★M3 Medium

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Nation-su.png M3 Lee in the garage.

The M3 Medium (a Soviet M3 Lee) is a gift Rank I Russian medium tank with a battle rating of 2.7. It was introduced sometime during Update 1.55 "Royal Armour". It was first obtained via the special event "Defender combined battles" in 20 February 2016 and has been occasionally available to be obtained since. It is virtually identical to the M3 Lee; the different name comes from the Russian designation of just "M3 Medium".

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

The multiple cannons allow for different combinations of attack. The 75 mm gun possesses armour penetration on about the level of the 37mm gun; however, the damage upon penetration is extremely high provided that you use the M61 APCBC shell with HE filler. On the other hand, the 37mm gun allows for close quarters and longer-range fighting, where its high-velocity and effective shell make for good long range targeting while it is also the only cannon on the Lee that has a full 360 degree traverse. The medium tank also provides adequate front armour to protect itself from incoming shells.

Vehicle characteristics

The M3 Lee is most well recognized for its tall profile and two cannons. The suspension resembles that of the M4 Sherman, the only notable difference being the return rollers' positions. The hull front is also stepped into two plates, where the upper is closer to vertical. The large sponson on the right side (if you are inside it) carriers the main 75mm gun; note that with 2 crew, it is the operational gun. The 37mm gun is in a turret, mounted with a leftward offset, and has a small MG cupola on top.

Tactics

Different guns mean different styles of play. You can also play it as a tank destroyer, using its sponson gun to take shots at medium range and its 37mm to cover your flanks and make longer range snipe shots. You can also use it as an assault tank, quickly advancing on points while switching between the powerful 75mm gun and the faster-firing 37mm. In all game modes, you should assign the three gun profiles to different keys, this will allow you to aim using the sights of the three guns separately, allowing you to actually hit things at range with the 75mm gun.

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

When combating this tank, avoid its 75mm gun by flanking the vehicle, then get in close and hug the sides or rear of the vehicle to prevent them form turning and sparing you the fire from their 37mm gun. Aim for the large superstructure, a solid penetration will knock out all 7 crew members or make the ammunition combust. Note that firing through the side hatch usually warrants an instant kill owing to the lack of sloping and ammunition storage.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Ability to use two guns: a 37mm and a 75mm - which is unique as well as useful at this rank.
  • Best gun depression of all Russian tanks at this battle rating: -7°
  • Acceptable frontal armour
  • Side mounted 75 mm gives the ability for some unique tactics
  • Despite the tall profile, the "wedding cake" design of the turret has thick sloped armour, providing extra protection to make up for its height.
  • 6 crew members, harder to kill
  • Good for researching low rank tanks.
  • Premium and Research rewards.

Cons:

  • Tall profile, big target
  • 75 mm sponson weapon does not allow for hull-down combat
  • Tall position of turret restricts gun depression
  • Slow traverse speeds make it easy for a light or a particularly speedy medium tank to sneak around the sides
  • Weak side armour
  • Very awkward to use for new players.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Armaments

1 x 37 mm Gun M5 (113 rounds)
1 x 75 mm Gun M2 (50 rounds)
2 x 7.62 mm Browning M1919A4 machine gun (6,000 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 37 mm Gun M5 (on the turret)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 113 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -7°
  • Gun Elevation: 60°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), 14.8°/s (Upgraded), __._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), __._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Gun M5 (on the turret)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 113 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -7°
  • Gun Elevation: 60°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), 12.6°/s (Upgraded), 15.3°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), 16.92°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 18°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 37 mm Gun M5 (on the turret)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 113 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -7°
  • Gun Elevation: 60°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), 12.6°/s (Upgraded), 15.3°/s (Upgraded + Full Crew), 16.92°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 18°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reloading Rate: 3.77s (Stock), 3.33s (Full Crew), 3.07s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), 2.9s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M74B1 90 89 69 50 37 27 AP 883 0.87 N/A N/A N/A -1° 43° 30° 25°
M51B1/B2 79 78 69 59 51 43 APC 883 0.87 N/A N/A N/A -1° 42° 27° 19°

Secondary armament

1 x 75 mm Gun M2 (on sponson mount)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 50 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -9°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
1 x 75 mm Gun M2 (on sponson mount)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 50 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -9°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
1 x 75 mm Gun M2 (on sponson mount)
  • Ammunition Capacity: 50 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -9°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay in m: Fuse sensitivity in mm: Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30° from horizontal: Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
M72 shot 96 95 81 66 54 45 AP 588 6.3 N/A N/A N/A -1° 43° 30° 25°
M48 shell 10 10 10 10 10 10 HE 448 6.3 0.4 0.5 666 +0° 11° 10°
M62 shot 79 78 72 65 58 52 APCBC 588 6.8 1.2 20 63.7 +4° 42° 27° 19°
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
M89 Smoke 259 3 13 5 20 50
Ammo racks
Ammo racks of the M3 Lee
  • The 37mm currently also uses the 75mm racks as last two racks and three racks (x) are not used at all. The 75mm currently doesn't use any ammo racks
Shell
calibres
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
7th
rack empty
8th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
Main
Secondary
128
65
122 (+6)
65 (+0)
104 (+24)
 
86 (+42)
 
69 (+59)
 
52 (+76)
 
35 (+93)
 
18 (+110)
 
(+127)
 
Turret empty: 104 (+24) Yes

Tertiary armaments

1 x 7.62 mm Browning M1919A4 machine gun (coaxial) 1 x 7.62 mm Browning M1919A4 machine gun (cupola turret)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner x2
  • Loader x2
  • Driver

Total: 6 Crew members

Armour

Armour Type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret, Transmission area)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 38.1 mm (54°) Front Glacis
50.8 mm (15-55°) Transmission area
50.8 mm (29°) Driver port
38.1 mm (0-57°) Hull gun mount
38.1 mm (0-22°) Top
38.1 mm Bottom
38.1 mm (1-14°) Top
38.1 mm (15-53°) Bottom
12.7 mm
Turret 50.8 mm (11-65°) Turret front
38.1 mm (1-82°) Gun mantlet
50.8 mm (0-66°) 50.8 mm (1-54°) 22.2 mm
Armour Sides Roof
Cupola 50.8 mm 50.8 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels are 15 mm thick, bogies are 10 mm thick, and tracks are 17 mm thick.
  • Hull doors and vision ports are 38.1 mm thick.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 27.7 ton

Max Speed: 43 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 620 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 22.38 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 763 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 27.54 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 43°
Weight: 27.7 ton

Max Speed: 39 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 354 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.78 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 400 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.44 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°
Weight: 27.7 ton

Max Speed: 39 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 354 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 12.78 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: 400 hp @ 2400 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.44 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 41°

Modules and improvements

As a premium tank all upgrades are already unlocked. The "Mark of distinction" can be earned, allowing for four decals without using a premium account.

History of creation and combat usage

Development

After the development of the M2 medium tank, the Battle of France showed that such a tank was not going to be capable to go against the German Panzer IIIs and Panzer IVs. With the Western Allies now embroiled in the North African campaign against the Germans and Italians, the Allies needed a good tank capable of going against the Panzer tanks, and they needed it quickly.

The M3 Lee tank started from the basis of the M2 Medium Tank, using the chassis and the VVSS suspension system. It was to mount the 75 mm cannon, however it was discovered that the United States does not have a turret design that can mount the 75 mm gun. So as development on the turret proceeded, the 75 mm on the M3 Lee would be a sponson mounted. This design was tested on the M2 medium tank as the T5E2, which was approved for the M3 Lee design. The M3 Lee featured a medium tank with two guns, the 75 mm on the hull sponson mount, and a 37 mm with a coaxial machine gun on a turret, a cupola on the turret had its own machine gun. The use of two gun mounts on a tank was similar to the German Neubaufahrzeug and Soviet T-35 tanks. The M3 Lee's 75 mm gun however presented a huge advantage over contemporary tank armaments, the 75 mm could fire high-explosive rounds for against infantry, yet could fire a shell with a high enough velocity for anti-tank purposes.

The M3 Lee's faults was the high profile and the sponson mount for its armament. The M3 Lee was 10 ft. 3 in. tall, a feet taller than the M2 medium tank. The 75 mm on a sponson mount meant that the main armament of the tank had a limited traverse compared to a rotatable turret and forced the tank to reveal much of its body in order to aim the gun at the enemy. The M3 Lee was also constructed out of rivets (which increased spalling) and had a smooth track design which reduced ground traction. Despite these disadvantages, the Allies happily accepted them as they were critically low on tanks, and German Colonel Hans von Luck considered them superior to the Panzer IVs.

The initial batch of M3 Lees were given to the British for their campaign at North Africa. The British experience with the M3 Lee pointed out most of the M3 Lee's flaws, but they were concerned with the lack of radio in the turret and a lacking in armour, with which they modified the M3 Lee to accommodate. The new design had a new cast turret with room for a radio, the hull had thicker armour, and the turret cupola's machine gun was removed for a simple hatch. The modified M3 Lee also required one less crew member due to the radio now being in the turret for the commander rather than for a radio operator. The British ordered 1,250 of these modified M3 medium tanks.

On August 1941, production started on the M3 Lee, though the armour was thicker than initials batches of the tank due to its combat experiences. A majority of these were completed at Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Of the total 6,258 M3s built between start up to the end of production in December 1942, 2,855 units went to the British and 1,386 went to the Soviet Union. Other users of the M3 Lee were the Australians and Indians in the Pacific Theater. The M3 Lee arriving in British arsenal caused confusion as the same "M3" designation was given to the M3 Light Tank. This set off the tradition of naming American tanks after generals, where the M3 medium tank earned the Lee for the Americans (Grant for the British variant) and the M3 light tank earned the Stuart.

Combat usage

To be filled

Screenshots and fan art

Additional information (links)

Obtainable events

The M3 Lee USSR has been available to be obtained on three occasions:

References


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ussr_m3c.png

Icon-country-sov.png M3 Medium
Nation USSR
Type Medium tank
Rank 1
Battle Rating 2.7

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
27,700 kg
61,068 lb
Number of Crew 6
Hull armour thickness
50.8/38.1/38.1/12.7 mm
2.0/1.5/1.5/0.5 inches
Statistics
Engine power (stock)
620 hp
354 hp
354 hp
Engine power (upgraded)
763 hp
400 hp
400 hp
HP/ton ratio (stock)
22.38
22.74
12.78
12.98
12.78
12.98
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
27.54
27.99
14.44
14.67
14.44
14.67
Max speed
43 km/h
26.7 mph
39 km/h
24.0 mph
39 km/h
24.0 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 37 mm M5 Cannon
Ammo stowage 113 rounds
Vertical guidance -7°/60°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 75 mm M2 Cannon
Ammo stowage 50 rounds
Mount Hull mounted
Vertical guidance -9°/20°
Horizontal guidance -15°/15°
Tertiary Weapon
1 x M1919A4 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Coaxial
1 x M1919A4 Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,000 rounds
Mount Cupola
Vertical guidance -10°/60°
Economy
Required RP N/A
Vehicle cost N/A
Crew training cost 4,700 SL
Max repair cost*
1,000 SL
1,210 SL
1,290 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
1h 04m
2h 08m
1h 48m
Free repair time (Upgraded)
21m
42m
36m
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