Medium Tank M46 Patton (73 Tank Batalion)

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

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General info

M46 Patton "Tiger" in the garage.

The M46 Patton «Tiger» (of the 73rd Tank Battalion) is a premium Rank IV American medium tank with a battle rating of 7.0. It is one of the first American tanks to be released with the American ground tree in Update 1.45 "Steel Generals". It is a premium variant of the M46 Patton, the differences being the paint job of a tiger cat on the front, drawn up by its crew during the Korean War, the lack of a HEAT-Cage around the turret and it being Rank IV instead of Rank V. It costs 6,090 Golden Eagles.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

The tank plays almost like the M26 Pershing, it's relatively fast for its size yet has a very powerful gun. In comparison, the M46 Patton features improved maneuverability with increased acceleration, it also has a better gun to combat the foes it will face at its rank. Due to this, the M46 Patton can fit into multiple roles like the Pershing as an offensive or supporting unit. Attack and flank enemy units with cooperation of allied units to get their more vulnerable sides.

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

The M46 "Tiger" Patton is very fast and maneuverable, allowing it to get to flank spots and wait for the enemy to expose their side armour, therefore allowing an effective killing blow. Alternatively it can be played as a support tank to support heavies in their attack towards the objective.

Specific enemies worth noting

At this rank, the more heavy duty vehicles appears such as the IS-3, 10.5cm Tiger II, T32, and the Maus. These tanks are a menace to not just you, but possibly your entire team. Taking these tanks out in the M46 Patton require close cooperation with other allies in order to get around and hit them in their side armour. More powerful ammunition unlocked in later modifications may improve your attempts at killing these beasts.

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Has exceptional speed/agility.
  • Rear-mounted transmission.
  • Neutral steering.
  • Low profile.
  • Excellent Gun Depression of -10°.
  • Powerful machine guns (12.7 Browning/.50BMG and 7.62 Browning/.30-06), which can penetrate certain weakly armoured vehicles without the usage of the main gun.
  • Earns more RP/Lions than its non-premium counterpart.
  • If using HEATFS, its 90mm cannon can penetrate nearly anything.

Cons

  • Turret ring is prone to breaking.
  • Armour can easily be pierced by other tanks at its rank.
  • Elevation gear is slow.
  • Struggles to penetrate many opponents from the front without HEATFS.
  • Agility and lack of a stabilizer make shooting on the move difficult.

Specifications

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Armaments

1 x 90 mm Gun M3A1 (70 rounds)
1 x 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (1,000 rounds)
1 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 machine gun (4,900 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 90 mm Gun M3A1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 70 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 15.17°/s (Stock), 20.9°/s (Upgraded), 25.4°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 28.1°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 29.9°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 11.05s (Stock), 9.78s (Full Crew), 9s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.5s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 90 mm Gun M3A1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 70 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 15.17°/s (Stock), 17.8°/s (Upgraded), 21.6°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 23.9°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 25.4°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 11.05s (Stock), 9.78s (Full Crew), 9s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.5s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 90 mm Gun M3A1
  • Ammunition Capacity: 70 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 15.17°/s (Stock), 17.8°/s (Upgraded), 21.6°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 23.9°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 25.4°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 11.05s (Stock), 9.78s (Full Crew), 9s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 8.5s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M318 shot 192 191 179 165 152 139 AP 853 11 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M71 shell 13 13 13 13 13 13 HE 823 11 0.1 0.5 925 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M82 shot 170 169 164 151 138 127 APCBC 853 11 1.2 20 137.2 +4° 48° 63° 71°
M304 shot 264 260 245 226 210 191 APCR 1021 7.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M332 shot 271 270 245 217 192 170 APCR 1178 5.6 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 66° 70° 72°
M348 shell 305 305 305 305 305 305 HEATFS 853 6.5 0.0 0.1 926.17 +0° 65° 72° 75°
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
M313 Smoke 821 11 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M46 Patton.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
70 61 (+9) (+69) Turret empty: 61 (+9) no

Secondary armaments

1 x 12.7 mm M2HB heavy machine gun (pintle mount)
1 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver
  • Assistant Driver

Total: 5 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Front)
  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Side, Rear, Roof)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 101.6 mm (42-46°) Front Glacis
162.5 mm (25-60°) Upper front glacis
76.2 mm (26-53°) Lower Glacis
76.2 mm Front
50.8 mm (0-9°) Rear
50.8 mm Top
22.2 mm (65°) Bottom
22.2 mm
Turret 101.6 mm (1-55°) Turret front
114.3 mm (1-84°) Gun mantlet
76.2 mm (3-54°) 76.2 mm (0-79°) 25.4 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 76.2 mm 25.4 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and tracks are 20 mm thick.
  • Belly armour is 25.4 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 43.8 ton

Max Speed: 53 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 1255 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 28.65 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 32°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 1545 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 35.27 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 43.8 ton

Max Speed: 47 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 716 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.35 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 35°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 810 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 18.49 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 43.8 ton

Max Speed: 47 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 716 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.35 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 35°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 810 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 18.49 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

As a premium tank all upgrades are already unlocked. The "Mark of distinction" can be earned, allowing for four decals without using a premium account.

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The M46 Patton came about around the time of the Korean War. Before that, the US Army armoured units consisted of two tanks, the venerable M4 Shermans and the newer M26 Pershings. Of the two, the Pershing was originally classified as a heavy tank as it weighed 41.7 tons compared to the Sherman's 30 ton weight, but a reorganization had the M26 Pershing classified a medium tank after World War II. It proved unsuitable for the role as its mobility was unsatisfactory for that role, using the same Sherman engine, plus an unreliable transmission, to propel a vehicle ten tons heavier.

Work began in January 1948 to upgrade the Pershing's mobility with a new engine and transmission. The project was initially designated the M26E2, but as newer upgrades and more modifications are installed onto the tank, it began to feel more like a completely new design rather than a Pershing upgrade, so it was decided to give the model a completely new designation. The end result was the Pershing tank mounting the mentioned upgrades, plus a new power plant and gun with a bore evacuator to expunge propellant fumes. This model was designated the M46 Patton, named after General George S. Patton, the commander of the US Third Army and played a role in the establishment of American tank forces. The rebuilding of the tanks began in November 1949 and had 1,160 Pershings rebuilt into M46s, 800 to the standard variant and 360 to the M46A1, which had better brakes, a cooling and fire protection system, a new engine and transmission, and better electrical equipments.

Combat usage

The M46 saw combat only during the Korean War. The first batch arrived on August 8, 1950 to the 6th Tank Battalion and proved superior to the North Korean and Chinese T-34-85s. About 200 M46 Pattons arrive to Korea by the end of 1950, making up 15% of the American armoured strength, though the majority was still the M4 Shermans. By 1951, all M26 Pershings in Korea were withdrawn and replaced by the M46 Pattons, and eventually the Shermans were also reequipped with the newer tanks as well. The 73rd Tank Battalion, formed in 1949 as a heavy tank battallion, was equipped with the M46 Pattons and deployed in Korea during the conflict. They painted their tanks with a colorful picture of a tiger cat around February or March of 1951 in an act of psychological warfare. This was due to the superstitious the North Koreans and the Chinese have on the cats, as the tigers were regarded as the king of mountains and forests, and it was believed that the image may scare off some of their highly superstitious soldiers. When the armistice was finally made, ending the conflict in the Korean Peninsula, the M46 Pattons were withdrawn back to the state.

By the later parts of the 1950s, the M46 Pattons in American service still were being replaced by the newer M47 Pattons and those still in the inventory were leased for no cost to Belgium, France, and Italy for training purposes, sending American instructors to train the European crews and maintenance personnel.

Legacy

The M46 Patton was the solution to the evident problem with the M26 Pershing that kept it out of most of World War II with its low mobility compared to the lighter M4 Shermans. A total redesign had to be made to the tank in order to finally be useful in the battlefield, even in the rough terrain of Korea. The design would continue to stay in service for a few more year as the M47 Patton, which gave the M46 Patton hull a new turret and featured newer tank technology for the evolving battlefield. The M47 Patton would see service with many other countries in and out of NATO in different conflicts around the world.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the _____ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References


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us_m46_patton_73_armor_bat.png

Icon-country-usa.png M46 "Tiger"
Nation USA
Type Medium tank
Rank 4
Battle Rating
7.0
7.0
6.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
43,800 kg
96,562 lb
Number of Crew 5
Hull armour thickness
101.6/76.2/50.8/22.2 mm
4.0/3.0/2.0/0.875 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
1,255 hp
716 hp
716 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
1,545 hp
810 hp
810 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
28.65
29.11
16.35
16.61
16.35
16.61
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
35.27
37.13
18.49
18.79
18.49
18.79
Max speed
53 km/h
33.0 mph
47 km/h
29.4 mph
47 km/h
29.4 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 90 mm M3A1 Cannon
Ammo stowage 70 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 12.7 mm M2HB Heavy machine gun
Ammo stowage 1,000 rounds
Mount Pintle mount
Vertical guidance -10°/50°
Horizontal guidance -120°/120°
1 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 4,900 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost 6,090 GE
Crew training cost 10,000 SL
Max repair cost*
1,670 SL
2,590 SL
2,390 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
2d 09h
4d 21h
4d 18h
Free repair time (Upgraded)
19h 04m
1d 15h
1d 14h
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