85 mm Tank Gun D-5

From WarThunder-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Summary

The 85 mm Tank Gun D-5 started as an 85 mm 52-K anti-aircraft gun in the Soviet inventory. Its development into a tank gun started in 1942 when it was found that the F-34 cannon on the T-34 was inferior to the German high velocity 7.5 cm KwK 40 gun being mounted on their newest tank designs, as well as the appearance of the Tiger I that was impervious to the 76 mm cannon. After tests done with a captured Tiger with all of the guns in the Soviet inventory, the 85 mm gun was deemed able to penetrate the Tiger, which was a benefit since a large quantity of the gun was had in Soviet production. The development had two design bureaus, each led by Vasiliy Grabin and Fyodor Petrov, to modify the 85 mm gun into a tank armament. Petrov developed the D-5 gun and was first mounted on the SU-85 before the T-34 was upgraded with a bigger turret to hold the gun. Grabin developed the second gun, and the project was turned over to A. Savin that produced the ZiS-53, which proved superior to Petrov's D-5 gun and replaced the D-5 as the main T-34 armament as the ZiS-S-53.

Game Usage

The 85 mm gun has a very powerful balance of penetration and beyond-armor effective damage. The 85 mm standard AP round can already penetrate around 130 mm at standard combat ranges and even more potent at close-range environments. The large caliber also allows the shells to hold a large amount of explosive filler that allows a very devastating damage in the enemy interior once the shell penetrates. The BR-365P APCR shell available in the T-44 can also theoretically penetrate the front hull of the Panther tanks, which makes the 85 mm cannon one of the few cannons at battle rating 5.0 - 6.0 that is able to penetrate the Panther frontally.

Guns of comparable performance

Users

F-30

D-5T

ZiS-S-53

Type-62-85-TC

D-5S

Ammunition

F-30

Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-365A 142 139 123 105 91 81 APHEBC 792 9.2 1.2 15 164 +4° 42° 27° 19°
O-365K 9 9 9 9 9 9 HE 780 9.5 0.1 0.3 646 +0° 11° 10°

D-5/ZiS-S-53

Ammunition Penetration in mm @ 90° Type of
warhead
Velocity
in m/s
Projectile
Mass in kg
Fuse delay
in m:
Fuse sensitivity
in mm:
Explosive Mass in
TNT equivalent
in g:
Normalization At 30°
from horizontal:
Ricochet:
10m 100m 500m 1000m 1500m 2000m 0% 50% 100%
BR-365K 145 142 125 107 92 78 APHE 792 9.2 1.2 15 81.6 -1° 43° 30° 25°
BR-365A 142 139 123 105 91 81 APHEBC 792 9.2 1.2 15 164 +4° 42° 27° 19°
O-365K 9 9 9 9 9 9 HE 780 9.5 0.1 0.3 646 +0° 11° 10°
BR-365P* 180 175 136 100 73 54 APCR 1030 5.4 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 24° 20° 18°
BR-367** 159 155 143 131 122 110 APCBC 792 9.2 1.2 15 74.8 +4° 42° 27° 19°
BR-367P** 230 229 202 173 147 125 APCR 1020 5.4 N/A N/A N/A +1.5° 24° 20° 18°
3BK2*** 300 300 300 300 300 300 HEATFS 842 7.3 0.1 0.1 1,590 +0° 25° 18° 15°

* - Not available on T-34-85(D-5T), KV-85, and SU-85.
** - Only available on the T-44.
*** - Only available on Type-62

History

Images

Additional information (links)