Pz.Kpfw. 38(t) Ausf. A

From WarThunder-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

Panzer 38(t) Ausf. A in the Garage.

The Pz.Kpfw. 38(t) Ausf. A (Panzer 38(t) Ausf. A) is a Rank I German light tank with a battle rating of 1.3. It was introduced in during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

The Panzerkampfwagen 38(t) Ausf.A is a small nimble beginners tank. It boasts a decent 37 mm cannon, which can easily get through most armour at its rank. The tank is primarily a support tank, helping the larger tanks push forward. The armour is not very heavy, and most cannons and autocannons can get through it. Always try to make use of your gun depression, hiding your hull behind terrain and obstacles, while exposing only your turret to the enemy.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

This tank has extremely thin armour even for a Rank I, meaning a well placed shot will easily kill it.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Very fast and maneuverable
  • Excellent choice for flanking
  • 37mm gun is good to deal with most threats
  • Excellent gun depression and compact size allows great use of terrain as a cover
  • Gun is also quite accurate, making longer range engagements easier
  • Can carry a large amount of different shells
  • One of the best climbing abilities in the game
  • Short Reload time
  • Good turret traverse speed
  • Has a vertical stabilizer

Cons:

  • As a light tank, can't take much frontal hits well from heavier and bigger adversaries
  • 37 mm can only do so much, won't penetrate armour of heavier tanks if angled
  • Although fast, handling at low speeds is quite cumbersome
  • Slow top speed of 30 km/h
  • Pretty weak front armour thickness
  • Small crew in small compartment, easy to knock out

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator


Armaments

1 x 3.7 cm KwK 38(t) (90 rounds)
1 x 7.92 mm vz. 37 machine gun (5,500 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 3.7 cm KwK 38(t)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 90 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.3°/s (Stock), 11.5°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 3.7 cm KwK 38(t)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 90 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.3°/s (Stock), 9.8°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 3.7 cm KwK 38(t)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 90 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 25°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 8.3°/s (Stock), 9.8°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 4.3s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunitions
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
Pzgr. 34(t) 59 57 46 36 27 21 APC 741 0.85 1.3 15 22.1 +4° 48° 63° 71°
PzGr. 40 93 91 49 23 2 1 APCR 1020 0.37 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
Pzgr.(t) umg. 68 67 57 43 33 25 APCBC 750 0.82 1.3 15 22.1 +4° 48° 63° 71°
Shell types
  • Pzgr. 34(t): APC (Armour Piercing Capped) shell. Shells have a projectile mass of 0.9 kg and a muzzle velocity of 741 meters per second.
  • PzGr.40: APCR (Armour Piercing Composite Rigid) shell. Shells have a projectile mass of 0.4 kg and a muzzle velocity of 1020 meters per second.
  • Pzgr.(t) umg.: APCBC (Armour Piercing Composite Ballistic Capped) shell. Shells have a projectile mass of 0.8 kg and a muzzle velocity of 750 meters per second.
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the Panzer 38(t) Ausf. A.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
90 61 (+29) 31 (+59) (+89) Center empty: 31 (+59) Yes

Secondary armament

1 x 7.92 mm vz. 37 machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander/Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver
  • Machine gunner

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 25 mm (18-23°) Front plate
12 mm (74°) Front glacis
25 mm (14°), 8 mm (65°) Lower glacis
15 mm 15 mm (11-14°) 10 mm
Turret 25 mm (10°), 15 mm (9-10°) Turret front
25 mm (0-90°) Gun mantlet
15 mm (0-9°) 15 mm (8°) 8 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 15 mm 8 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 15 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 8 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 9.7 ton

Max Speed: 47 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 194 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.00 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 238 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 24.54 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 9.7 ton

Max Speed: 42 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 111 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 11.44 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 125 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.89 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 9.7 ton

Max Speed: 42 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 111 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 11.44 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 125 hp @ 2200 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.89 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

In 1935, ČKD (Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk), the tank manufacturer in Czechoslovakia wanted to find a replacement to the LT vz.35 (Also known as the Panzer 35(t) in German service). Reason being is that the vz.35 was complex and had its faults that impeded its efficiency and orders for new tanks would be coming from the gradually growing Czechoslovak army and other countries. They work jointly with Škoda Works in the development of this new tank.

The next tank design, designated in Czechoslovakia as the LT vz.38, fitted a conventional design for the interwar period. The armour was riveted with about 25 mm thick in the front hull and was not sloped. The engine was placed in the rear, with a two-man turret in the center, and the driving compartment in the front with a front transmission. Perhaps the biggest distinction for this tank design was the use of a leaf-spring unit suspension consisting of four large wheels. The turret housed the 37 mm Skoda A7 armament with about 90 rounds of ammunition stored in the vehicle. Unlike traditional designs, the coaxial machine gun is mounted on a ball mount allowing it to be aimed independently on targets, yet could be fixed for coaxial usage. There is another machine gun in front used by the assistant driver, who also doubled as the radio operator placed on the left of the operator as the driver was on the right side of the tank. The LT vz.38 was a very reliable design.

The LT vz.38 was successfully exported under the name "TNH" and was given to Iran, Peru, Switzerland, and Lithuania, all under different names, but done in small quantities (Iran bought the most at 50 units). The British Royal Armoured Corps ordered one trial model out in an evaluation, but their evaluations came that the vehicle was uncomfortable for the crew and was impossible to lay the gun when the vehicle is in motion, thus the British did not order any and returned the trial model. Then in 1937, the Czechoslovak armed forces started a contest for a new tank to be put into service. Three companies, Škoda, ČKD and Tatra, were involved and submitted their various designs with Škoda a variant of the LT vz.38, ČKD a prototype model different from the LT vz.38, and Tatra a very different design concept altogether. The army then chose the LT vz.38 model and ordered 150 units in July 1938, but these were never put to service in Czech usage when the German occupied Czechoslovakia in March 1939.

German adoption

When Germany took control of Czechoslovakia, they ordered the LT vz.38 production to continue as its firepower, armour, and mobility was considerably better than the Panzer I and Panzer II, which made up most of the German armoured forces in 1939. At first, it was used under the designation LTM 38, but this was changed in January 1940 to the Panzerkampfwagen 38(t), or the Panzer 38(t) for short. The Panzer 38(t) was used as a substitute to the Panzer III due to the similarity in armour and armament. The 37 mm Skoda A7 cannon was renamed the 37mm KwK38 (t). The Germans would gradually upgrade the design in its production life and have seven different variants (A-G) of the normal production model, but are divided into one with 25 mm of frontal riveted armour originally, and the other with a total frontal armour thickness of 50 mm by bolting on another 25 mm of armour to the hull. Production under Germany control continued from 1939 to 1942 with a total of 1,414 tank units built (excluding export models and other vehicles built with the chassis).

Combat usage

The Panzer 38(t) served well in the initial campaigns for Germany in World War II, performing well in the invasion of Poland and France in 1939 and 1940 respectively. Some notable German tank aces would start their careers with this tank; such as Otto Carius, who would become one of Germany's well known Tiger Ace. Though unable to deal with the heavier tanks in Allied service, it was able to engage the armour of most light tank designs at the time. It wasn't until the initiation of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, where the Panzer 38(t) has become outclassed in all ways by the Soviet T-34s and KV-1 tanks. Due to the small two-man turret, it could not be modified to accept a larger gun capable of defeating these tanks. Not only that, but the Panzer 38(t) was also vulnerable to the Soviet 47 mm anti-tank gun due to the lower armour quality on the tank. These two drawbacks of the Panzer 38(t) caused it to be retired from front-line services for better tanks such as the Panzer IV. Despite its retirement, the chassis was found to be a very adaptable design, so it would continue to be used in a variety of roles such as the Marder III and Jagdpanzer 38(t) tank destroyer, Flakpanzer 38(t) anti-aircraft gun, and the Grille self-propelled artillery piece. A dedicated reconnaissance variant known as the Aufklärungspanzer 38(t) was also built to supplement the need for reconnaissance vehicles.

Despite its retirement as a front-line weapon, the Panzer 38(t) tank still saw usage as a reconnaissance vehicle and an anti-partisan vehicle in German-controlled territory. The usage of the chassis in different roles freed up many turrets to serve as fortifications to be used in various of locations, such as the Atlantic Wall, which proved well in against infantry attacks as its small 37 mm cannon was inadequate against the increasing armour of Allied tanks.

Other countries

The Panzer 38(t), as a widely exported tank model, also saw service with Romania, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, Peru, and Iran. Sweden were one of the few countries that were granted license to construct the Panzer 38(t) under their designation as the Stridsvagn m/41 after their initial batch were seized by the Germans with the takeover of Czechoslovakia. Deliveries of the first batch of the initial tank model started in December 1942 and ended in August 1943. Then a second batch of 122 units was ordered in mid-1942 for more of these tanks due to an urgent demand, the second batch would have the 50 mm armour plate thickness and with a redesigned interior and better engine to compensate the weight increase. 104 of the second batch was delievered before production ended in March 1944. Some of these tanks would be converted into sav M/43 assault guns or armoured personnel carriers during and after the war. Peru were also another prolific user of the Panzer 38(t), using them in the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War in 1941 as the main stay of their tank battalions. The tanks added with the lack of capable anti-tank weapons in Ecuadorian forces made the Panzer 38(t) proved very well in the war and even stayed in service for more than 50 years before being retired.

Legacy

Despite becoming obsolete early in World War II, the Panzer 38(t) was well worth during the initial parts of the war of being a very reliable and mobile vehicle. Though the overall design constraints hindered its usage as a tank for the entirety of World War II, the adaptability of the design to be used in many different roles once its tank role has become insufficient made it the most widely used Czech armoured fighting vehicle design used in the entirety of World War II.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the 38(t) series from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

[Vehicle Profile] Pz.Kpfw. 38(t) Ausf. A & F
[Legends] Panzerkampfwagen 38(t)

Sources:

References


Sidebar

[expand] [collapse] German Tanks [collapse] [expand]

Light Tanks
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Medium Tanks
Heavy Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Tank Destroyers
SPAAs
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Premium & Gift Vehicles
   Rank 1   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   


Arcade ☑ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☑
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☑

germ_pzkpfw_38t_ausf_a.png

Icon-country-der.png Panzer 38(t) Ausf. A
Nation Germany
Type Light tank
Rank 1
Battle Rating
1.3
1.3
1.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
9,700 kg
21,385 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
25/15/15/10 mm
0.98/0.63/0.63/0.47 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
194 hp
111 hp
111 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
238 hp
125 hp
125 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
20.00
20.32
11.44
11.63
11.44
11.63
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
24.54
24.93
12.89
13.09
12.89
13.09
Max speed
47 km/h
29.0 mph
42 km/h
26.1 mph
42 km/h
26.1 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm KwK 38(t) Cannon
Ammo stowage 90 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/25°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.92 mm vz.37 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 5,500 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 2,900 RP
Vehicle cost 700 SL
Crew training cost 200 SL
Max repair cost*
90 SL
130 SL
160 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
14m
28m
28m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
4m
9m
9m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP, and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.79.1.125.