FV 221 Caernarvon

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Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

General info

The Caernarvon in the garage.

The FV 221 Caernarvon is a Rank IV British heavy tank with a battle rating of 6.7 (AB/RB) and 6.3 (SB). It was introduced along with the initial British tree line in Update 1.55 "Royal Armour". Featuring heavy armour on the hull with a Centurion Mk.3 turret, the Caernarvon provides adequate armour, mobility with the bite of a 20-pounder. The variant featured in the game is the Mark II, the experimental series with the 20-pounder whereas the Mark I was the initial prototype with a 17-pounder instead.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

General play style

Vehicle characteristics

Tactics

Specific enemies worth noting

Counter-tactics

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Same armament as the Centurion Mk 3, has a very good stock round and access to APDS.
  • Very fast reload for a large calibre.
  • Fast turret and hull traverse.
  • Good acceleration.
  • The Caernarvon plays like a beefed up Centurion Mk 3.
  • Brake system is very responsive.
  • Access to gun stabilizer.
  • Wider tracks enables the Caernarvon to navigate through bad terrain much better than the Centurion Mk 3.

Cons:

  • Lower glacis is still a weak spot.
  • Large Ammo Rack Behind LFP (Can Be Removed By Bringing Less Than 34 Shells)
  • APDS shot does punctual damage.
  • No explosive filler in any shells.
  • Weak side armour, should not be exposed in any way when engaging an enemy.
  • Top armour covering the engine is still only 8mm.
  • Is not as competitive as other heavy tanks at 6.7 like the Tiger II(H) or the T29.

Specifications

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator

Arcade Realistic Simulator


Armaments

1 × 84 mm 20 pdr OQF Mk.I cannon (65 rounds)
1 × 7.92 mm BESA machine gun (3,600 rounds)

Main armament

1 x 84 mm 20 pdr OQF Mk.I cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 65 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 8.1s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 84 mm 20 pdr OQF Mk.I cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 65 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 8.1s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
1 x 84 mm 20 pdr OQF Mk.I cannon
  • Ammunition Capacity: 65 Shells
  • Gun Depression: -10°
  • Gun Elevation: 20°
  • Turret Rotation Speed: 10.7°/s (Stock), __._°/s (Upgraded), _._°/s (Prior + Full Crew), _._°/s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), _._°/s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
  • Reload Rate: 8.1s (Stock), __._s (Full Crew), __._s (Prior + Expert Qualif.), __._s (Prior + Ace Qualif.)
Ammunition
Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
Shot Mk.1 218 215 203 189 176 163 APCBC 1019 9.1 N/A N/A N/A +4° 42° 27° 19°
Shell Mk.1 9 9 9 9 9 9 HE 1019 7.8 0.4 0.5 586 +0° 11° 10°
Shot Mk.3 285 283 262 239 218 198 APDS 1430 4.0 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 15° 12° 10°
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Screen radius
in m
Screen time
in s
Screen hold time
in s:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
20pdr Shell SS Mk.1 Smoke 650 10 13 5 20 50
Ammo Racks
Ammo rack of the Caernarvon (May be outdated)
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
4th
rack empty
5th
rack empty
6th
rack empty
Recommendations Visual
discrepancy
65 61 (+4) 57 (+8) 33 (+32) 22 (+43) 11 (+54) (+64) Front and Turret empty: 33 (+32) Yes

Secondary armament

1 × 7.92 mm BESA machine gun (coaxial)

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader
  • Driver

Total: 4 Crew members

Armour

Armour Type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour (Hull, Turret roof)
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Turret)
  • Structural steel (Side skirts)
Tank Armour Table
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 127 mm (60°) Front glacis
76.2 mm (44°) Lower glacis
50.8 + 4 mm 50.8 mm (1°) 50.8 mm Front
18 + 8 mm Rear
Turret 152 mm (5-25°) Turret front
152 + 20 mm (5-52°) Gun mantlet
89 mm (5-26°) 89 mm (0-20°) 50.8 mm Turret boundary
29 mm Center of turret
Armour Front Rear Roof
Cupola 152 mm 90 mm 29 mm

Notes:

  • Suspension wheels and bogies are 20 mm thick while tracks are 30 mm thick.
  • Steel boxes scattered on the hull and turret sides add 4 mm of armour at their placement.

Engine & mobility

Weight: 50.0 ton

Max Speed: 36 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 1046 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 20.92 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 50.0 ton

Max Speed: 34 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 716 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.32 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°
Weight: 50.0 ton

Max Speed: 34 km/h
Stock

  • Engine Power: 716 hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: 14.32 hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: 40°

Upgraded

  • Engine Power: ___ hp @ 2800 rpm
  • Power-to-Weight Ratio: __.__ hp/ton
  • Maximum Inclination: __°

Modules and improvements

As per usual,"Parts" and "FPE" should be the focus first for modifications to increase combat survivability. Everything else is fair game after you get those two. __MODIFICATIONS__

History of creation and combat usage

Development

In 1944, General Staff started a project called A45 Infantry Support Tank, which started around the same time as the development of the A41 Centurion cruiser tank. This project, after the war, was redesignated from a typical "Infantry Tank" and instead focused on a new role of a "Universal Tank" design in the form of the FV 200 series. The "Universal Tank" concept was to design a vehicle that would have a mobility comparable to that of cruiser tanks, but with the armour and firepower of heavy tanks. The FV 200 series designation was adopted and was to serve as a line of vehicles that used the same hull and chassis in different roles like armour recovery vehicles and self-propelled guns. The first tank of this series was to be the FV 201, which would be 55 tons and had the 20-pounder gun.

In 1949, a new requirement for the project called for the use of a 120 mm gun, possibly in response to the reveal of the Soviet IS-3 heavy tank in the Berlin Victory Parade in 1945. This new requirement would delay the initial deadlines for the tank as no gun of that caliber had been developed yet. As a interim development before such a gun could be made, the FV 201 hull was mounted with a turret from a Centurion Mk.2, which had a 17-pounder gun. This Centurion turret mated FV 201 tank was designated the FV 221 Caernavon, with a Mark I for the 17-pounder. The later combination of the Centurion Mk.3 turret instead of the Mk.2 upped the armament of the tank to the more powerful 20-pounder gun, this version named the Mark II. About 21 units of the Caernarvon Mark II was made in this method.

Successor

The Caernarvon, powerful as it was at the time period, was intended to fulfill the role of the new "Main Battle Tank" concept in the FV 200 series. However, the success of the lighter Centurion cruiser tank made it apparent that the Centurion was more capable in that role than the heavier and less mobile Caernarvon. Thus, this role was not given to the Caernarvon and its design was used instead for further chassis development for future tank development. In 1955, the basis of the Caernarvon was built into the first Conqueror tank. Several Caernarvon Mk.II's were rebuilt into Conqueror Mk. 2 standards in between 1958 and 1959.

Screenshots and fan art

Skins and camouflages for the _____ from live.warthunder.com.

Additional information (links)

The Tank Factory: British Military Vehicle Development and the Chobham Establishment (5th-to-last page of this Google book preview): https://books.google.com/books?id=vhOLBgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=Caernarvon&f=false

References


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uk_fv221_caernarvon.png

Icon-country-gbr.png FV 221 Caernarvon
Nation Britain
Type Heavy tank
Rank 4
Battle Rating
6.7
6.7
6.3

   Metric✓       Imperial   

   Metric       Imperial✓   

Characteristics
Weight
50,000 kg
110,231 lb
Number of Crew 4
Hull armour thickness
127/50.8/50.8/18 mm
5.00/2.00/2.00/0.71 inches
Statistics
Engine power (Stock)
1,046 hp
716 hp
716 hp
Engine power (Upgraded)
___ hp
810 hp
810 hp
HP/ton ratio (Stock)
20.92
21.25
14.32
14.55
14.32
14.55
HP/ton ratio (Upgraded)
__.__
__.__
16.20
16.46
16.20
16.46
Max speed
36 km/h
22.5 mph
34 km/h
21.1 mph
34 km/h
21.1 mph
Main Weapon
1 x 84 mm 20pdr OQF Mk.I Cannon
Ammo stowage 65 rounds
Vertical guidance -10°/20°
Secondary Weapon
1 x 7.92 mm BESA Machine gun
Ammo stowage 3,600 rounds
Mount Coaxial
Economy
Required RP 78,000 RP
Vehicle cost 230,000 SL
Crew training cost 65,000 SL
Max repair cost*
3,780 SL
8,360 SL
6,350 SL
Free repair time (Stock)
4d 13h
11d
9d
Free repair time (Upgraded)
1d 12h
3d 18h
3d 04h
Warning: this sidebar is a WIP, and can be incorrect. Last updated 1.77.2.149.