 59.4 ton

Max Speed: 12.8 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 322 hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 5.42 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 28°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 59.4 ton

Max Speed: 12.8 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 322 hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 5.42 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 28°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2600 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

As a premium tank all upgrades are already unlocked. The "Mark of distinction" can be earned, allowing for four decals without using a premium account.

History of creation and combat usage

Development

Years before the invasion of Normandy, there were men among the Allied planners worrying about the heavily-defended fortification lines such as the Siegfried Line blocking the path from France to Germany. One of the proposed methods was to develop extremely heavily armoured vehicles capable of destroying any fortification it comes across and any resistance the German had. Britain and America both worked on this project in order to develop these super-heavy tanks.

The American solution was a vehicle that would be called the T28 Heavy Tank and work began on such vehicle in September 1943. The initial vehicle concept called for a casemate design with a 105mm T5 gun, which was evaluated to be "extremely effective at reducing heavy fortifications". The only other armament on the vehicle would be a .50 cal machine gun for use by the commander. The armour on the design was 203 mm at first, but in January 1945 the head of Ordnance worried about the effect of German APCR ammunition, and so the already significant armour was upped to an astounding 305mm thick frontal armour, at the increase of weight to 95 tons. The vehicle's electric drive was a carry over from the M6 and T23 tank, with the engine the same from the M26 Pershing (which was the same as the M4A3 Sherman). The heavy weight with the underpowered engine allowed the T28 to reach a whopping 8 miles per hour speed. To carry this design, the vehicle had four sets of tracks, two on each sides, 328mm wide each in order to lower ground pressure. For transport, the extra set of tracks on the sides can be removed to make the vehicle thinner (4.55m to 3.15m) for easier transport, but raising ground pressure (0.82kg/cm2 to 1.14kg/cm2) and reducing armour since the detached track sets comes with 102 mm skirt armour.[1]

The T28 heavy tank continued with development and in March 1944, the U.S. Army gave it the name and also placed an order for five pilot models for testings. In March 1945, Ordnance then renamed the T28 into the 105 mm Gun Motor Carriage T95 due to the lack of turret for a "tank" and any regular secondary armaments. Then, in June 1946, the vehicle was renamed again to the Super Heavy Tank T28 due to the United States construction of self-propelled guns being lightly armoured, in order to distinguish it as a radically different design than simply a "tank destroyer". Today, the T95 and T28 naming are both used to title this vehicle.[1]

Procurement and deployment

The five pilot models requested by the U.S. Army had Ordnance look for a manufacturer to produce these vehicles. The war effort had made many prominent manufacturers busy with pre-existing orders. The Pacific Car and Foundry Company was then contracted to produce the design, with production starting in March 1945. The complete tank design was finished by August 1945, by this time the war had already ended in Europe three months ago. Efforts continued on the tank until the surrender of Japan in September, ending World War II. The post-war cutbacks led to the request for five tanks lowered to just two. The first T28 prototypes appeared in Aberdeen Proving Grounds in 21 December 1945, with the second arriving in 10 January 1946. These two prototype tanks went through evaluations at Aberdeen and Yuma Proving Grounds, mostly for engineering tests to check the durability of the components used. The second prototype model caught an engine fire in Yuma and had to be scrapped. The T28 project finally ended on October 1947 when development for such heavy vehicles stopped. Records on the sole T28 prototype ended afterwards, many assumed the vehicle was destroyed or scrapped.[1]

In 1974, the sole remaining T28/T95 prototype was found in the fields behind Fort Belvoir, Virgina by a wanderer, rumored to be a farmer out hunting or a lieutenant conducting inventory inspection. To this day, no one is certain how the T28 tank was left abandoned in the fields or what happened during the years in absence. It was moved to the Fort Knox, Kentucky to be displayed in the Patton Museum of Cavalry and Armor. Today, its resting place is in the National Armor and Cavalry Museum in Fort Benning, Georgia.[1]

Legacy

In the end, the super heavy tanks designs made by the Americans (T28) and the British (Tortoise) only proved that such needs for tanks were unnecessary. The Siegfried Line and other such fortifications were taken out by use of the standard issued medium tanks such as the M4 Shermans, proving that affordable, mass-produced vehicles could dominate the modern battlefield. The super heavy tanks were also a strain on battle operations, as one of the most pressing question during the development of the super-heavy tanks were on just how to get the tanks across the ocean to Europe and supply them with the fuel and ammo. The only positive note that these heavy tanks provided was that it showed the true extent of American and British industrial capabilities, being able to produce these massive monsters.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the Super Heavy Tank T28 series from live.warthunder

Additional information (links)

[Devblog] T28 and T95

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Estes Kenneth W. Super-heavy Tanks of World War II Great Britain: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2014
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us_t28.png

Icon-country-usa.png Super Heavy Tank T28
Nation USA
Type Tank destroyer
Rank 4
Battle Rating
6.3
6.3
6.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
59,400 kg
190,038 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
305/50.8/50.8/38.1 mm
12/2.0/2.0/1.5 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
710 hp
442 hp
442 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
874 hp
500 hp
500 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
8.24
8.37
5.13
5.21
5.13
5.21
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
10.14
10.30
5.80
5.89
5.80
5.89
Max speed
13.9 km/h
8.6 mph
12.8 km/h
8.0 mph
12.8 km/h
8.0 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 105 mm T5E1 Cannon
Ammo stowage 62 rounds
Vertical guidance -5°/19°
Horizontal guidance -10°/11°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 12.7 mm M2HB Heavy machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,000 rounds
Mount Pintle mount
Vertical guidance -10°/70°
Horizontal guidance -140°/140°
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost 7,480 GE
Crew training cost 10,000 SL
Max repair cost*
4,230 SL
3,040 SL
2,390 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
3d 02h
4d 12h
4d 06h
Free repair time (Upgraded)
_d __h
_d __h
_d __h
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