M5A1 Stuart 5th Canadian Armored Division

From WarThunder-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This page is about the premium M5A1 Stuart 5th Arm.Div., if you are looking for the regular one, see M5A1 Stuart


Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

M5A1 Stuart of the 5th Canadian Armored Division in the Garage.

The M5A1 Stuart 5th Canadian Armored Division is a gift Rank II American light tank with a battle rating of 2.3. It was introduced in Update 1.70.1945 "Weapons of Victory". Essentially a gift version of the M5A1 Stuart, it's cost was $9.99 in the Gaijin Store, but has since been removed and is no longer obtainable.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Like all early American tanks in early ranks, this tank works best from a distance where its armour can shine and its gun can provide fast covering fire. However, this tank also works well in tight spaces if the armour is angled correctly, thanks to is ability to bounce shots and snipe enemy crew with its AP ammunition.

When fighting against 1.3 to 2.3 BR tanks, use your tank offensively. Push to the cap and hold it, peak out and aim for gunners, then finish them off. the biggest threat to you in this bracket is the SPAA and Tank Destroyers, as both can quickly destroy you. When fighting SPAA, peak and kill their gunner as fast as possible. Do not wait for him to come to you, get him when he isn't expecting it. Tank destroyers are similar, if you can get a shot when he can't aim at you, take it.

There are always times when you get uptiered to 3.3 and start facing the long 75mm guns of Germany and Japan. Don't let that stop you from topping the leader board. Use your superior speed to get to the cap before anyone else and take it. Be mindful of artillery but don't expose yourself just to get out of it's range. Remain in or close to the cap until you can see the enemy tanks approaching. On maps like Novorossiysk where you can hide in the park's capture point without being seen, watch for the enemy mediums to leave the urban area. That is your chance, peak and aim for gunners. if there is more than one, change your position and cripple as many as you can, then finish off anyone who hasn't retreated. By now your mediums will have arrived, so you can play more aggressively. Flank them hard and hit them from behind. Be sure not to be surprised by SPAA, because at this BR they will kill you in a heartbeat.

In battle matches it's best to flank them. Head around as far away from the usual battle sites as possible and then hit them from behind. A good surprise attack from the rear could get you as much as 4-5 kills in less than a minute.

Always remember that your armour can bounce low velocity shots, but don't rely on it. most tanks can and will penetrate your upper glacis.

Vehicle characteristics

One of the biggest characteristics that the M5A1 Stuart has is the almost ramp-like structure on the turret and wraps around it. Another characteristic is the Incredible reverse speed. the Stuarts reverse speed is faster than some tanks forward speed off-road so if your in a pickle off-road use your speed to evade.

Tactics

With the fast reloading 37 mm cannon, the M5A1 Stuart can deliver some good-hitting rounds if shooting at the flank at the enemies. A frontal engagement is possible, but detrimental as the Stuart's thin armour makes any incoming shot lethal. If coming up to heavily armoured vehicles like the KV-1, load the M74B1 AP round for maximum penetration. In the case the M5A1 does come across a KV-1, the recommended course of action to take it out is to get in a point-blank range and fire at the turret ring or engine rear, otherwise there is no way for the Stuart's 37 mm to penetrate the armour.

Specific enemies worth noting

With its weak overall armour, most enemies are able to penetrate the M5A1 Stuart. A specific concern should be to vehicles with high rate of fire weaponry such as the SPAA, which might be able to penetrate through weak points around the Stuart with enough effort. Enemies with strong shells like the Panzer IV with its short 75 mm and its HEAT rounds could also destroy the Stuart with ease.

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • High top speed, good acceleration.
  • Better handling than it's predecessors.
  • Armour is mediocre but is good.
  • Good rate of fire.
  • Gun can penetrate most tanks it faces.
  • Fast turning speeds.
  • Can turn rotate fast while not in motion.
  • Accelerates fast on flat terrain.

Cons:

  • Crew of 4, only 1 spare crew member.
  • Exposed fuel tank and engine.
  • Prone to fires.
  • As with the American 37 mm cannons, AP shots have no HE filler.
  • AP Shots often fail to fragment when penetrating other vehicles.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 37 mm Gun M6 (147 rounds)
2 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 machine gun (6000 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 37 mm Gun M6
  • Ammunition Capacity: 147 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14°/s (Stock), 19.4°/s (Upgraded), 23.6°/s (Prior + Full Crew), 26.1°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 27.8°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Gun M6
  • Ammunition Capacity: 147 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14.3°/s (Stock), 16.8°/s (Upgraded), 20.4°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), 22.56°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 24.0°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Gun M6
  • Ammunition Capacity: 147 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -12°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 14.3°/s (Stock), 16.8°/s (Upgraded), 20.4°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), 22.56°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 24.0°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M74B1 90 89 69 50 37 27 AP 883 0.87 N/A N/A N/A -1° 47° 60° 65°
M63 Shell 2 2 2 2 2 2 HE 807 0.73 0.1 0.5 38 +0° 79° 80° 81°
M51B1/B2 79 78 69 59 51 43 APC 883 0.87 N/A N/A N/A +4° 48° 63° 71°
Ammo racks
Ammo rack of the M5A1 Stuart.
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
147 111 (+36) 74 (+73) 37 (+110) 1 (+146) None No

Secondary armaments

2 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 machine gun (coaxial and pintle mount)

Crew

  • Commander/Loader
  • Gunner
  • Driver
  • Assistant Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet, Lower glacis)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 28.5 mm (49°) Front glacis
63.5 mm (33-37°) Lower glacis
28.5 mm 28.5 mm (46°) Top
25.4 mm (1°) Middle
25.4 mm (20°) Bottom
12.7 mm
Turret 44.4 mm (11-13°) Turret front
50.8 mm (2-43°) Gun mantlet
31.75 mm (1°) 31.75 mm (1°) 12.7 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels, bogies, and tracks are 15 mm thick.
  • Tracks are placed on the turret side and rear that can provide about 10 mm of extra armour.
  • An extra 12.7 mm RHA metal plate is present on the right side of the turret near the pintle 7.62 mm machine gun.
  • A 5 mm Structural steel box is present, mounted on the vehicle rear.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 15.6 ton

Max Speed: 62 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 459 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 29.42 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 29°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 565 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 36.22 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 37°
Weight: 15.6 ton

Max Speed: 56 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 262 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.79 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 32°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 296 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 18.97 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 37°
Weight: 15.6 ton

Max Speed: 56 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 262 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 16.79 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 32°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 296 hp @ 3199 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 18.97 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 37°

Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Development

The American light tank design prior to World War II, the M2 light tank, was seen as obsolete after observing Germany's Panzer forces tear through Europe. The design was to be upgraded with more armour, a better suspension, and a new gun recoil system. The revised version was designated the Light Tank M3, and given the name "General Stuart" by the British, which becomes part of the name. At its basis, the light tank had a 37 mm cannon with a similar layout as the M2 light tank, with the radial engine at the rear and the transmission on the front, though the radial engine was in high demand so the Guiberson diesel T-1210 were fitted in some models to substitute the engine. The design used the VVSS bogie system seen on previous American tank designs. The tank had a crew of four: driver, assistant driver, gunner, and commander, who doubled as the loader.

The first variant of the M3 Stuart light tank was very similar to the M2 light tanks. It had five machine gun armaments scattered around like the M2, but featured better armour and a better cannon with the 37 mm M6 cannon. The design did not have a turret basket for the crew and it was constructed out of rivets, which increased the chance of spalling in the tank. Nevertheless, the first variant M3 saw about 5,811 units produced. The second variant, the Light Tank M3A1 Stuart, featured a new turret with no cupola on it, plus an added gun stabilizer. The machine guns on the hull sides were removed, so now the total machine guns was reduced from five to three. The design also featured a welded armour design to remove the weakness of riveted armour. 4,621 of this variant was produced from May 1942 to February 1943. The most used variant, the Light Tank M5A1 Stuart, had a completely redesigned hull and turret, with the hull most notably having a full sloping frontal armour than the previous designs. This variant had about 6,810 units produced. All in all, the Stuart light tank design and its variants were produced in massive quantities from March 1941 to October 1943 with a total of 25,000 units produced.

Combat usage

The British were the first to use the M3 Stuart in Africa in 1941, using it in Operation Crusader. However, the result ended with heavy losses, due to the better training the German Afrika Korps had compared to the British tank doctrine. The encounter also pointed out many flaws in the Stuart, mainly the cramped interior and limited operational range, but was praised for its high mobility and reliability when compared to the British contemporary designs. In 1942, the Stuarts were generally kept as recon units rather than combat units, and some were even modified to improve speed and range by removing the turret, and others were converted to armoured personnel carriers and command vehicles. Though the British used it extensively, it was still in small proportion compared to the American usage. The Soviet Union was also another user of the Stuart tanks, but found it unfavorable due to their own logistics, plus it was not made to withstand the Russian Rasputitsa or even the winter. The Soviet eventually turned down any more offers for the Stuart by 1943. The Canadians also used it in their armoured force, such as in the 5th Canadian Armoured Division that served at Italy in 1943 and Belgium in 1945 against the Axis Forces. The Stuarts also supported the British and Chinese forces in Asia against the Japanese Army, and also France and Yugoslavia in Europe against the German Wehrmacht.

The Americans used it widely in both operational theaters. In the Pacific, the Stuarts were the first tanks America used in a tank vs. tank operation against the Imperial Japanese Army, where five M3s fought Type 95 Ha-Gos in the Phillippines. Though the Stuarts were newer than the Japanese tank designs by about five years, they were seen as equal in performance and firepower, but the Stuart benefited by the support of the American industry arm. The Stuarts served in the Pacific slightly better than its heavier counterparts such as the M4 Shermans due to its lighter weight and maneuverability in the poor jungle terrain, but the Stuarts in the Pacific were gradually replaced by M4 Shermans. In Europe, the Stuarts formed a large part of the American tank battalions, though following the British path by sidelining the Stuarts from combat duties after heavy losses and to serve alongside Shermans as scouting units. A typical tank battalion for the US Army consisted of three companies of Shermans and one of Stuarts. The Stuarts, other than scouting, were also used in cavalry roles and infantry support since their cannon are unable to compete with the German tank designs. Despite their dwindling capabilities in battle, the Stuart was kept in service up until the end of the war due to the large production numbers.

After World War II, the Stuarts were given out as cheap surplus, countries such as China, India, and Pakistan picked up a few and used them in their conflicts. Portuguese also picked up a few Stuarts for the war in Angola, and the South African Corps continued using the Stuarts until 1955, where some were still kept in service until 1968 due to available parts. Today, Paraguay is still a user of the Stuart light tanks, though as the only tracked armour used in the country.

The Stuart light tank design was also quite versatile that it was made into different variants for different roles on the battlefield. It served as an infantry support vehicle as the 75mm GMC M8 and experiments were also taken to see if it could be adapted to an anti-aircraft gun and a flamethrower as well. However, the Stuarts were becoming an aging design with inferior armour, cramped interior layout, and a small 37 mm gun, so a program to replace the light tank began in 1943 and became the M24 Chaffee, which would eventually replace the Stuarts mostly after World War II.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the _____ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References


Sidebar

[expand] [collapse] American Tanks [collapse] [expand]

Light Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Medium Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
Heavy Tanks
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Tank Destroyers
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
SPAAs
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   
Premium & Gift Vehicles
   Rank 1   
   Rank 2   
  • M5A1 Stuart (5th Arm.Div.)
   Rank 3   
   Rank 4   
   Rank 5   
   Rank 6   


Arcade ☑ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☑
Simulator ☐

Arcade ☐ Realistic ☐
Simulator ☑

us_m5a1_stuart_canadian_5st_arm.png

Icon-country-usa.png M5A1 Stuart «5th Canadian Arm. Div.»
Nation Canada (USA)
Type Light tank
Rank 2
Battle Rating
2.3
2.3
2.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
15,600 kg
34,392 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
28.5/28.5/25.4/12.7 mm
1.12/1.12/1.0/0.5 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
459 hp
262 hp
262 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
565 hp
296 hp
296 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
29.42
29.89
16.79
17.06
16.79
17.06
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
36.22
36.80
18.97
19.28
18.97
19.28
Max speed
62 km/h
39 mph
56 km/h
35 mph
56 km/h
35 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm M6 Cannon
Ammo stowage 147 rounds
Vertical guidance -12°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Coaxial
1 x 7.62 mm M1919A4 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Pintle-mount
Vertical guidance -10°/70°
Horizontal guidance -60°/60°
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost N/A
Crew training cost 2,300 SL
Max repair cost*
650 SL
920 SL
1,030 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
31m
1h 02m
1h 02m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
10m
20m
20m
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP, and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.77.2.191.