Hurricane Mk IIB (USSR)

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Soviet Hurricane Mk IIB in the Garage.

The Nation-su.png Hurricane Mk IIB is a premium Rank II Soviet fighter with a battle rating of 3.0. It was introduced in Update 1.51 "Cold Steel". It costs 700 Golden Eagles.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

Although a highly successful and popular fighter, by 1940 the Hurricane Mk I was already showing itself to be inferior to enemy fighters such as the Messerschmitt 109. Experience from the Battle of Britain had also proved that the Hurricane’s rifle-calibre 0.303 machine guns were inferior to larger calibre weapons being operated by enemy aircraft.

The Hurricane II was developed by adding the 1280 HP Rolls Royce Merlin XX engine and lengthening the fuselage slightly. This Hurricane Mk IIA was further modified by adding the ‘universal wing’ to allow the use of under wing stores such as rockets.

The aircraft arrived via Lend-lease in Russia during the early stages of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1942). Before putting the Hurricane into service, the Soviets replaced the 7.7mm Brownings with their indigenous 2x 12.7mm Berezin-UB MGs and 2x 20mm ShVAK cannons. This armament proved to be much more powerful, even surpassing its contemporary rivals, such as the BF-109F, in weight of fire. The Soviet Hurricane had far more weight of fire than its Commenwealth counterpart, and this is why it has an in-game BR of 3.0, much like the Sea Hurricane Mk IC and its four Hispano 20mm cannons.

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Strong armament.
  • Small turn radius at low speeds.

Cons:

  • Low top speed.
  • Bad roll rate.
  • Bad acceleration and dive characteristics.
  • Vulnerable to boom and zoom aircraft like the P-47.

Specifications

Armaments

Offensive armaments

  • 2 x 20 mm ShVAK cannon, wing-mounted (120 rpg = 240 total)
  • 2 x 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun, wing-mounted (100 rpg = 200 total)

Payloads

  • Without load
  • 6 x 82 mm RS-82 rockets
  • 6 x 82 mm RBS-82 rockets

Armour

  • 38 mm Bulletproof glass in the cockpit front.
  • 12.7 mm Steel plate in the pilot's rear.
  • 6.35 mm Steel plate between the top fuel tank and oil cooling system.

Engine & mobility

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator


Engine

Name: Rolls-Royce Merlin-XX 12-cylinder inline
  • Cooling type: Water
  • Max power: 920 hp (Stock), 1149 hp (Upgraded)
  • Takeoff power: 1074 hp (Stock), 1302 hp (Upgraded)
  • Mass: 658 kg
Name: Rolls-Royce Merlin-XX 12-cylinder inline
  • Cooling type: Water
  • Max power: 910 hp (Stock), 1020 hp (Upgraded)
  • Takeoff power: 1063 hp (Stock), 1173 hp (Upgraded)
  • Mass: 658 kg
Name: Rolls-Royce Merlin-XX 12-cylinder inline
  • Cooling type: Water
  • Max power: 910 hp (Stock), 1020 hp (Upgraded)
  • Takeoff power: 1063 hp (Stock), 1173 hp (Upgraded)
  • Mass: 658 kg

Stats

Stock
  • Max speed: 480 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 20.3 s
  • Rate of Climb: 8.3 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m

Upgraded

  • Max speed: 529 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 17.8 s
  • Rate of Climb: 20.3 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m
Stock
  • Max speed: 470 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 20.7 s
  • Rate of Climb: 10.0 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m

Upgraded

  • Max speed: 504 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 19.0 s
  • Rate of Climb: 13.3 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m
Stock
  • Max speed: 470 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 20.7 s
  • Rate of Climb: 10.0 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m

Upgraded

  • Max speed: 504 km/h
    • at height: 5,500 m
  • Max altitude: 11,500 m
  • Turn Time: 19.0 s
  • Rate of Climb: 13.3 m/s
  • Takeoff run: 360 m

Performance

Warning this is still in the test phase and is probably incorrect. Take information with a grain of salt (data taken from 1.55)




0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
0
0.28
0.56
0.84
1.12
1.4
Horsepower in 1000hp
Altitude in 1000m

Supercharger Stage #1: 100%

Supercharger Stage #1: WEP

Supercharger Stage #2: 100%

Supercharger Stage #2: WEP



Modules and improvements

History of creation and combat usage

Right after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Britain offered immediate assistance and send a wing with two Hurricane equipped squadrons to Murmansk in September. The Brits were happily welcomed near the frontline by their Russian Hosts. Flt Lt. Jack Ross, who recently gained ace status, wrote in his memoires: "The whole wing passed out completely after drinking vodka. I was so bad I completely missed the concert given in our honour."[1] During the deployment, No. 151 Wing got quite some action, before defensive patrols and training duty became predominant. Many Russian pilots were trained by the Brits, before the Hurricanes were handed over to the Soviets on 18 October. The Wing has scored 15 kills for the loss of one aircraft.

In late 1941, Hurricanes started to arrive in the Soviet Union as a key part of the first batch of lend-lease aircraft supplied by the Western Allies, together with Curtiss Tomahawks IIs and Kittyhawk Is and Bell P-39 Airacobras. They joined the latest generation of Soviet fighters - LaGG-3 and Yak-1 -at a time when prodcution of the MiG-3 had been discontined. Each type had advantages and disadvantages. In difference to the other aircraft, the Hurricane had been developed and combat proven since its creation: the other aircraft were still operational and design defects. The main drawback for the Hurricane was its lack of speed, altough all the fighters in the Russian inventory lagged behind their main rival, the BF-109F, in speed and rate of climb. However, in the turning fight, the Hurricane was superior to any BF-109."[2]

Most combats between Soviet and German fighters in 1941-42 began with a head-on formation attack. Usually, a ‘defensive circle’ would then be formed in which pilots would protect the tail of the aircraft flying in front of them. In a defensive circle the parameters of maximum speed and rate of climb had no practical significance, which nullified the advantages of the Luftwaffe fighters. Firepower was often the decisive factor, and the Hurricane in Soviet service had no equal in this respect. In fact the Soviet Hurricane, with its two 20 mm ShVAK guns and two 12.7 mm large calibre UBK machine guns producing a weight of fire of 3.84 kg (8.45 lb) per second, not only surpassed all single-engined Soviet fighters but also its German opponents. The Bf 109F, armed with just one 20 mm MG 151 cannon and two 7.92 mm MG 17 machine guns, produced a weight of fire of 1.99 kg (4.38 lbs) per second. Consequently, its pilots declined to engage Hurricanes in head-on attacks. The British fighter’s sturdy construction and relative bulk also made it a stable gun platform, being able to pour a concentrated stream of fire onto its target.[2]

In 1942 the Hurricane was the most numerous Western Allied fighter in the inventory of the Soviet Union’s Red Army and Naval Air Force units serving on the enormous Soviet-German front. A major expansion of Red Army Air Force fighter regiments had been made possible by the monthly shipments of equipment from the Allies under lend-lease, which had been arriving since December 1941. In the winter of 1941-42 these shipments were needed more than ever. The halting of the German advance on Moscow in January 1942 encouraged the Soviet command to build on this achievement with a series of offensive operations along the western, northwestern and Kalinin fronts. Many of the fighter regiments equipped with the Hurricane were the first to be mobilised along these fronts. Yet the Hurricane’s contribution to the Soviet war effort has tended to be overshadowed. Its performance was considered inferior to that of the Messerschmitt Bf 109Fs and Gs opposing it. Many reports from this period, when Soviet fighter units suffered heavy losses, characterised the Hurricane as obsolete, bulky and slow. It was almost considered to be a burden on the fighter units operating it. And the Hurricane was unlikely to be the mount of an ace fighter pilot. Of course, there is a grain of truth in this. It was difficult to measure the Hurricane’s strengths against the latest Messerschmitt fighters, and it was hardly surprising that the more highly trained pilots tried to get themselves transferred to units operating faster and more manoeuvrable fighters at the earliest opportunity.

The highest scoring ace of the Northern Fleet Air Force, twice Hero of the Soviet Union (HSU) Boris Feoktistovich Safonov, led the first Soviet fighter air regiment equipped with Hurricanes. He flew 44 sorties between October 1941 and February 1942 with the type. Although he encountered enemy aircraft only twice during this time, on each occasion he was able to increase his personal score. He was credited with shooting down a Bf 109 and an He 111 for his 15th and 16th aerial victories. But when more modern Kittyhawk Is arrived in-theatre Safonov immediately transferred from the Hurricane to the American fighter, which, until his death in combat on 30 May 1942, enabled him to account for four more aircraft (three of these were Ju 88s downed on his final ill-fated mission).[2]

Another reason for the negative attitude towards the Hurricane was that Soviet fighter regiments equipped with imported aircraft quickly lost their operational readiness during the intense combat of 1942. This was due to inadequate flying training and a lack of replacement pilots and aircraft in reserve to make good losses suffered after just two or three weeks of combat. Units had to be pulled back to the rear to be re-equipped, as a rule, with another aircraft type. It was factors such as these that left bitter memories of the Hurricane with many Soviet pilots, who flew the fighter for such a short period of time that there was no possibility of them becoming aces.

To sum up this analysis of the Hurricane, it was a fighter whose combat and flying characteristics enabled it to stand above its contemporaries in the Red Army Air Force inventory during the first half of 1942. Thanks to these traits, most combat reports from Soviet fighter regiments of the period highlighted the aircraft’s positive combat characteristics. The Hurricane can therefore be described as a fighter that fully met the demands of the air war being fought in the complex circumstances of the Soviet-German front in 1942. It was simple to fly, did not require special training and was able to operate from airstrips in the field. Pilots with little training not only became rapidly familiar with the aircraft but could also fly it confidently, and were able, with the improved Soviet armament installed in the Hurricane IIB, to shoot down enemy bombers. They could also successfully engage any hostile aircraft.[2]

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the ___ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

References

  1. [1], Thomas, Hurricane Aces 1941–45, (2003), Aircraft of the Aces Series No.57, Osprey Publishing Ltd.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 [2], Thomas, Soviet Hurricane Aces of World War 2, (2012), Aircraft of the Aces Series No.107, Osprey Publishing Ltd.
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hurricanemkii_ussr.png

Icon-country-sov.png Hurricane Mk IIB
Nation USSR
Type Fighter
Fighting style Boom & Zoom
Turn Fighting

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Empty Weight ~2872 kg
Empty Weight + fuel ~3189 kg
Takeoff Weight ~3412 kg
Wing Area ~24 m²
# Flap Positions 3
Number of Engines 1
Air Brakes no
Arrestor Gear no
Statistics
Power per Engine 1160 hp
WEP Duration infinite
top speed ~504.00 kph at 5500 m
Climb Rate 19 m/s
Optimal climb velocity ~220 kph
Turn Time ~19.00 s
Wing loading (Empty) ~120.00 kg/m²
Characteristics
Empty Weight ~6332 lb
Empty Weight + fuel ~7031 lb
Takeoff Weight ~7522 lb
Wing Area ~258 ft²
# Flap Positions 3
Number of Engines 1
Air Brakes no
Arrestor Gear no
Statistics
Power per Engine 1160 hp
WEP Duration infinite
Top speed ~313.17 mph at 18045 m
Climb Rate 62 ft/s
Optimal climb velocity ~137 mph
Turn Time 19.00 s
Wing loading (Empty) ~24.58 lb/ft²
Main Weapons
1 x ShVAK 100 RPG
1 x ShVAK 150 RPG
1 x Berezin UB 100 RPG
1 x Berezin UB 150 RPG
Payload Option 1
Without load Clean Plane
Payload Option 2
6 x 🚀 82mm, 6.8kg RS-82 rocket
Limits
Max Speed limit 630 kph
Gear limit 230 kph
Combat Flaps 465 kph
Max static +G's ~11
Max static -G's ~11
Optimal Velocities
Ailerons <340 kph
Rudder <380 kph
Elevators <380 kph
Radiator >240 kph
Limits
Max Speed limit 390 mph
Gear limit 145 mph
Combat Flaps 290 mph
Max static +G's ~11
Max static -G's ~11
Optimal Velocities
Ailerons <211 mph
Rudder <236 mph
Elevators <236 mph
Radiator >149 mph
Manual Control
Mixer is not controllable
Pitch is controllable
no automatic pitch
Radiator (water) is controllable
Radiator (oil) is not controllable
Oil and water uses combined radiator control
Supercharger is controllable
Turbocharger is not controllable
Compressor settings 1
Optimal Altitude
3675 m
12060 ft
100% Engine power 1160 hp
WEP Engine power 1340 hp
Compressor settings 2
Optimal Altitude
5200 m
17060 ft
100% Engine power 1170 hp
WEP Engine power 1346 hp
* Data according to in-game results at sea level. (Game version 1.73.1.83)