D.521

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D.521

A single-seat monoplane fighter with an all-metal construction, closed cockpit and retractable landing gear with a tail wheel. Designed by the SNCAM (Societe Nationale des constructions aeronautiques du Midi) company. The developmental prototype of the Dewoitine D.520-01 fighter took its maiden flight on 2 October 1938. Series production began at the SNCAM (later SNCASE) plant in Toulouse.

While perfecting the series-produced Dewoitine D.520 fighters, designers also worked to create new models of the same plane. In November 1939, work began on creating the Dewoitine D.521 model, equipped with the British liquid-cooled V12 Rolls-Royce Merlin Mk.III engine with a rated output of 1,030 hp. It was suggested that a fighter fitted with this engine could reach a maximum horizontal speed of 570 km/h.
Since an engine-mounted cannon could not be installed on the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, two Hispano-Suiza H.S.404 cannons were mounted on the wings instead. This meant that all the Dewoitine D.521's weaponry was mounted on the wings, and consisted of two 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 drum magazine cannons with 60 shells each and four 7.5 mm Chatellerault MAC 1934 machine guns with 675 rounds each.
Note that precise information (primarily photographs) on the practical configuration of the Dewoitine D.521's Hispano-Suiza wing-mounted cannons is not available. For this reason, we can only make educated guesses about the fighter's armament structure.

One of the early series-produced Dewoitine D.520 fighters was selected to be adapted as the Dewoitine D.521-01 prototype. Its maiden flight took place on 9 February 1940. It had an improved climbing rate, but the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine was significantly heavier than the Hispano-Suiza 12Y installed on the series-produced planes, and this caused problems with the plane's center of gravity. Testing continued until March 1940. On the whole, the new plane failed to exceed the performance of the series-produced Dewoitine D.520s, and the Dewoitine D.521 project was closed.

The main purpose, usage and tactics recommendations

Pros and cons of the plane

History of creation and combat usage

Armament

Screenshots and fan art

Additional information (links)

d_521.png
Title D.521
Country Great Britain
Max altitude 12000m
Max speed 568.8km/h on altitude 6500m
Turn time 21s
Take on distance 310m
Climb time 415s to altitude 5000m
Climb rate 12.04m/s